Trending December 2023 # Top 14 Sdet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023} # Suggested January 2024 # Top 16 Popular

You are reading the article Top 14 Sdet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023} updated in December 2023 on the website We hope that the information we have shared is helpful to you. If you find the content interesting and meaningful, please share it with your friends and continue to follow and support us for the latest updates. Suggested January 2024 Top 14 Sdet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023}

Introduction to SDET Interview Questions and Answers

The following article provides an outline for SDET Interview Questions. SDET, Software Design Engineer in Test or Software Development Engineer in Test, stands for mainly testing performed on a software product. It needed some candidates who can able to develop and as well as perform testing. Microsoft initially started this, but currently, other organizations are very conscious of the same, and they are looking for someone who is an expert in SDET for involving in the full development of their product as well as involving with the testing design, which needs to be performed for that individual development. The organization can introduce the same resource in two key tasks that will always be profitable.

Start Your Free Software Development Course

If you are looking for a job related to SDET, you must prepare for the 2023 SDET Interview Questions. Every interview is indeed different as per the various job profiles. Here, we have prepared the important SDET Interview Questions and Answers to help you succeed in your interview. This 2023 SDET Interview Questions article will present the ten most important and frequently asked SDET interview questions.

These interview questions are divided into two parts as follows:

Part 1 – SDET Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Interview Questions and Answers.

1. Explain differences in detail between software development engineering in test (SDET) and testing software manually?

SDET is mainly using doe automation testing. This means developing a product that can be tested automatically without manual intervention. Whereas manual testing does not at all meet these criteria.

2. Write a program to reverse a number in any language?


public class reverseNumber { public long reverse(long num) { long temp=0; while(num!=0) { temp=(temp*10)+(num%10); num=num/10; } return temp; } public static void main(String args[]) { long n= 654312; reverseNumber inp = new reverseNumber(); System.out.println(“Given number is “+ n); System.out.println(“Reverse of given number is “+inp.reverse(n)); } } 3. Explain how we can define ad-hoc testing in the current IT industry?

Ad hoc testing is one of the testings very much famous in the IT industry. This kind of testing is mainly unplanned and without documentation. It usually needs to perform when some ad hoc requirements come from the client; the developer has to develop in the same priority manner. Now tester needs to test it immediately and develop proper deliverables in a minimal period. Documentation or planning is not always possible, but some organizations maintain specific tools for tracking this task, especially for additional billing.

4. Two big keywords normally benefit the tester, one is the priority, and another is severity; explain the difference between them in detail.

Priority and severity are essential keywords in the IT industry, especially for those involved in the production support activity of their provided product or any client’s existing system. Currently, all the big organizations try to follow one specific tool where one helpdesk team has been assigned for handling. Typically, end-users reach that corresponding helpdesk team to raise their concerns, or end-users can create their concerns directly in that specific tool.

Some helpdesk person first analyzes the same, then gives the priority based on the end-user impact. A Helpdesk person, tester, developer, and some point-of-time business analyst are involved with that issue and try to understand the exact impact of that specific issue based on that they have given the severity of that issue. So priority defines how important that issue is, and severity is defined as the impact or destruction ability.

5. Explain a detailed explanation of the job responsibility of a tester or Software Development Engineering in a test role?

Write automation of testing and set up the same for varieties platforms like web or mobile.

Managing and handling bug reports.

Maintaining the proper communication channel between the developer and the client.

Preparing and delivering test cases.

6. What is ad-hoc testing?

Ad-hoc testing is defined as the testing done on an ad-hoc basis without any reference and proper inputs to the test case and without any plan, test cases, and documentation. This type of testing’s main objective is to find defects and break the application by executing different application flows or random functionality.

Ad-hoc testing is an informal way of finding bugs in an application and can be performed by anyone on the team. It will be difficult to find bugs without test cases, but sometimes during ad-hoc testing, bugs will find that we didn’t find through normal testing or existing test cases.

7. Give some examples regarding the typical experiences or excessive load working day of a tester or software development engineer in test (SDET) resources?

Three key tasks are always taken a huge amount of time for the tester on any day:

Understanding the requirements of the project.

Preparing and executing required test cases based on the client’s expected functionalities.

Reporting the bugs identified on individual functionality developed for the client to the developer and retesting the same after redelivery by the developer to ensure expected functionality is properly delivered without any common bug.

Part 2 – SDET Interview Questions (Advanced)

This is one critical decision, so a single person or junior guy has never taken it. Only the developer and tester are not involved in bringing this decision; higher management is periodically involved in that. Management test mainly ensure by validating below to ensure product delivery are bugless:

Validating bug reports provided by the tester. How was the bug resolved, and retesting done by the tester or not?

Validating all the test cases written by the tester for that specific functionality, documentation, and confirmation taken from the tester on the same.

Run automated test cases to ensure new functionalities do not break existing functionality.

Sometimes validating test coverage report ensures all the developing component has been covered by test cases written.

