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Users of Kaspersky Anti-virus have reported the presence of a process named chúng tôi as part of their package. The AO Kaspersky Lab said that the process is a part of the Anti-virus. It is known as the Kaspersky Volume Shadow Copy Service Bridge and in this article, we will explain what it is while also discussing what its use is and why it is present on your PC.

Before we begin, let me give you a brief overview of the major topics covered in this article. Here, we will talk about:

What is the chúng tôi service? Is it a part of the Kaspersky Anti-virus package?

What is the Volume Shadow Copy service?

What is the 32-bit process avp.exe?

Is chúng tôi malware?

What is the chúng tôi or Kaspersky Volume Shadow Copy Service Bridge

The Kaspersky Volume Shadow Copy Service Bridge (vssbridge64.exe), as the name suggests is a service that acts as a bridge between the 32-bit chúng tôi process and your OS’s 64-bit Volume Shadow Copy service, facilitating the interaction between them.

The technical jargon above may have been a little difficult for some of you to understand but it can help to know what the Windows Volume Shadow Copy service is, so as to help you understand better.

What is the Volume Shadow Copy service?

Observed in Windows as chúng tôi the Volume Shadow copy service helps you to mirror your hard drive and store it to be used in an event where your memory is compromised. The service takes the image of at least your system drive. This helps us restore our system with ease since there is a backup of most application configurations and that can directly be booted into the system, saving a lot of time and effort. You can read more about what VSS is and what purpose it serves in Windows here.

The ‘avp’ executable file, on the other hand, is a part of the Kaspersky Anti-virus i.e., it comes with the software. The file offers security services against viruses, trojans, etc. along with an optional personal firewall.

Let us have a look at the possible paths where you might find the chúng tôi file on your Windows PC.

Kaspersky Volume Shadow Copy Service Bridge paths on Windows

c:program files (x86)kaspersky labkaspersky internet security 16.0.0×64

c:program files (x86)kaspersky labkaspersky anti-virus 17.0.0×64

c:program files (x86)kaspersky labkaspersky internet security 18.0.0×64

c:program files (x86)kaspersky labkaspersky internet security 20.0×64

Users should note that the paths mentioned above are the common paths, but it is not an exhaustive list since the installation path of software can always be changed.

A major concern that most people have with executable files is that they may steal malware. Files can be renamed as anything, so malware can be packaged and shipped to your system being named chúng tôi which is a process file for the Windows-powered Kaspersky Anti-Virus tool. However, there haven’t been any reports of there being malware in this particular file just yet.

There is an easy way to check if your chúng tôi is a safe executable file or not. Simply locate the .exe file and open its properties. In the Properties dialog box, select the Digital Signatures tab and check if it is signed by AO Kaspersky Lab. If it isn’t, which is rarely the case, it is possible that your file contains malware. If you feel unsafe, you can uninstall it too.

We hope that this post sufficiently clears all your doubts about what the Kaspersky Volume Shadow Copy Service is.

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What I Did On My Summer Vacation

The family is suspicious. “Don’t you have to check your voice mail?” Jeremy asks.

Me, I am grinning ear to ear. I know how to enjoy myself. No long lines for me. I spent the entire day pleasantly riding the train around the park answering my e-mail and doing a few meetings.

I meet them at the exit gates, and they certainly show no signs of having spent the day at the “Happiest place on earth.”

Day 2: 7:30 p.m. It’s a very productive day at Disneyland. We break up into groups so that everyone can do what they want. Amy has the kids, and I have my Windows CE portable and a wireless modem.

Jeremy and Annie reluctantly turn off the in-room $9.95 movie they just ordered. Just as well for them, we need to get up early tomorrow to go to Disneyland.

“Cripes, is it after 10 already? I’m supposed to be on a conference call with our Tokyo office.”

“Funny,” Amy responds, “I was going to say the same thing… only more flippantly.”

Day 1: 10:15 p.m. On my way down to the pool, I meet the family in the elevator coming back up. “That was fast,” I say.

The kids want to go down to the pool right away. I need to check my e-mail. I ask Amy to take the kids to the pool and promise I’ll be down in 10 minutes.

Day 1: 9:00 p.m. Arrive at the La Quinta Motel near Disneyland. As a business traveler, it’s not quite what I’m used to–I wait 20 minutes at the ice machine while two men fill their bathtub-sized coolers.

“And do what?” Jeremy asks. “Check your voice mail?” Everyone has a hearty laugh… except me.

“I swear to God, if I have to hear that one more time,” I holler, “I’m gonna pull this van over!”

