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Many users find printing from the Chrome browser essential, but the ‘Unable to Print from Chrome Browser’ issue can be a real headache.

To fix unable to Print from Google Chrome, you can check whether the Printer is connected to your computer, restart your Printer and computer, update the Printer driver, disable browser extensions and so on.

Continue reading to learn about the most common reasons you might be unable to Print from Chrome and a few quick fixes.

Why Can’t I Print From Chrome Browser?

Undoubtedly, most of us are familiar with the Google Chrome browser and its features through which you can directly Print webpages.

Many users have reported getting Aw-Snap! while trying to Print from Google Chrome.

It happens when the Chrome page won’t load and detect the problem.

The message does not specify what went wrong, but this error usually indicates a problem with your browser extensions or anti-virus software.

Here are some of the common reasons for not being able to Print from Chrome;

Outdated Chrome browser

Cache memory on Chrome

Corrupted browser

Misconfigured settings

Connection lost between Printer and computer

Outdated Printer driver

Corrupted Print spooler driver

Unable To Print From Chrome? Here Are 10 Easy Solutions

Here are ten quick solutions if you are unable to Print from Chrome.

Without further ado, let us go over each fix in detail.

1. Check the Connection Between the Printer and the Computer

The most important thing to check is the connection between your Printer and the computer.

You can either look at the physical connection or use the system print dialog to check the connection.

Follow these steps to check the connection using the system print dialog.

Press the Ctrl+Shift+P keyboard shortcut anywhere inside the Chrome browser.

A new window will pop up. Check the Select Printer section to see if your Printer is listed.

If you can not find your Printer in the Select Printer section, try restarting your Printer.

Sometimes turning the Printer off and back on may solve the problem. Here is how you can restart your Printer:

Turn off the Printer by pressing the Power button on the left side of the Printer.

Unplug the power supply from the socket.

Unplug every connection from the Printer.

Plug in every connection and press the Power button in your Printer again.

2. Remove Printers You Do Not Use

If you have connected more than one Printer on your PC, there might be issues while printing a file from Chrome.

To avoid this, you can remove the extra Printers that are not in use.

The steps below will guide you through removing the extra Printer;

Press the Win+I shortcut to launch Settings.

Choose the unnecessary Printers from Add a Printer or scanner section.

3. Clear the Browser’s Cache Memory

Cache memory stored on your browser may contain corrupted files. Such files may prevent you from printing from the Google Chrome browser.

Follow the steps below to clear the cache memory;

 Select the All Time in the Time range option and check the option Cookies and other site data and Cached images and files.

4. Reset Chrome Browser to Default Settings

A recent application installation might sometimes change the configuration and create a problem while launching the Printer service on Chrome.

You can reset the Google Chrome browser to its default settings.

Follow the steps outlined below;

Launch Google Chrome on your PC.

Type the  chrome://settings/reset path on the search bar of Chrome.

5. Uninstall and Re-install Chrome

Uninstalling and re-installing Chrome helps you to fix unable to Print from Chrome issue.

Follow the steps below to uninstall and re-install Chrome;

Press Win+R to open the run utility and enter chúng tôi in the box.

Scroll down and find Google Chrome.

Download and install Chrome again.

Finally, check whether the issue persists after using a new version of  Google Chrome.

6. Run Troubleshooter on Your PC

The Windows troubleshooter can help you resolve the issue of being unable to Print from Chrome.

Follow the steps below to run the troubleshooter on your PC.

Press the Win+I shortcut to launch Settings.

You will see a drop-down menu from which you can select the appropriate option.

After running the troubleshooter, check to see if the problem has been resolved.

7. Repair Print Spooler Service

Print Spooler Service is a software built into the Windows operating system that manages and handles all the user interaction with the Printer connected.

If the spooler service is disabled or corrupted, your Printer might not work.

Follow these steps to restart the Print Spooler Service.

Press the Win+R shortcut to open the run utility and type chúng tôi to open the Windows Service.

After restarting, launch the Print Service on Google Chrome and check whether the issue persists.

Furthermore, if the Print Spooler is corrupted or unstable, you might face printing issues on Google Chrome.

Follow these steps to repair the Print Spooler Driver.

