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Google Passkeys is a simpler but more robust replacement to the standard passwords and two-factor authentication we use today. It is tied to your Google account and will allow you to sign in to any app or website with the help of your fingerprint, face, PIN, or a pattern. Similar to how we unlock our smartphones.

Passkeys are cryptographic keys synced across your devices associated with the same Google account. These private keys are matched with the public keys held by apps and websites to confirm your identity. You can use your passkeys across multiple platforms as long as you are signed in with the same Google account.

You can use your passkey on a laptop even if it is not synced with your passkey. To do this, keep your phone near the laptop and approve the sign-in request. This will be a familiar process if you have ever tried signing in to your Google account on a new device.

In the same way, if your phone or laptop ever gets stolen, the malicious party will not have access to your fingerprint or face, which is required to use your passkeys.

They also protect you against phishing attacks since they can only be used with websites or apps that created them. If someone creates a fake sign-in page, it will not trigger your passkey. This is enough to help you understand that the website is not trustable.

Update: As of May 3rd, 2023, Google has rolled out the support for passkeys for all Google account users. For Google Workspace accounts, administrators will have to enable the Passkey. You can check Google’s official page for Passkey support across devices.

To replace your passwords with Google Passkeys, you must first enable the option for your Google account. Use the steps provided below to set up passkeys.

Step 2: Sign in with the Google account for which you want to activate passkeys.

Every time you try to sign into your Google account, you will be shown a prompt to authenticate the login with a Passkey.

Step 1: Visit chúng tôi the device that you want to add as a new passkey.

Step 2: Sign in with your Google account.

Step 6: You will be asked to enter your desktop PIN or password.

If you use a laptop with a fingerprint scanner, you will need to authenticate with your fingerprint to create a new passkey.

The browser will be added as a new passkey. So from now on, whenever you try to sign in to your account, you will be asked to authenticate with your computer PIN, password, or fingerprint.

Every new development in the field of technology offers a variety of improvements, but it is also not without its flaws. The same is the case with passkeys. Here are some pros and cons associated with using Google Passkeys.

An easier, safer alternative to using standard passwords.

You do not have to create and remember different passwords for every other service you use.

Protects your data from phishing attacks and data breaches, as the malicious party will not have access to your private keys.

Makes it easy to sign in to multiple devices across different platforms.

Passkey protocols are designed so that the same passkey is never used with other websites.

Users’ biometric information is never revealed to the website or the service.

Someone who knows the user’s PIN or pattern will be able to access all apps and services associated with that Google account.

Face authentication is not reliable and can be fooled with a picture or video of the user’s face.

If a user has created a passkey with their fingerprint and tries to sign into the same service on a PC, they will first have to authenticate it on their phone to sign in.

Passkeys are currently available for Windows, MacOS, and Android. Support for more devices, including iOS will be added later down the line. For Android, you need a device running Android version 9 or above.

According to Google, passkeys created on iOS or in Safari on macOS get stored in iCloud Keychain. Whereas passkeys you use in Google Chrome on Android are stored in the Google Password Manager.

Devices that are not added to the list of passkeys will show you a QR code prompt. You will need to scan the QR code with your Android device and then authenticate the login.

No. When you try to sign in to your Google account on a new Android device, you will be asked to enter the account password. Once you are signed in, the device will automatically get added as a passkey to your account.

Yes. When you create a new passkey on your desktop, the browser you are currently using will save the account passkey. So you will be able to use the passkey feature on that browser only. When you try to sign in to your Google account on another browser, you will be asked to sign in by scanning the QR code.

There are still some issues that need to be ironed out, but hopefully, they will get ironed out later down the line. Do let us know your opinions on passkey, and for more such articles and How-Tos, stay tuned on Browser To Use.


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What Are Apple Passkeys And How To Use Them

Are you tired of trying to keep track of all your online passwords? Or does the fear of being a victim of a phishing attack run through your head every time you log in to an application? If so, then Apple has some good news for you. Apple has eliminated the need for passwords with passkeys. In this guide, we cover what Apple passkeys are and how you can use them on a Mac, iPhone, and iPad.