Day 1: 4:21 p.m. Jeremy tells me for the 35th time during his second viewing that there aren’t five Spice Girls anymore. One of them–I think he said “Paprika Spice”–left the group.

Easy for her to say, she’s the one on Zoloft.

Day 1: 4:20 p.m. I’m beginning to have second thoughts about being away from the office. So much is going on with the outsourcing negotiations and the problems with the online cut-over. I’ll either look negligent for being away, or I’ll be so buried when I come back, I’ll look like I can’t keep up. I start to get that knotted up neck muscle thing, which my wife perceptively picks up on.

Day 1: 3:00 p.m. Gas stop in Blythe and I need to check my messages. But my cell phone’s not getting a signal here. I excuse myself from the family to use the pay phone inside. An hour later, Amy sends Jeremy in after me.

Day 1: 11:05 a.m. Bouncing out of the driveway at 25mph, I am reminded that this is not a rental car. Funny thing about rental cars, I start to tell Amy, they’re designed to take speed bumps at 50 MPH, drive 100 miles with the oil light on and another 100 on a flat tire, and you can even snuff out your cigarettes in the upholstery. But she’s not paying attention, her nose is buried in Elmore Leonard’s, Be Cool.

Day 1: 11:00 a.m. I dash back out to the van, still running in the driveway. “That was a fast five minutes,” Amy says, familiar with the routine. I try to explain how I was pulled into a teleconference but am shushed by my children. Jeremy is two-thirds of the way through his first (of what will be seven viewings) of “Spice World.” Annie is repeatedly singing about some new Starbuck’s creation: the Lavida Mocha. I’ll have to try one of those when I get back in town.

Everyone’s back in the van, but I have to excuse myself for five minutes to get a quick e-mail off.

Day 1: 9:30 a.m. The kids run back into the house. I take the opportunity to check my voice mail and find I have six messages. Two are marked urgent.

Day 1: 8:45 a.m. On the freeway, son Jeremy discovers he’s left his “Spice World” videotape behind as well as the extra batteries for his Nintendo Gameboy. I suggest we just stop at the next Wal-Mart rather than lose the time doubling back. But daughter Annie trumps him by forgetting her Ricky Martin CD (apparently–and I don’t understand any of this–she has the english version, but left the spanish version at home.) Being a fan of “I Love Lucy”‘s Little Ricky, I can empathize; but I thought Annie was studying French in school, so this is all confusing to me. Again I suggest Wal-Mart, but when she confides to Amy that she’s also left her “Skechers” at home–which I interpret as slang for something I don’t want to know about–I turn the van around and head back home.

We go over the checklist for the fifth time and then back out of the driveway.

Day 1: 8:00 a.m. The minivan’s loaded like Jethro’s truck, and we’ve voted that California is, indeed, the place we ought to be. Two days at Disneyland for the family; then we drop the kids off at Amy’s parents while we enjoy some together time in Las Vegas.

L ast month, when Tempe, Ariz., CIO Gary Imoki bought a brand new Oldsmobile Silhouette minivan, complete with airline-style 5.6-inch LCD, flat-screen TV and VCR, his motive was not simply to use his vacation time before he lost it, but to spend some much needed quality time with his family. What he didn’t realize was that time away from the office can be every bit as taxing as time behind the desk. Here is his story:

“Yeah, or e-mail?” Annie says.

“I had a dream.”

“What?” Amy asks. “The one where Orson Welles back sasses your grandmother about the buffet?”

“No. In this dream I was alone, just riding the train around Disneyland all day.”

“Dad, that wasn’t a dream. That’s what you did yesterday.”

Did I actually do that? I went to Disneyland with my family and ended up checking my e-mail? I’m pathetic. Well, anyway, that was the “decompressing” executive. Today starts a new me. A vacationing, Bermuda-shorts-wearing Gary Imoki. But first I need to check my voice mail.

“Hmmm, that’s odd. No messages.”

“Maybe it’s a sign,” Amy says.

Or an omen.

For me, it’s getting back to the room to see what I missed. I press #2. I’m probably the only La Quinta guest who’s bothered programming the phone for speed dial. Only one message.

I hang up. “You’re right. I’m gonna get some ice.”

“Leave the cell phone here!”

I remind Jeremy to take his tape because Grandma might want to watch it with him… five or six times. Amy punches me in the arm.

Then it is time to move on. A whirlpool and bottle of champagne are awaiting us at the Stratosphere Hotel.

“You missed it,” Amy says.

“No, the turn off is still ahead.”