Go to the Start menu and search for the cmd.

Enter DISM.exe/Online/Cleanup-image/Restorehealth on the cmd window, and press Enter from the keyboard.

After completing the operation, you can initiate the System file checker tool.

Next, type sfc/scannow command in the window and press Enter on the keyboard.

After the completion of the process, close the Command prompt.

Finally, reboot your computer.

After the process is complete, check to see if the printing problem has been resolved.

Note: The Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe) command tool is used to service and prepare Windows Images and to repair Windows Installation Media.

The outdated Printer driver may also prevent you from printing on Chrome. Therefore, you need to update your Printer driver regularly.

Follow the steps below to update your Printer driver;

Press the Win+R shortcut to open the run utility and type chúng tôi to open Device manager.

Check to see if the problem has been resolved.

Continue reading to find out why printers are so unreliable.

9. Check for the Antivirus

Sometimes the anti-virus software on your PC can prevent you from printing files on Google Chrome, primarily when you use the wireless Printer.

The best thing you can do is disable the anti-virus software and check whether the issue is resolved.

Follow the steps below to disable the anti-virus software;

Press the Home button and type Windows Security. 

Select the Windows Security App.

Turn off the Real-time protection under virus and threat protection settings.

10. Tweak Temporary Folder Permission

Due to incorrect permission on the temporary folder, you may be unable to Print from Google Chrome.

As a result, you can change the permission of the temporary folder to resolve the issue.

Follow the steps below to resolve the issue;

Press Win+E to open the file explorer on your PC.

Select Local under Appdata.

Choose the Properties option from the drop-down menu.

After completing the process, reboot your PC and check whether the issue is resolved.

11. Disable Unused Extension

If printing from Chrome is not working, ensure that any unused extensions in your browser are disabled.

Some extensions, such as ad blockers or privacy tools, can cause such issues.

You can try printing from Chrome Incognito mode if an extension or settings in your Google Chrome browser cause the problem.

Moreover, follow the steps below to disable unused extensions;

Select the Remove from Chrome option.

12. Try Printing From Another Browser

Alternatively, you can use another browser, such as Opera, Mozilla Firefox, etc., if you frequently face printing issues on Google Chrome.

Read on to learn why your Canon printer is not printing in color and how to fix it.

The Bottom Line

In summary, the inability to Print from Chrome is caused by an outdated driver, malware and cache, an outdated browser, and other Chrome-related settings.

However, with the above-mentioned quick fixes, you should be able to Print from Google Chrome easily.

But, before attempting to Print, ensure that everything is configured correctly.

Read More: Why is There a Number on My Google Chrome?

Frequently Asked Questions Why is a Print Option Not Visible in Chrome?

If the print option is not visible in Google Chrome, you can directly open the print window with keyboard shortcuts.

Press Ctrl+P on your keyboard to open the print window.

Why is Chrome Not Printing PDFs?

In some cases, corrupt data prevents you from printing PDFs from Google Chrome.

You can try clearing the browser’s cache, updating the browser etc., to enable printing PDFs from Chrome.

Why is my Mac Not Letting me Print?

Your Mac may prevent you from printing for various reasons, including multiple connected printers, outdated drivers, and incorrectly configured settings.

First of all, try all the troubleshooting techniques mentioned above. You can also try resetting the printing system on your Mac.

Continue reading to find out if you can put the Printer on the floor.

You're reading Unable To Print From Chrome? Here Are 10 Easy Solutions

Steam Unable To Verify Email Address? Here Are Fixes!

Are you unable to verify your email address on Steam? Several users have complained that Steam is unable to verify their email addresses. While creating a new user account on Steam, the final step is to verify your email address which is mandatory. For that, Steam sends a verification mail to the registered email ID. You just need to open the verification mail and press the VERIFY MY EMAIL ADDRESS button within the mail to verify your email address.

However, some users said that they didn’t receive the verification mail from Steam. While a lot of users reported they keep getting an error message when they tap on the verification option. The error message is as follows:

There was a problem verifying your email address

This issue could be a result of different factors. It might be the case that you have provided the wrong email address in case you haven’t received the verification mail. Or, the mail might have arrived in your Spam folder. Another reason could be that your internet is not working fine which is why the verification process is interrupted. It can also be caused if the Steam servers are down currently.