What Are Apple Passkeys?

Before we dive into the anatomy of passkeys, let’s go over how traditional passwords work.

How Do Traditional Passwords Work?

When you register an account, you enter a username and password. The application’s (or website’s) server that you are logging in to stores this information. To log in to your account, you need to enter the username and password for the server to authenticate that it’s you who’s trying to gain access by matching the entered username and password with the stored credentials.

This is how we have been logging in to our accounts, and with the use of two-factor authentication, it has become quite secure. However, there are many points of failure when you log in with a password. For instance, you can be phished.

Tip: check out the best 2FA apps that will sync with multiple devices.

How Do Apple Passkeys Work?

Unlike regular passwords, where you enter a secret phrase and gain access to your accounts, passkeys do things a little differently. Instead of just having one secret phrase to log you in, passkeys require two secret phrases: one that is stored on your device and verifies your identity and another that’s stored on the application’s end that authenticates its legitimacy.

The secret key stored on your device is known as a private key, and the one stored on the application’s end is known as the public key. To log in to an application or website, your device will first check the application’s public key, and when it is verified, it will use the associated private key to authorize the sign-in.

All of this happens in the background, and you only have to verify your identity with Touch ID or Face ID. Since passkeys also verify the legitimacy of the application before using your secret key to log in, there is no chance of phishing or other hacking attempts.

Good to know: if you want to stay on top phishing and hacking attempts, you may need to change password, and maybe even your Apple ID.

Which Devices Support Passkeys?

Apple announced Passkeys for iOS 16, iPadOS 16, and macOS Ventura. If your device supports these updates, then you can use passkeys to log in. One thing to keep in mind is that passkeys are not Apple’s exclusive feature.

In fact, it was developed by the “FIDO (Fast IDentity Online) Alliance,” an open alliance of tech companies. They work to ensure that the reliance on passwords is decreased due to the threats they pose. It’s also a reason that another name for a passkey is FIDO authentication.

Google also announced that passkeys would be available in Android by the end of 2023 for developer testing. Windows will be getting support for passkey in the near future as well.

Tip: If you’re worried about your passwords in Google, learn how to use the Google password manager in Chrome.

How to Use Apple Passkeys on Your iPhone, iPad, and Mac How to Enable Passkeys on Mac

Follow these steps below to use Apple Passkeys on your Mac:

Toggle on “Keychain.”

When you enable iCloud Keychain, it may ask you to authorize with two-factor authentication. If you haven’t set up 2FA, you need to before enabling the Keychain.

How to Set Up Apple Passkeys on Mac

Apple has made the transition from old-school passwords to passkeys very seamless. It uses Autofill to type your information and Touch ID or Face ID for biometric verification. Follow the instructions below to create an Apple passkey:

Head to the website or application that supports FIDO authentication (or passkeys).

Enter your information or use Autofill to do it for you.

How to Enable Passkeys on iPhone or iPad

Before you start using passkeys to log in to applications or websites on your iPhone or iPad, you’ll need to make sure iCloud Keychain is enabled. Follow the steps below:

Open the settings app on your iPhone or iPad and scroll down to the “Passwords” menu.

Tap “Password Options.”

Make sure “Autofill Passwords” is turned on and enable “iCloud Passwords & Keychain” from the menu below.

After enabling iCloud Keychain, Apple will ask you to authorize this action with two-factor authentication. If you haven’t set up 2FA already, do that before you enable Keychain.

Good to know: Are you using an iPhone with Windows? Follow this tutorial to learn how to use your iCloud Keychain on Windows.

How to Set Up Apple Passkeys on iPhone or iPad

Whether you’re creating a new account on a site/application or upgrading a preexisting one to use a passkey, the transition is quite simple. The only catch is that the app or website needs to have official support for passkeys.

Follow these steps to create a passkey on iPhone or iPad:

Go to the application or website that supports Fido authentication (or passkeys).

Tap “Register,” “Sign in,” or “Sign up,” depending on the situation.

Enter your information or let Autofill do it for you.

After entering the information once, Apple will ask if you want to save a passkey for the site or application.