“OK, Mr. GPS, you’re the driver, but it wouldn’t kill you to just stop and ask someone for directions,” she snips before going back to Elmore Leonard.

The AAA Guide to Los Angeles: IT Supplement

Virginia may be for lovers, but if IT is your bag, L.A.’s the pLAce to be. Here’s a sampling of what Shaky Town has to offer laptop schleppers.

The 45-minute tour begins with a short video narrated by Coco Chanel herself, describing back-office processing from her first shop in 1909 through her death in 1971. This year, an additional five minutes, narrated by Paloma Picasso, has been added describing the Euro crisis.

Tours run throughout the year, Monday-Friday, and begin on the hour. Admission: adults, $1,375; children ages two-12, $950; under two years old, $500. Includes a souvenir–a discarded swatch of cloth.

Runs continuously, at the Rampart General Hospital ER waiting area. Free.

Runs through December at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Free parking at the nearby La Brea Tar Pits. No additional charge with museum admission.

“So…” Amy says triumphantly, coming out of the bathroom wearing something even Janeane Garofalo wouldn’t wear in a self-deprecating romantic-comedy, “How do I look?”

I don’t need a computer to answer that, I need body armor: “Great … is that a new … uh …”


Damn, that would have been my guess.

An afternoon at the pool and three frozen mai tais later, I have a revelation while watching the pool girls deliver drinks and the lifeguards apply neon paste to their noses. I’m on vacation. And it only took four days to figure it out.

Another mai tai, please, and to hell with that status meeting I was going to call into.

“On vacation, eh?”

“You Betcha!”

“I used to be on the fast track, too.”

“Let me guess,” I say, “but you hated the rat race so much you just dropped out and now you live in paradise–maybe schlep some rich old woman’s cosmetic case up to her room, master the art of the discrete palm presentation and with great dignity pocket the sawbuck?”

“Actually,” he begins, gesturing to ask if I mind whether he sits next to me, “I was on vacation, just like you, frequently checking back with the office to stay in the loop. As the messages got fewer and farther between, I let my paranoia get the best of me. I started thinking how maybe they could get by without me. It ate at me for the whole vacation. It was a miserable time for my family as I agonized over the pink slip that I knew would greet me on my return. My wife kept telling me to relax, but I had this feeling… that instinct you develop after you’ve been in the business for a while. Anyway, to make a long story short, I got back to my office on Monday…”

I know where this is going. “You got back and everything was just the way it was when you left, only the work had piled up!”

“No,” he says. “I got laid off. Oh well. Hey, I have to get back to work. Listen, you have a nice vacation here in Las Vegas, and if there’s anything you need, dial #40 from your room phone.”

That’s the trouble with vacations–they’re too short. Mine lasted five minutes.

“You know, I think losing my Palm Pilot in the Lazy River at the water park was a sign.”

“What’re you talking about?”

“You know, maybe it’s time I considered another job, one with less stress. One where you can actually enjoy your vacation.”

“You’ve worked in IT for 15 years, I go to get a snack for maybe two minutes and you’re going to do what?”

“Maybe work at Radio Shack.”

“Whoa! Hold on. Do you remember the two diminutive people who live with us? Have you heard of orthodontia? Or college?”

“Yeah, I know it sounds weird, but I think a lot about checking out of the rat race before someone does it to me–I mean for me.”

“Is there something you’re not telling me?”

“Just that with all the cut backs and reorgs you read about, you always have to be on the offensive–do the meetings, keep up with the minutia. Makes you wonder if people who dig ditches are happier. They leave their job when they go home.”

“Maybe you should try that.”

“Digging ditches?”

“No, leaving your job when you come home.”

We spend the night at a Holiday Inn, where the ice line is much shorter–only two or three travelers with Igloo coolers.

I go to bed that night with renewed appreciation of my family and quality time. Getting terminated is liberating. I try to accept that as fact, not rationalization. So, I let my cell phone battery drain, throw my beeper in the glove box, and give Jeremy my Windows CE machine to surf the Web in the car (anything is better than another iteration of “Spice World”).

I even surf past MSNBC this morning and pitch the technology section of the newspaper in favor of the sports page.

I couldn’t bear to repeat it all. Amy says she heard “most” of it, and it was beautiful, but she is approaching the last chapter of Be Cool, and I know she is just humoring me.

I’m going over the financing. Can we make it on a Taco Bell assistant manager’s wages? It’ll be rough, maybe we have to share a room in the trailer, but there are some things that are more important than creature comforts. These are concepts I would like to share with the kids, but they’ve already taken off.. Jeremy has run across the street to Tom’s house, and I don’t know where Annie is and I’m afraid to ask because, as my wife says, “she’s at that age.”