Steam unable to verify email address

If Steam is unable to verify your email address on Windows PC, you can use these fixes to resolve this issue:

Ensure that you have used the correct email address.

Test your internet connection.

Check the verification email in your Spam folder.

Make sure Steam servers are not down.

Register with a different email address.

Contact the Steam Support team.

1] Ensure that you have used the correct email address

If you have entered the incorrect email address, you won’t get the verification mail as Steam would be sending the verification mail to the wrong email address. And thus, it won’t be able to verify your email address. Hence, make sure you have entered the right email address to which you have access.

If you have entered the correct email address, use the next potential fix to resolve the Steam unable to verify email address issue.

2] Test your internet connection

You also need to ensure that you are connected to a stable and active internet connection. A laggy or unstable internet connection can also interrupt the verification process. Or, there might be disconnection issues with your internet. Hence, check your network connection and make sure you are well connected to the internet. You can also power cycle your networking device and reconnect to the internet to see if the issue is resolved.

In case the problem is not with your internet connection, move on to the next fix.

3] Check the verification email in your Spam folder

There is a possibility that the verification mail to verify your email address from Steam has arrived in your Spam folder. This happens when an email provider (like Gmail, Yahoo, etc.) flags the email as spam. Hence, do check your Spam folder on your email account and see if there is a verification mail from Steam. If there is, open it and verify your email address.

In case there is no verification mail from Steam in your Spam folder, apply the next fix.

Read: FATAL ERROR: Failed to connect with local Steam Client process.

4] Make sure Steam servers are not down

Steam servers that are responsible for verifying email addresses might be down at the moment. Thus, you cannot verify your email address. Hence, do check the current status of Steam servers and make sure all the services are up and running. To do that, you can use a free server status checker tool like DownDetector, IsItDownRightNow, etc. If you find out that Steam servers are down currently, wait for some time until the issue is fixed from their end.

See: Fix Game Controller not working in Steam

5] Register with a different email address

6] Contact the Steam Support team

If nothing works, we recommend you contact the official support team of Steam to resolve this issue. You can visit the Steam support page and submit a ticket regarding the email verification issue. The team will get back to you and help you fix the problem.

Read: Steam Games not launching or opening on Windows

Does Gmail work with Steam?

Yes, Gmail works absolutely with Steam. You can register a Steam account using a Gmail address. Just enter a Gmail ID and other sign-up details, verify your Gmail account, and then you will be able to log in to Steam.

Can you have 2 Steam accounts on one email?

Now read: Steam Service Error: Steam Service requires some maintenance.

Wifi Not Showing Up In Windows 11? Here Are 10 Easy Fixes!

Some users are facing weird issues with Microsoft’s new desktop OS, including no sound output on Windows 11 and consistent 100% disk usage after upgrading to Windows 11. And now, we are also seeing reports that the WiFi is not showing up for some users in Windows 11, even though Ethernet works fine and drivers are up-to-date. So what could be the reason behind this issue, and how can you fix the WiFi problem on Windows 11? Well, we have put together a cohesive guide to fix the network issue, especially if the WiFi icon is missing from your Windows 11 installation. So without any delay, let’s go through this tutorial.

Best Tips to Fix WiFi Not Showing Up in Windows 11 (2023)

In this guide, we have offered ten different ways to fix your WiFi woes on Windows 11. If WiFi is not showing up in Windows 11, fret not, as you can get it working in no time with some software tweaks. You can expand the table below and check out the solutions at your own pace.

1. Enable the WiFi Adapter

If the WiFi is not showing up in Windows 11, it’s most likely because the WiFi adapter has been disabled for some reason. To bring back the WiFi icon, follow the steps below.

1. First, press the nifty Windows 11 keyboard shortcut “Windows + R” to open a Run window. Here, type chúng tôi and hit Enter. This will open the Network Connections window.

2. Ensure Airplane Mode is Disabled

2. You can also use “Windows + I” to open Windows Settings and move to the “Network and Internet” settings from the left sidebar to disable the “Airplane mode” toggle if it’s on.