Tap “Continue” and Apple will verify this change by using Touch ID or Face ID.

FYI: did you forget your Apple Watch passcode? Learn how to reset your Apple Watch without it.

How to Recover Your Apple Passkey If You Lose Your Device

If you lose your device that has the passkey, you can use your other devices to sign in, as, again, the iCloud Keychain syncs passkeys across all Apple devices.

However, if you lose your only Apple device, you need to use the iCloud Keychain escrow to recover the passkey. iCloud Keychain escrow uses a secure infrastructure to ensure that only an authorized person recovers the lost passkey.

To recover your Apple passkey using another (or a new) Apple device (Mac, iPhone, or iPad):

Authenticate your identity by logging in to your iCloud account. If the device is not trusted, you may also receive an authentication SMS on your trusted phone number that you will have to enter before you’re logged in to your iCloud account.

Enter your device’s password.

Your passkeys will now be restored to the new device after verification.

Note that you only have 10 attempts to authenticate your identity, after which, iCloud will permanently delete the escrow and Keychain records. This security measure provides protection against a brute-force attack.

Tip: Learn how to make Safari on iOS save your passwords.

Frequently Asked Questions Can Apple read the passkeys?

Apple cannot read the passkeys, as they are stored in the iCloud Keychain. Along with being synced across all of your Apple devices, they are also end-to-end encrypted.

Are passkeys a complete replacement for all online passwords?

Even though passkeys have the potential to completely replace all online passwords, they require some serious changes from the websites and applications to create and share the public keys. However, once a website or application has added FIDO support, you can use passkeys as a sign-in option.

Image credit: Unsplash. All screenshots by Hashir Ibrahim.

Hashir Ibrahim

With over two years of in-depth experience working in technical fields, Hashir is a master content creator who loves writing about Mac and iOS at major tech publications on the internet like MakeUseOf and MakeTechEasier. Hashir spends his free time boxing and designing his business.

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How To Use Accessibility Features In Google Chrome? – Webnots

Technology may be an exciting experience but not always for some people, especially those with disabilities. Accessibility features such as keyboard access, magnification and screen readers are tools designed to help disabled people to use technology more easily. Google Chrome supports several accessibility features to accommodate users with limited abilities. Moreover, Chrome accessibility features help you to customize your browsing environment to your ideal preferences. This article will show you how you can use some of these features in your Chrome browser.

How to Use Accessibility Features in Google Chrome?

Adjust zoom level

Customize font settings

Keyboard access features

Using Chrome accessibility extensions

Resetting to defaults

Chrome with Windows accessibility

Use Chrome with Mac

Chrome on mobile devices

1. Page Zoom Adjustment

This feature helps to adjust the page zoom level of the current active page.

If you browse without the mouse, you can use the keyboard shortcuts to make the changes:

Increase zoom level by pressing “Ctrl + +” keys.

Decrease zoom level by pressing “Ctrl + -” keys.

“Ctrl + 0” to restore the default zoom level.

“F11” function key for full screen display.

The above method works only on the currently opened webpage and you need to set the zoom level every time. Don’t worry, Chrome also allows you to setup the page zoom level permanently for all the pages.

Go to “chrome://settings” URL and navigate to “Appearance” section.

Now close all open windows and relaunch the browser.

You will see the zoom level is set as per your preference.

Remember, website content may look different at higher zoom level. For example, with horizontal scroll bar. You need to set the level for your eye convenience and for your monitor display.

2. Customizing Font Size and Face

Similar to page zoom level, you can setup the fonts for your reading.

Open Chrome and navigate to “Chrome Menu” and select “Settings” options at the bottom of the menu list.

On the “Settings” page, scroll down and check under “Appearance” section.

Select the “Font size” from the dropdown. Chrome recommends medium level, you can choose large or small as per your convenience.

Modify the font face, size and width to your taste and exit the “Settings” page.

3. Keyboard Access Features

Google Chrome supports full-keyboard accessibility for users who are unable to use pointing devices such as mouse. Some of the navigation keyboard shortcuts:

Use “Shift + Alt + B” to focus the “Bookmarks” bar, then use the “Right or Left” arrow or “Tab” to move across the tool bar.