But this one is different. This time I’m backing my car in so I can load the trunk easier.

If they did pack my boxes, they better not have broken any of my mugs. Not that I’ll need them sorting mail at the post office, but it would be a pretty cavalier way to terminate someone, trashing their personal property along the way. Then again, who cares? Give me my check, and let me get on with my Herbalife business.

Merle calls me into his office, “when I have a moment,” which really means when he has a moment. I do as I’m told this one last time! I know what’s coming and I’m over the separation anxiety, but I’m still nervous.

Let’s get this over with. I’m wasting time standing on formalities when I can be making $200 a week stuffing envelopes in my own home.

Two hundred a week. What am I thinking? I like a new car that starts when you turn the key. I want my kids to go to an accredited college, not get an A.A. from Sally Struthers’ University. I like my satellite dish.

My heart’s racing and my emotions are flying like… well, I’m too distracted to come up with a good analogy.

Merle hands me the envelope. It’s not unlike what I expected, except that it’s not pink. It is the same manila color as our twice-monthly payroll checks.

For a moment I hesitate, then I open it. It’s just last week’s payroll check. I think about the liberating life of a bus driver and take another peek at the gross amount on the check. Maybe this job’s not so bad after all.

“How was your vacation?” asks Merle.

Too short.

What Is Starlink? Elon Musk’S Satellite Internet Service Explained

The dream of accessing the internet no matter where you live might become a reality sooner than you might think. In 2023, SpaceX, the company owned by technology billionaire Elon Musk, announced it was developing a service called Starlink. But what is Starlink, exactly? Keep reading as we reveal more about this highly ambitious space internet service.

How does Starlink work?

Once it becomes fully operational, Starlink will offer internet access from virtually anywhere on the planet. While traditional satellite internet uses a few single satellites orbiting at more than 22,000 miles above us. These satellites are so far up because they need to be at a point where any dish can access them. Starlink is different, utilizing tons of small satellites in low Earth orbit — or at altitudes of 342 miles. Each of these small satellites talk to each other to blanket a region with internet access. The end result is faster speeds and much lower latency. This makes for a internet experience that performs closer to cable internet than what you’d find from satellite providers like Hughesnet.

Elon Musk’s Starlink has FCC approval to launch 15,000 small satellites into low Earth orbit and eventually hopes to expand that goal to 42,000 to give true across the globe coverage. As of April 2023, there are currently 3,660 active satellites.

What do the satellites look like?

Each satellite in the Starlink project weighs just 573 pounds (260kg). The body of each satellite is flat, and up to 60 of them can fit into one of SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rockets. Once put in orbit, a single large solar array comes out to power the satellite. The central portion includes four powerful antennas for internet transmissions. Each satellite relies on a set of lasers to connect with four others in orbit. Finally, they have ion thrusters that use krypton gas. This allows them to stay in orbit longer, even at these lower distances from Earth.

How fast are Starlink internet speeds?

While no longer formally in Beta, Starlink still has a long way to go before it has enough satellites in the air. As a result, there can be quite a lot of congestion. Our own tests show that the service averages 100-200Mbps, though during peaks it can get a bit lower and during less active times we’ve seen higher than 200Mbps. Upload speeds are all over the map, though our tests showed it typically got at least 5-15Mbps.  Our latency results tend to range between 30ms and 55ms, which isn’t quite as fast as cable internet but is much better than you’d find with a traditional satellite.

How far will Starlink internet eventually be? Once it’s running with more satellites, SpaceX claims the latency should be between 25ms and 35ms. That should be fast enough for most internet tasks, including gaming. Download speeds should also be pretty quick, with the end goal being at least 1Gbps.

By comparison, the current HughesNet satellite internet service offers download speeds of up to 25Mbps. However, its latency speeds are much slower, at about 600-650ms.

How much does Starlink internet access cost? Where is SpaceX Starlink internet available on Earth?

Starlink is available in over 30 countries across the globe, including all of North America, Europe, parts of Australia, and more. It has also been widely used in Ukraine to assist with the defense effort. It’s estimated that 150,000 Ukrainians use the service daily, despite Russian efforts to scramble the satellite signals. Overall, there are now a million Starlink subscribers throughout the world and the number is expected to continue jumping forward as SpaceX launches more satellites.

Other frequently asked questions

When SpaceX first launches a new set of satellites, you can briefly see them with the naked eye. However, they soon go higher up into orbit. When that happens, they become much less visible, but they could still be visible with the naked eye in certain circumstances, and certainly via telescopes.