3. Apart from that, there might be a dedicated key on your keyboard to enable/ disable Airplane mode. It’s generally available above the 2, 3 number keys. Hit that dedicated button once, and the Airplane mode will be disabled.

3. Modify the WLAN AutoConfig Service

When you boot up your Windows 11 PC, it also starts a ton of services in the background, including the WLAN AutoConfig service, which is responsible for the WiFi service. In case it’s disabled, the WiFi service won’t kick in, and the WiFi icon will not show up in Windows 11. So to fix this, we need to change some key settings in the WLAN AutoConfig service. Here is how to do it.

1. Open the Run window by pressing the “Windows + R” shortcut. Type in chúng tôi and hit Enter. It will open the Services window.

If the wireless connection is still now showing up on your Windows 11 PC after following the above methods, the issue likely stems from the WiFi driver. We already have a dedicated guide on how to update the WiFi driver in Windows, but let’s see how it works on Windows 11.

5. Uninstall and Reinstall WiFi Driver

In case the above method didn’t work for you, the next best solution is to uninstall and reinstall the WiFi driver. Let’s look at how you can do that:

3. Finally, restart your computer. After booting up, Windows 11 will automatically install the WiFi driver, and the issue should be fixed.

6. Network Reset

Now, if your WiFi connection in Windows 11 is not working, even after updating the network drivers, you can reset the network settings and see whether it fixes the issue. Follow the steps below to learn how it works.

5. In the Command Prompt window, execute the below commands one by one. After that, reboot your Windows 11 PC and see if WiFi has been turned on.

netsh winsock reset ipconfig /release ipconfig /renew ipconfig /flushdns 7. Broadcast SSID

If WiFi is showing up on your Windows 11 PC, but a particular WiFi network (access point) is not appearing, perhaps it’s something to do with your router rather than your PC. In such cases, you could check the router configuration page and enable the SSID broadcasting feature.

1. First, I would recommend restarting the router once to see if the WiFi network appears on your Windows 11 PC. If that does not work, switch to a device connected to the WiFi network. Or, you can connect your PC to the router using an Ethernet cable.

4. Now, log in to the router with the default credentials. You can take a look at the backside of the router to find the default credentials.

8. Run Network Troubleshooter

Windows 11 has a built-in troubleshooter to fix the various internet connection issues, and it works well. If none of the above methods helped you fix the problem, try running the network troubleshooter.

1. First, press the Windows key once and type “troubleshoot“. After that, open “Troubleshoot settings”.

4. Follow the on-screen instructions and answer a few queries, and Windows 11 will try to fix the WiFi issue on its own.

9. Ensure WiFi Icon Is Enabled via Group Policy

If the WiFi icon has disappeared from the Action Center or the Taskbar on Windows 11, it might be because of an erroneous modification in the Group Policy. Group Policy lets you configure key policies as to how your PC will run. While Windows 11 Pro users can easily access the Group Policy Editor, Windows 11 Home users need to enable Group Policy Editor manually. Follow our linked guide, written for Windows 10 Home users, but it will work for Windows 11 too. Having enabled it, follow the steps below.

1. Press “Windows + R” to open the Run window. Here, type chúng tôi and hit Enter. It will open the Group Policy Editor.

3. Now, select “Disabled” on the top-left corner and press “OK”. Finally, restart your PC, and the WiFi icon will appear in the Windows 11 Action Center.

If WiFi is still not working for you, then, at last, you need to clean install Windows 11. As it will be a clean install with no incompatible drivers, chances are it will resolve the issue for you. You can head over to our detailed guide linked above to fix the issue instantly.

[SOLVED] Fix WiFi Icon Disappeared in Windows 11

Bluetooth Not Working In Windows 11? Here Are The 10 Best Fixes!

As users are upgrading from Windows 10 to Windows 11, all sorts of issues have started to crop up. From no sound issue in Windows 11 to high disk usage even on the latest build of Windows 11, the problems just don’t seem to end. Now, we are getting reports that Bluetooth has stopped working for some users in Windows 11. In some cases, the Bluetooth icon is missing, while other users are unable to send or receive files using Bluetooth. If you are in the same boat and Bluetooth is not working for you in Windows 11, don’t worry, as we have you covered. Follow our guide and fix all Bluetooth-related connectivity issues instantly.