Press “Shift + Alt + T” to focus the “Main Toolbar”.

Press “F10 or Alt” key to focus on the chrome menu icon and hit “Enter” to expand the menu.

Other helpful navigation shortcuts include:

Shift from the current tab to the next by pressing “Ctrl + Tab” keys.

Close the current tab with “Ctrl + W” keys.

“Ctrl + 1-8” and “Ctrl + 9” to switch to the specified tab number and to the last tab respectively.

“Ctrl + N” to open a new browser window.

Check out more Chrome shortcuts to get your work done quickly.

4. Using Chrome Accessibility Extensions

You can also download and install Chrome Accessibility features.

Type “chrome://settings/accessibility” in the browser address bar and hit enter.

Long Description in Context Menu.

High Contrast.

Color Enhancer.

You may search for more extensions using the search box and install on your browser.

After installing necessary extensions, close the tab and continue browsing.

5. Resetting Google Chrome

When you play around with options on Chrome, it is easy to reset some of the options back to original settings. However, options like font customizations cannot be reverted to the original settings if you do not remember. Fortunately, Chrome allows resetting the browser to default settings.

Go to “chrome://settings”.

Again, scroll down to end of the page.

6. Using Chrome with Windows Accessibility Features

Besides the accessibility features available on Chrome, you can also use the accessibility features available on your computer to enhance the browsing experience. If you use Windows 10 PC, search “PC Settings” from the Windows search box and hit enter to open the Windows settings app. Then select the “Ease of Access” options.

On the left-side panel, select narrator. Toggle on the “Narrator” switch on the right-hand panel and then scroll down to modify other settings to your preference.

Once you have activated the Windows accessibility features, close the settings screen.

Open Google Chrome and starting browsing. The Windows accessibility features will now be active in Chrome.

You can also access “Ease of Access Center” from “Control Panel” and activate the necessary settings on your PC.

7. Using Mac Accessibility Features with Chrome

In addition you can also use other settings like dark mode and night shift to adjust the screen dark or dim compared to light grey. Also you can setup accent colors to easily view the dropdown and title bar.

8. On Mobile Phones

Chrome does not offer any accessibility features on iOS or Android mobile apps. However, you can use the accessibility feature settings available on your phone’s operating system. For example, iPhone with iOS allows you to setup zoom level, smart typing, invert colors, filter colors, etc. You can setup zoom window and see the typed letters in zoom mode using smart typing.

Wrap Up

There are various ways to use the accessibility features in Chrome to enhance usability for users with disabilities. These features can also be useful to customize your browsing experience even when you do not have any visual or hearing challenges. In addition, remember to try out the features on your computer or mobile device to have what you want.

How To Number Google Results In Firefox And Google Chrome

We scan through Google Results daily, sometimes even hourly. Having Google results numbered helps a lot in understanding where your (or your competitor’s) page scores.

With Google changing its SERPs so often, it is essential to be aware of several tools that would number Google SERPs for you.

Understanding the Limitations

When you number Google results, you should know what to expect and what not. All of the browser addons and extensions that number Google results have a few limitations in common:

They all number indented results incorrectly: showing it going next to the main listing (which is not always true);

They all number universal (blended) search results which interferes in the normal SERPs order.

And of course, when numbering results (to check your positions) be sure to take into account the fact that your results are personalized (be sure to disable personalization).

Number Google Results: FireFox

There are a number of alternative addons and Greasemonkey scripts allowing you to number Google search results. My most recent discovery (which I was pleased to have found) is this script called Tuned Google SERPs.

The script fine-tunes Google search results in a number of ways including:

Adding numbers to SERPs;

Displaying Google “Text-only” link to each listing;

Marking websites which you had placed to “linksUnderTheSupervision” list.

Numbering works pretty well:

Does numbering work with Google Instant on? – No

Does numbering work for more than 10 results (when you default up to 100 results per page)? – Yes!

Another pretty reliable alternative is this addon which, in terms of numbering, works pretty well:

Does numbering work with Google Instant on? – Yes!