The reason is mostly that they are orbiting much lower than normal communication satellites. According to a Vox article, many astronomers have concerns that the plan to put as many as 12,000 or more Starlink satellites into orbit could cause a lot more light pollution, which could interfere with their Earth-bound telescopes. SpaceX says it works to reduce light pollution from those satellites, including experimenting with a dark coating on the surface.

There have been some concerns raised about the amount of space debris that could be generated with thousands of Starlink satellites in orbit. According to this chúng tôi article, many experts feel they could cause issues with both crewless and crewed spacecraft. However, SpaceX claims that the satellites will use their onboard thrusters to avoid other orbiting crafts.

Fiber internet speeds top out at 10Gbps. Starlink’s download speeds are supposed to be up to 1Gbps, but again there’s no word on upload speeds. Therefore, it doesn’t look like Starlink will be faster than fiber.

Yes and no. While there will be no direct way to connect, there are a few companies partnering to bring Starlink functionality for emergencies. T-Mobile’s Starlink partnership is the most notable example.

No. As we have stated before, the service is designed for direct fixed connections to homes or businesses. It is not the same as mobile 5G technology.

What Can I Do If My Laptop Mousepad Is Not Working?

What can I do if my laptop mousepad is not working?






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10 quick solutions to fix laptop mousepad issues

One of the benefits of owning a laptop is its built-in mousepad. This works especially where you’re constantly moving about, and your physical mouse device has failed you.

The mousepad, however, can also be frustrating especially when it’s not working because it isn’t a plug and play device, like its predecessor, the USB mouse device.

Why is my touchpad not working in Windows 10?

This issue can be as a result of a missing or outdated driver.

In order to fix your mousepad when it’s not working, you’d have to check on a number of troubleshooting resolutions before you can resolve the issue. Here are solutions that can help you work around this issue.

What to do if your mousepad won’t respond 1. Update mousepad or touchpad drivers

Follow the steps below to do this:

Select Device Manager

Follow on-screen instructions to update the mousepad driver

If the issue persists, try the next solution.

2. Uninstall and reinstall mouse drivers

Here’s how to do this:

Select Control Panel

Select Device Manager

Expand Mice and other pointing devices to open the list

Restart your computer. Windows automatically detects the change in your hardware.

Install the mouse driver

Check for its functionality

Note: contact your device’s manufacturer for the latest mouse drivers.

3. Use Windows generic mousepad driver

Select HID compliant mouse

Follow the prompts to install it

In case you tried changing your driver and it didn’t help, there is probably a problem with the mousepad itself, so you need to contact your computer’s manufacturer for further assistance.

4. Run an System File Checker scan

Here’s how to do this:

Go to the search field box and type CMD

Select Command Prompt

Press Enterong

Type sfc/scannow

Press Enter

Restart your computer

Expert tip:

ALSO READ: SteelSeries QcK Prism dual-surface RGB gaming mousepad costs only $59.99

5. Run Hardware and Devices troubleshooter

If you’re experiencing problems with your computer’s mousepad, then run the Hardware and Devices troubleshooter to resolve the issue. This checks for commonly occurring issues and ensures any new device or hardware is correctly installed on your computer.

Here’s how to go about it:

Select Control Panel

Go to View by option on the top right corner

Follow the instructions to run the Hardware and Devices troubleshooter.  The troubleshooter will begin detecting any issues.

Solution 6: Roll back the driver

Select Device Manager

Expand Mice and other pointing devices

Go to Driver tab

In the Driver Package rollback dialog box, select Yes

Restart your computer

Does the mousepad problem persist? Try the next solution.

7. Check your keyboard

Select Device Manager

Go to Mice and other pointing devices

Go to Driver tab

ALSO READ: 7 best mini wireless keyboards for PC

8. Get drivers form manufacturer’s website

You can download the latest mousepad drivers from the manufacturer’s website, and then install it on your computer and see if it works.

9. Install mousepad drivers in compatibility mode

Follow these steps to install in compatibility mode:

Download the latest mousepad/touchpad driver from the manufacturer’s website

Save it on your local disk

Check the box next to

Run th

is program in Compatibility mode

Select the Operating System from the drop down list

The driver will install, then check its functionality.

10. Disconnect all peripherals

Some peripherals may automatically disable the mousepad function. Fortunately, you can quickly fix this problem by disconnecting all the peripherals. Then reboot your computer and test to see if the problem persists. You can then plug the peripherals back in one by one to identify the culprit.