Fix Bluetooth Not Working in Windows 11 (2023)

In this tutorial, we have added 10 ways to resolve Bluetooth problems on Windows 11. Expand the table below to find the list of all solutions and check out any method you want.

1. Add Bluetooth to Action Center

Most of the time, the Bluetooth is working fine, but its icon disappears from the Action Center, and it gives us an impression that Bluetooth is not working. If that’s the case, you can easily add Bluetooth to the Action Center. Here is how to do it.

3. Here, you can add “Bluetooth” to the Action Center.

2. Turn on/off Airplane Mode

If Bluetooth is now working on your Windows 11 PC, an easy fix would be to turn on the Airplane mode and turn it off again. It will disable and then enable all the radio devices on your device, including WiFi, Bluetooth, etc. Here is how to do it.

2. After a few seconds, turn it off. Then, check if Bluetooth is showing on your Windows 11 computer, and you can connect your wireless devices or not.

3. Make Sure Bluetooth is Discoverable

Now there’s a possibility that Bluetooth is enabled on your Windows 11 computer, but you are unable to connect your PC to accessories or your smartphone to set up the Your Phone app. It could be because your PC’s status is not set as “Discoverable” and other devices cannot see your PC. Other devices won’t be able to connect to your Windows 11 PC if it’s not discoverable. To fix that, follow the steps below:

4. Restart Bluetooth Services

If Bluetooth is not working in Windows 11 even after adding the toggle to the Action Center, you should restart the Bluetooth services. This will force-enable Bluetooth on your Windows 11 PC. Follow the instructions below.

1. Press “Windows + R” to open the Run prompt. Here, type chúng tôi and hit Enter to open the Services window.

2. Under the Services window, locate the three Bluetooth-related services: Bluetooth Audio Gateway Service, Bluetooth Support Service, and Bluetooth User Support Service.

If Bluetooth is still not working in Windows 11, you need to update its drivers to the latest version. Do note that you will need an internet connection to update Bluetooth drivers automatically. With that said, let’s see how you can update the Bluetooth driver:

2. In the Device Manager window, you will find a “Bluetooth” section. Now, expand it and look for the Bluetooth adapter. It should be something on the lines of Realtek, Broadcom, or Intel. If Bluetooth is not showing up on the list, move to the 6th method of this guide. You can now manually add the Bluetooth device here.

5. In case the Device Manager does not find a new update, I suggest installing a third-party driver tool in Windows 11. It will look for the latest driver from the manufacturer’s website directly and offer you a seamless way to install it.

6. Re-install Bluetooth Driver

If Bluetooth is not working even after updating to the latest driver, try uninstalling the device. Here’s how that works:

2. Next, choose “Uninstall” from the pop-up prompt.

7. Change Power Management Settings

Sometimes, Windows 11 disables some of the radio devices to save power. In such cases, we need to modify the power management settings so that Windows 11 does not put Bluetooth to sleep.

8. Fix for Bluetooth Not Showing in Device Manager

For some users, Bluetooth does not even show up in Device Manager due to some issues. If you are also facing the same issue, follow the steps below to add your Bluetooth device to the Device Manager.

2. Next, open “Action” and choose “Add legacy hardware“.

4. Now, scroll down and look for “Network adapters“.

9. Run Fsquirt.exe

Fsquirt.exe is a system program in Windows 11 that is responsible for handling the Bluetooth user interface. If nothing seems to work out, you can manually run this program and check if you can send and receive files through Bluetooth. Here is how to go about it.

10. Run Bluetooth Troubleshooter

It may seem like a general solution, but the troubleshooter in Windows 11 works well and often fixes most issues. Microsoft has put in a lot of effort to seamlessly resolve major issues arising on your PC. Here is how to use the Bluetooth troubleshooter in Windows 11.

4. It will run the Bluetooth troubleshooter, detect the issues and fix any Bluetooth-related problems you are facing on your Windows 11 PC.