Does numbering work for more than 10 results (when you default up to 100 results per page)? – Yes!

Number Google Results: Google Chrome

This extension does pretty good job numbering Google search results in Google Chrome.

Does numbering work with Google Instant on? – No

Does numbering work for more than 10 results (when you default up to 100 results per page)? – Yes!

Happy numbering!

What Are Zoom Apps And How To Use Them

From the start, Zoom has focused on being the perfect video calling solution for individuals and businesses. It was the first to make the service accessible for millions of free users and has managed to grow its user base month-over-month. 

Now, with considerable experience under its belt, Zoom is focusing to make the video calling experience even more engrossing for businesses and working professionals and is aiming to do so with the help of Zoom Apps. Today, we’ll take a quick look at what Zoom Apps are and tell you how to get them.

Related: What is Personal Meeting ID in Zoom and How to Change it

What are Zoom Apps? 

Zoom Apps are newly introduced functional tools that allow you and your team to launch important work applications right from the Zoom meeting window. The feature is meant to make Zoom more inviting for users, allowing them to carry out a bunch of tasks without actually leaving the application. 

With the help of Zoom tools, you can turn yourself into a cartoon, share important files, host or participate in a brainstorming session, create tasks, chat with your colleagues, and even get some much-needed exercise. Apps make Zoom a lot more complete than before, as you will have access to all of these activities — that are unrelated to Zoom — from the application screen itself.

Since Zoom Apps are still in their early days, you might not find all the apps you use on the Zoom Store yet. However, if the concept takes off, more and more developers are expected to join the bandwagon. 

Related: How to Fix Zoom Black Screen Issue on Windows 10

Are Zoom Apps similar to Apps in Microsoft Teams?

In a way, Zoom Apps do resemble the apps we’re familiar with in Microsoft Teams. However, unlike Microsoft Teams, Zoom is incorporating the tools directly into the video conferencing window. Teams, as you might know, has a separate space — Channels — that houses these apps, allowing you to interact with them freely. At the end of the day, both applications are doing their bit to make third-party essentials available through them, hoping to keep more users hooked to their service. 

Related: How To Add Pronouns to Zoom

Are Zoom Apps available to free users?

‘Apps’ is a newly incorporated service on Zoom, which should help the company reel in more users. And, of course, they do not want to make the free users feel left out of the new Zoom experience. So, as of now, Zoom Apps are available for both free and paid users. All you need is a free Zoom account, and you should get the option to add and use Zoom apps in meetings. 

Related: Does Zoom Notify About the Apps Installed on Your PC or Phone? 

How to get Zoom Apps

Now that you know what Zoom apps are and their purpose, let’s get down to adding them to Zoom.

Through the standard Zoom interface

Since you haven’t added any apps yet, you’ll need to go to the ‘Discover’ tab.

Zoom will launch the browser and take you to its authentication page. Enter your credentials and then authorize the app to appear in Zoom meetings.

The app would be added and appear under the ‘My Apps’ apps. 

Through the meeting window

If all goes according to plan, you would have the Zoom application available to you inside the meeting window. 

Related: 6 Ways to Update Drivers on Windows 11

How to use Zoom Apps

You can use Zoom apps in one of two ways, and we will take a look at both in this section. 

Through Apps

Now, go to the ‘My Apps’ tab.

The app sidebar would be closed immediately. 

Through Zoom meeting window

Related: Zoom Limit: Maximum Participants, Call Duration, And More

How to uninstall Zoom Apps

Zoom Apps are excellent tools to keep the meeting attendees engaged, but too many applications will not do anyone any favors. So, when you feel a little overwhelmed with the selection of applications you have at your disposal, you must find a way to uninstall the applications. Here is how you can uninstall Zoom apps without breaking a sweat. 

Through Zoom client

Now, go to the ‘My Apps’ tab.

This would take you to the Zoom Apps Marketplace on your default browser. Here, you will find all the applications you have downloaded and installed so far. On the right of the application, adjacent to the application details, you will find an ‘Uninstall’ button.

The app would be uninstalled immediately. 