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What Is Uwb, And Why Is It In My Phone? Ultra Wideband Technology, Explained

UWB Technology Facts and Stats

UWB can accurately track an equipped object to within 3.9 inches (10 centimeters)









Speed: Linear speed of light (





range: 30-600 feet (10-200 meters)

Localization accuracy: 







 m (








Very low vulnerability to interference

First developed: 1960s

Originally restricted and used only for US government and military applications

How does Ultra-Wideband technology work?

UWB is quite different from how other wireless data transfers work. It’s a pulse pattern radio-based technology that sends data in the time domain, with a spectrum ranging from 3.1 and 10.6 GHz. Conventional wireless transmissions vary the power, frequency, and/or phase of a sinewave to encode data, rather than simple pulses.

Ultra Wideband Technology Allows for Precise Location Tracking

The biggest benefit of this pulse-based transfer is that it’s possible to calculate time-of-flight information from the received data. UWB can send as many as one billion pulses per second — and each of those pulses can be measured based on how long it takes the data transfer to go from one device to another.

Once you know the time taken for the signal to travel between two UWB devices, as well as the speed of the data transfer, it’s simple math to work out the distance between the transmitter and receiver. In the real world, this means UWB eliminates the risk of relay attacks, commonly employed by car thieves that involves intercepting and rebroadcasting radio signals to maliciously gain access to a locked vehicle.

UWB technology uses time-of-flight to accurately measure distance, enabling applications like secure unlocking.

If you’re thinking that it sounds a bit like sonar, at least on a very broad level, you’re kind of right. UWB technology measures the amount of time it takes for a radio wave to move between two objects, while sonar measures the amount of time it takes a sound wave to travel from its source, bounce off of an object, and return. They’re vastly different in a lot of ways — for one, Sonar doesn’t transmit data — but the basic idea is essentially the same.

UWB uses a wide portion of the spectrum to transfer data quickly…

The pulse method also takes up a lot more spectrum to work reliably, which is the reason for the ultra-wideband nomenclature. A single band is typically 500MHz wide, compared to a 5 to 20MHz 4G LTE band or 20MHz to 80MHz for WiFi (see above). Because of the wide spectrum, pulsed data can be sent very quickly without losing accuracy.

UWB can hit data rates from 4Mbps to 675Mbps or more, depending on the frequency. That’s far faster than NFC’s 424Kbps and Bluetooth’s standard 2.1Mbps speeds, but not as quick as the 2Gbps speeds achievable with Wi-Fi 6.

… And it doesn’t interfere with other wireless technology like Wi-Fi or Bluetooth

Typically, wireless technologies are limited to very narrow bands to avoid interfering with each other. UWB avoids this problem by operating at very low power levels that basically fall within the noise floor of other wireless applications. In other words, the spectrum is so wide that it’s easy to detect but at low enough power that it doesn’t interfere with other signals.

What is UWB used for?

1. Keyless Entry 2. Automation

Self-driving cars need reliable and ultra-fast sensors to ensure that they aren’t about to accidentally drive full-speed into an abandoned JC Penney. What better technology to help driverless cars “see” what’s around them than UWB, which can emit one billion pulses per second and is accurate to within a few inches?

Like many other industries, UWB has yet to be fully utilized in autonomous cars, but we expect that to change quickly. Ultra-wideband is likely to be used to provide accurate, real-time information, back and forth from one connected car to another, quickly and accurately enough that a world full of driverless cars may actually be possible.

3. Manufacturing and Logistics

It may not be the sexiest application for UWB technology, but it is one of the most impactful. Because UWB signals are so accurate and reliable, they can be used to track assets in factories, warehouses, and other large industrial sites. Think about it: finding a product in a large warehouse is a lot easier when you can track its location to the centimeter.

Large companies that move hundreds of thousands of items per day (think Amazon, UPS, and others with a high focus on logistics) can benefit greatly from UWB tech. In fact, startups like Kinexon are already providing UWB devices as a solution to enterprise-scale logistics and efficiency problems.

4. Sports 5. Asset Tracking

Personal item trackers like the Apple AirTag use UWB technology to pinpoint the exact location of an item. Boeing also uses UWB technology to keep track of thousands of expensive tools, parts, and equipment in its factories.

These are examples of asset tracking. Using wireless tracking technology can help ensure nothing valuable goes missing again. Lost inventory and supplies are expenses that really add up, and companies like Boeing have realized that they can use UWB tracking to cut down on this.