Bluetooth Missing in Windows 11? Resolve It Right Now

How To Clear Chrome Cache On Mac In 6 Easy Steps

If you’ve been using Google Chrome daily, you might be aware of the storage that keeps piling up and taking up an exponential amount of space on your Mac. Clearing these files on a regular basis is essential for maintaining optimal browser performance and protecting privacy. This guide will walk you through the process of clearing Chrome cache, history, and cookies on your Mac. Let’s get started.

Importance of clearing cache, history, and cookies on Mac

However, before jumping into the process, it’s vital to be aware of the terms.

Cache: Every content that has been previously accessed, like web pages, images, and online streaming services, acts out as cache memory. This data is locally stored in your browser’s memory, thereby leading to slower performance.

History: It can be referenced as a logbook that keeps track of your activities. The record of your internet presence might come in handy for future preference but is extremely volatile too. Your browser history can reveal a ton of sensitive information and compromise privacy.

Cookies: Unlike its name, cookies are used to keep track of user behavior across multiple websites. It contains crucial information like login credentials, preferences, and much more. While cookies provide a personalized experience, they are equipped with tracking information.

You must realize that these files are temporary and will not affect your browsing experience. On the contrary, clearing this temporary data will reduce the risk of ID theft and keep cyber-attacks at bay.

How to delete cache, history, and cookies in Chrome on Mac

A small menu will appear on your screen, allowing you to completely remove Cache, History, and Cookies from your browser.

In a few seconds, your web browser will be cleared of every piece of information ever stored in your device.

Advanced options to clear Chrome data on Mac

Upon accessing the interface for Clearing browsing data, you can shift to the Advanced option feature.

Time range: Access the drop-down menu to select the duration for which you desire to clear out data.

Browsing History: This feature signifies your search history categorized according to your day-to-day activities.

Download History: It keeps a record of your previously downloaded files or documents.

Cookies and other site data: It is responsible for storing your website preferences and tracking your internet presence.

Cached images and files: These allow you a smooth and fast surfing experience. Chrome stores your web browsing searches on your Mac.

Passwords and other sign-in data: If allowed, Chrome can store your Passwords and other login credentials so that you can quickly access the same websites in the future.

Auto-fill form data: If you’ve ever filled in details like your name and address on the web browser, Chrome can store that information for future reference. In addition, you can change these details if you desire from the settings.

Site settings: Accessing websites that require permissions, like location and contacts, are saved as personal preferences for the same website. Hence, you’re not prompted with such alerts upon accessing the website in the future.

Hosted app data: This stores the information about the added third-party add-ons through the Chrome web store. 


The procedure of clearing cache, history, and cookies from your Chrome browser is not as hard as it seems. The steps mentioned above will ensure that your confidential information is safeguarded at all times. Remember to perform this task regularly to keep your browser running smoothly and prevent potential privacy issues. 

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Olympic Stadiums Are Engineering Marvels: Here Are Seven Standout Facilities

When the Olympics returned in 1896 after a few-millennia-long hiatus, they were all about grandeur—after all, it was a revival of an ancient Greek event. The opening and closing ceremonies were important ways for host countries to broadcast their best qualities to the world, but nothing made an impression like the architecture itself. It housed the athletes, offered the spectators a seat, and remained a testament to the city’s Olympic history long after the games were over.

But only a few of these buildings are true hallmarks of innovation. Instead of simply looking good, these seven(ish) structures used new materials or design principles to win architectural gold.

Palazzetto dello Sport from the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome Wikimedia Commons

Like so many Olympic designs, this one looks like it could be the work of alien architects. The Palazzetto dello Sport is built mostly of prefabricated concrete modules. The Lego-style construction process meant the dome of the 3,500-seat arena was erected in just 40 days. Modular buildings were still relatively rare in the Palazzetto’s early days—especially for a building this prominent—but this architectural method is relatively common today. As city populations skyrocket, builders hope pre-fab materials will allow a new apartment complex to go up quickly and cheaply, while still looking sleek.

Yoyogi National Gymnasium from the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo Wikimedia Commons

The Yoyogi gymnasium’s iconic sloping rooftop is also the source of its innovation: The iconic arena is topped with a suspended roof. Like a suspension bridge, the horizontal ridge at the top of the building serves as a spine hanging between stabilizing towers, one on each end. The structural cables ripple down from the spine, holding the building together along the way. At the start of the 1964 Olympics, it was the largest suspension roof in the world and certainly the most famous, as cable-suspended roofs first cropped up in the late 1950s.