Through App Marketplace

Alternatively, you could skip going through the Zoom desktop client and go straight to the installed app section of the Zoom marketplace: chúng tôi The link would take you straight to the list of applications you have installed on Zoom. On the right of an application, you’ll find the ‘Uninstall’ button.

We recommend unchecking the option.

Can you use Zoom Apps on your mobile?

As of now, Zoom Apps are not available on the mobile client. Since the whole thing revolves around simultaneous viewing, the limited screen real estate might hamper the overall user experience. Also, mobile devices aren’t yet equipped to handle the workload of third-party applications inside Zoom, but we could see some interpretation of the feature in the future. 

Why can’t you access Zoom Apps?

Zoom Apps not only allow you to be more productive, but they also open up, new, fun ways of interacting with other meeting participants. However, the newly introduced feature might not yet be available to all, mainly because of the reasons we will discuss below. 

You’re not running the latest version

If you cannot see the feature for some reason, first, make sure you are running the latest version of the Zoom application on your computer. Older versions — released before the last week of July 2023 — will not have the Apps tab at the top. 

If yes, it will be installed right away. 

The account administrator has turned off the setting

The administrator of your organization has a considerable degree of control over your Zoom account. And they can very easily restrict the access of Apps during a Zoom meeting. So, if you are already running the latest version of Zoom, it makes perfect sense to have a chat with your account administrator. Chances are, they have restricted your account from accessing the Apps section. 

What are the downsides of Zoom apps?

As we have discussed, Zoom Apps are meant to keep Zoomers occupied, to make them as efficient as possible during meetings. The new Apps can improve team bonding, aid communication, and help teams express their ideas as freely as possible. While all of these things might come off as rewarding and encouraging, the new feature may invite more Zoom fatigue. 

Since the new apps aim to give a feeling of escapism, it will not be unusual for users to spend hours on them, which could be draining, both mentally and physically. So, the best course of action would to be limit exposure and use Zoom Apps in moderation — for crucial tasks and limited interactions. For everything else, closing Zoom and doing them physically would be key. 


How To Enable Material Designs In Google Chrome.

Google has recently started releasing its new Material Design look for a good portion of its services, from Chrome OS, Chrome browser, to Youtube. Not all of these services are currently up and running yet, however, the ones that are can be turned on manually. So if you would like to make a few changes to the look and layout of your Chrome experience, this guide will show you how to enable them manually.  

How to Open and Read Messages in Facebook Messenger Without Them Showing as Seen.

The changes to some of the Material Design aspects of Google Chrome are disabled by default, meaning the new design layouts for some of the functions are completely hidden behind their old outdated faces. If you would like to get your hands on some of the new interfaces that are waiting, doing so is quite simple, although, isn’t something you would probably ever find on your own.

How to Manually Enable the New Google Chrome Material Designs.

For the time being though, as of writing, there are only 5 new Material Designs available to be activated. They are listed below.






Each one of the above must be activated individually, meaning you will have to spend a little time doing so, although it’s not all that much work. It’s also worth noting that if you do not like the new look you can always revert back to the old one by disabling the feature.

The first Material design we are going to change is the Extensions page, so open Chrome and a new tab, then enter the following address: chrome://flags/#enable-md-extensions into the address bar. (Feel free to cut and paste it from here to save yourself some time)

If you have entered the text correctly, you will see a newly highlighted option selected, just change the option from Disabled to Enabled. Once you have flipped the option to enabled, you will need to save the changes at the bottom, then Restart Chrome. Next time you open Chrome the extension page will have a new look and layout.

In order to change the other four remaining Material designs, you will need to enter the same address as above, however, this time changing the ending, for example, the previous address was:



The new address should look like this.

As you can see, only the ending changes to either one of the 5 options listed above. Once entered correctly, you can enable the new Material Design in the same way as the first extensions one. Just remember if you do not like the new layout or you find it confusing, you can always just use the same address to go back to the settings page and disable it.

It’s probably worth noting though, that at some stage Google will enable all of these new Material Designs as default, so there is no point hiding from the future, you might as well embrace it. Personally, I think the new interfaces make things a lot more simple, especially the changes to the extensions page

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