5. Smart Homes

We love smart homes here at Android Authority, and the potential for UWB in this area is pretty awesome. Just imagine how nice it would be if your home’s lights were triggered automatically every time you walked into a room with your UWB-equipped phone in your pocket. Another cool use for UWB would be the ability to program your front door to unlock automatically when you are within 10 feet of the door — and those are just two of the dozens of ways that ultra-wideband can make smart homes even smarter.

Even better, imagine you lose your phone somewhere in your house. Instead of searching underneath every couch cushion and praying that you didn’t put your phone in the washing machine, you could simply ask Amazon Alexa where your phone is. With UWB, your digital assistant could tell you exactly where your phone was in a fraction of a second!

How is UWB Used in Smartphones?

Smartphones that support Ultra-Wideband

Robert Triggs / Android Authority

Even though ultra-wideband technology has been around for a few years, it’s not as commonplace as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth yet. It’s currently reserved for some of the most expensive devices on the market today, simply due to its limited adoption. However, you can expect that to change as the technology makes its way to mainstream vehicles and tracking devices.

The Difference Between UWB, NFC, and Bluetooth Technology

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

If the ultra-wideband use cases we’ve discussed so far sound familiar, it’s because many of them can already be done with existing NFC and Bluetooth technologies. Which begs the question, why bother with yet another wireless standard? What does UWB have that other wireless standards do not?

Band and Range

Bluetooth operates in the 2.4GHz band, giving it a decent range for indoor use. However, this band is in the same spectrum as some WiFi signals, making it susceptible to interference. UWB’s wide spectrum is much less prone to interference, hence its early adoption in industrial applications. That said, its range is not as long as Bluetooth’s.

UWB offers greater positional accuracy than Bluetooth and NFC, but isn’t as affordable or commonplace yet.

NFC operates at 13.56MHz and most implementations require close physical proximity for data transfer. This means UWB’s transmission distance lies somewhere between that of Bluetooth and NFC. If you need long-range applications, look to GPS or Bluetooth. Short-distance applications are better served by UWB and NFC.

Cost-effectiveness: UWB isn’t as cheap as Bluetooth or NFC When is UWB the best choice?

UWB comes into its own when high-speed data transfers, fast location detection with high accuracy, and/or low risk of interference are the key requirements. As mentioned previously, the technology also works well in scenarios that require additional security, such as wireless vehicle access. Ultimately, ultra-wideband isn’t a direct replacement for any of the wireless technologies already on the market. Instead, it’s a better, more versatile choice for different use cases, even though it’s more expensive and not a “one size fits all” technology.

Are there any drawbacks to UWB?

The exceptional thing about ultra-wideband technology is that it doesn’t really have many downsides. It’s energy-efficient, versatile, cost-effective, and virtually immune to attacks and interference. That said, there are a few things about UWB that make some people think twice about its value: privacy concerns and slow adoption.

Unethical Tracking: Can UWB be used to track people without their consent?

Just like when people were concerned about stalkers using Tile, AirTags, and Galaxy SmartTag devices, there are people who have legitimate concerns about the unethical use of UWB tracking. While there are currently no examples of this tech being used to track people against their will, it’s not hard to imagine that somebody would want to try.

Stalking is the first thing that comes to mind, but there are also concerns about employees (think warehouse employees, retail workers, etc) being relentlessly tracked by management. This type of location tracking breaks several ethical (and potentially legal) barriers, and it’s not hard to envision a near future in which we need strong regulation around UWB technology.

Lack of Adoption: UWB isn’t in enough consumer devices for it to be truly useful… yet.

Though UWB is being integrated into more smartphones every year, most of the devices in people’s hands are still not equipped to transmit or receive UWB signals. This severely hampers the technology’s potential, at least for right now, in the consumer world.

What does that mean for you? Simply that, at least for right now, UWB isn’t a technology worth getting too excited about. If you work in the logistics, manufacturing, or automotive industries, you’ve got reason to be excited, but the rest of us will have to wait a bit before we see the true potential of the ultra wideband standard.


Yes — just as with Bluetooth, wifi, and other radio-based communication standards, UWB is completely safe.

Yes, UWB signals can penetrate some walls depending on their thickness and material.

Yes — UWB has been included in every iPhone, iPhone Pro, and iPhone Pro Max since the release of the 11 series in 2023.

UWB has been around since the dawn of radio. It was first used in real-world applications by the US military, and began to be included in consumer products in the late 2010s.

UWB still works even when there are barriers separating two UWB-enabled devices; a direct “line of sight” is not required. The accuracy of location tracking does decrease; however, UWB is still more accurate than Bluetooth without a line of sight.