Olympiastadion from the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, Germany Wikimedia Commons

The Munich Games are, unfortunately, best remembered for the harrowing hostage situation that effectively eclipsed all competition. But for students of architecture, the Olympiastadion holds a special place in the architectural history of the competition. Instead of creating an open-air or roofed stadium, architects and engineers created a lightweight tent that would partially enclose the stadium. Made of acrylic glass and stabilized by steel cables, this was one of the first time these materials were used to create a canopy of this size. Instead of fully covering the facility, the canopy is arranged mostly to one side. The designers hoped that this would make the stadium look like the snow-capped Alps, the monumental mountain range in southern Germany.

Gjøvik Olympic Cavern Hall from the 1994 Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, Norway Pixabay

The central hall at the Lillehammer Olympics was cutting-edge and, at the same time, draws from ancient inspiration. Norwegians has a long history of putting their plentiful caves to good use, with everything from data centers to military storage units built right into the Earth. The Olympic organizing committee was inspired, and decided to build an 5,500-seat hall in a cavern. It was a eye-catching choice and a strategic one; it maximized city space aboveground and paid homage to Nordic heritage. The Lillehammer team hammered away at the million-year-old gneiss rock for about eight months before construction could even begin. The resulting structure is the biggest hall of its kind and served as the epicenter of the 1994 Olympic hockey games.

The National Aquatics Center (“Water Cube”) for the 2008 Olympics in Beijing Wikimedia Commons

The “Water Cube,” as it’s affectionately known, gets its glassy beehive glow from a substance called ethylene tetrafluoroethylene, or ETFE foil. Synthesized in 1938 and, experts believe, first used in construction in 1982, the pillowy plastic can be organized in layers to create thin, translucent layers. That skin is then attached to a building frame and, at least in the case of the water cube, illuminated to great effect. Since ETFE was used at the Olympics, it’s continued to crop up in other buildings around the world, including the home of the 2023 Super Bowl.

Future Arena from the 2014 Summer Olympics in Rio Wikimedia Commons

Most of the stadiums mentioned here have been well-used long after the Olympics were over. But not all stadiums are so lucky. Many turn out to be money pits that can go years without finding a new purpose. That’s why the Brazilian Olympic organizing committee had the three R’s—reduce, reuse, and recycle—on their mind.

The Future Arena, shown here, was built as a temporary sporting venue that was easy to disassemble after the games. The materials would provide necessary elements four schools. “The plumbing components and the wiring are all designed so that you don’t rip it out,” Bill Hanway of AECOM, the U.S. firm that designed the master plan of the Barra Olympic Park, told Citylab at the time. “You unbolt it and remove it, and re-apply it to these four schools.”

However, these plans have not—and likely will not—ever be implemented. In 2023, a year after the Olympics, Rio’s mayor said he wouldn’t fulfill those original promises. While it was built with the best intentions, corruption scandals doomed the designs.

Existing structures for the 2024 Olympics in Paris and 2028 Olympics in Los Angeles Wikimedia Commons

In response to this mistake, the International Olympic Committee has given up on recyclable buildings, but is still promoting sustainability. The committee has selected Paris and Los Angeles as hosts for two upcoming summer games, because those cities can accommodate the event with their existing building stock.

The Stade de France, seen here, was built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. With a seating capacity of over 81,000, it will easily accommodate a portion of the 2024 Olympic games. The same is true for the Los Angeles Rams stadium that’s currently under construction; it will host NFL games well before and after the Olympics blows through town.

While it’s a departure from the glory of Olympics past, where everything was made new, Martijn Giebels, author of the blog Architecture of the Games, says this is a step in the right direction. “I think we currently have arrived at a turning point. There are many… countries in opposition to hosting the Olympics. This is due to the extreme costs of hosting the event, white elephants, [wasteful building projects], and corruption scandals.” By recycling old buildings, Giebels says, we can work toward a cheaper, cleaner future for the games. It could also mean we’ll get a chance to celebrate these old, innovative buildings again.

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