Mini Bridge In Photoshop Cs5

Since the whole purpose of Mini Bridge is to make finding and opening images fast and convenient, Adobe wanted to make sure that accessing Mini Bridge itself was also as convenient as possible, so they’ve added several different ways to get to it. If you have some time to kill, you can go up to the File menu at the top of the screen and choose the new Browse in Mini Bridge command:

Or, you can go up to the Window menu, choose Extensions, and then choose Mini Bridge:

The Application Bar now contains a new Mini Bridge icon in Photoshop CS5.

The Mini Bridge Home Page

Whichever way you choose to access it, Mini Bridge will open in the panel column along the right side of the screen:

The Mini Bridge as it first appears.

Use the Home Page icon at any time to return to the main Home Page.

Browsing Files

Once we’ve selected Browse Files, the layout of the Mini Bridge panel changes, with the top half becoming the main folder navigation area and the bottom half becoming the area where we view and select the contents of the folder we’ve navigated to. Adobe refers to these areas as “pods”, with the one on top being the Navigation Pod and the bottom one being the Content Pod:

The main Mini Bridge layout.

Choose a main navigation category on the left, then a sub folder or category from the menu on the right.

Customizing Mini Bridge

Dragging the divider bar gives more room to the Content Pod and less to the Navigation Pod.

The thumbnails are also a little too small to work with, but we can increase their size by dragging the thumbnail slider along the bottom of the Mini Bridge panel. The further you drag the slider towards the right, the larger the thumbnails appear:

Change the size of the image thumbnails using the slider below the Content Pod.

Selecting Grid Lock from the View menu in the bottom right corner of Mini Bridge.

The size of the thumbnails is now limited by the grid.

Use the Forward and Back icons to move back and forth through the thumbnail pages.

To make even more room for the thumbnails, you can turn off their file names and other information and display only the thumbnails themselves by selecting Show Thumbnail Only from the View menu:

Only the thumbnails themselves now appear.

Content Layouts

Four different layouts for the Content Pod are available from the View menu.

In the Filmstrip layout, the thumbnails appear in a single horizontal row that we can scroll through using the slider bar below them:

Filmstrip mode lets us scroll horizontally through the thumbnails like a filmstrip.

The As Details layout will display the thumbnails along with lots of information about them, like the date they were taken, the file size, file type, and so on. The As List layout will display them as a simple list, similar to how they would appear if you were viewing the contents of the folder with your computer’s operating system. I’ll switch back to the As Thumbnails layout.

Previewing Images

In Preview mode, the selected image expands to fill the Content area.

Mini Bridge also shares the same preview options as the full Adobe Bridge.

Selecting, Filtering And Sorting The Images

In the top right corner of the Content Pod are some options for selecting, filtering, and sorting the images. Starting from left to right, the Select icon gives us standard options for selecting and deselecting images and for showing or hiding certain files:

Use the Select menu to quickly select or deselect all images.

Next is the Filter icon, which lets us show or hide images based on the star rating or label we applied to them using the full version of Adobe Bridge:

Use the full version of Adobe Bridge to add ratings or labels to your images.

Choose from lots of diferent ways to sort the images inside the Content Pod.

Use the Tools menu for quick access to Photoshop features like Batch, Merge to HDR Pro or Photomerge.

Navigating Through Folders

In the top left corner of Mini Bridge, above the Navigation Pod, are some options that help us navigate easily through the folders on our computer. Use the Browse buttons to move back and forth through your folder browsing history, just as you would in your favorite web browser:

Use the Back (left arrow) and Forward (right arrow) icons to move back and forth through your browsing history.

The icon to the right of the Browse buttons lets us quickly jump to any parent folder, or to any recently viewed folder or file. It also gives us another way to access our Favorites:

Quickly jump to any parent folder, or any recently viewed folder or file.

The Path Bar

The Path Bar shows us the complete path to the folder we’re in, and lets us jump to any folder listed in the path.

Use the Panel View menu to show or hide the Path Bar, Navigation Pod or Preview Pod.

The Preview Pod

The Preview Pod appears to the right of the Navigation Pod, effectively cutting the width of the Navigation Pod in half, and displays a preview of the image that’s currently selected in the Content Pod. Problem is, the preview is too small to be of any real use, so it’s usually best to leave the Preview Pod turned off and let the Navigation Pod use up the space. As we saw earlier, a better way to preview images is with the Preview option in the bottom right corner of the Content Pod:

The Preview Pod is great at taking up space but not much else. Best to leave it off.

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