9. Write a program to swap two numbers without using any temp variable?

The program to swap two numbers without using any temp variable is as below:

public class swap{ public static void main (String args[]) { int x = 20; int y =30; System.out.println(“Numbers before swapping”); System.out.println(“ number x is “ + x); System.out.println(“number y is “ +y); x= x+y; y=x-y; x=x-y; System.out.println(“Numbers after swapping”); System.out.println(“ number x is “ + x); System.out.println(“number y is “ +y); } } 10. If someone needs one specific format of bug reports from a tester, then what will be the best way or approach can take by the tester to provide the same?

Bug Summary

Reproduce steps

Expected behavior and current behavior of one specific bug

11. Explain in detail about different kinds of testing called Alpha and Beta?

The tester does alpha testing identified bugs before moving the product to a live environment or the end-user. The determination of beta bugs typically falls to the end-user, who represents the actual user or application of the product.

12. What is Risk-Based testing?

Risk-Based testing refers to testing the functionalities of a product by prioritizing them according to the importance of the deliverables. Risk-Based testing includes testing crucial product features that will have a business impact, and the probability of the failure of those features is very high. Based on the business requirement, we prioritize product functionalities and test them in the order of high-priority, followed by medium and low-priority functionalities. Risk-based testing will be performed when there is insufficient time to test all the product’s functionalities.

13. Normally, there are different categories available to make one specific group by of varieties test cases; give an explanation of them.


Some famous test cases in the current IT industry are below:

Functional Testing

Frontend or User interface testing

Performance Testing

Integration Testing

Load testing or User usability testing

Security Testing

14. Common challenge one software tester commonly faces is proper documentation not maintained for testing. In that case, how can we overcome the same?

One common scenario involves inadequate availability of documentation for all types of test cases. However, fulfilling the requirement and delivering it to the client on time remains necessary. In such cases, testers typically follow client-provided emails that accurately describe all the requirements. In an ideal scenario, the emails would contain screenshots of the application, clearly indicating the specific areas that require changes. Alternatively, testers may engage in Monday meetings or conduct verbal discussions with the client to grasp the exact functionality required for the changes fully. This approach allows for efficient testing and timely delivery within the expected timeline.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to the SDET Interview Questions and Answers list so that the candidate can crack down on these Questions easily. In this post, we have studied the top SDET Interview Questions often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –

You're reading Top 14 Sdet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023}

Top 10 Ui Developer Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023}

Introduction to UI Developer Interview Questions and Answers

UI developer plays a major role in developing a website as UI is the first one that lets users go inside a website. It is kind of a first impression. UI developer’s main role provides the user interface solution to the end-user (client, customers, or users) includes an outlook of the website, the feel, and behaviour of the user interface in different scenarios. We can say UI developer is a combination of web designer and web developer. The UI developer needs to consider different aspects while providing a user interface, such as the look and feel of an application’s user interface, functionality, and security. The UI developer needs to possess different skills such as knowledge of different languages such as CSS, HTML, JavaScript, Ajax, and HTTP etc., basic psychology, colour combination for the user interface, logical sorting etc.

Start Your Free Software Development Course

UI developer is challenging role with multi-faces as it is responsible for the transference of a product from research, development, testing, content, and layout into an interface that looks and feels rich, with proper guidance and responsive experience to the end-user. With the user interface’s help, users and computer can interact with each other using this as a mediator to use input-output devices and software. UI Developer role is one of the hot cake job roles in the present market. We will have a look at the most asked or important interview questions for the UI developer role.

Now, if you are looking for a job related to UI Developer, you need to prepare for the 2023 UI Developer Interview Questions. Every interview is indeed different as per the different job profiles. Here, we have prepared the important UI Developer Interview Questions and Answers, which will help you succeed in your interview.

This 2023 UI Developer Interview Questions article will present the 10 most important and frequently used UI Developer interview questions. These questions are divided into two parts are as follows:

Part 1 – UI Developer Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Interview Questions and Answers.

Q1. What is Semantic HTML?

Semantic HTML is a coding style where the tags will contain how texts need to display on the user interface. Tags like bold, Italic should not be used along with semantic HTML as they represent formatting and doesn’t have any meaning or structure. The semantically correct thing is to use these tags to have the same effect as bold and italic, along with meaning and structure.

Q2. How absolute, relative, a static and fixed position will differ?


Absolute: It will place the element exactly where a user wants to place it. In general absolute will place relative to the parent. If no parent is available, then it is placed relative to the page itself.

Relative: It will place the element relative to itself (if we didn’t give any relative positioning); for example, if we set position relative to an element and given as top: 10px, then it will place the element 10px down from where the actual position of the element to be.

Static: It will place the element according to the flow of the document. It uses the default position; if we want to remove any position, then we can use a static position to replace it.

Q3. What is a responsive website?

Any website is meant to be responsive when it looks good and fits in all types of screen resolution device types. In order to re-arrange the elements, display or hide the elements from the user interface, we can use CSS media queries to get things done.

Q4. What is the difference between inline, block and inline-block?

Inline: In this thing, elements will follow the flow without breaking. Margin/padding will push other elements horizontally, not vertically, and inline elements ignore height and width.

Block: It breaks the line and doesn’t fit in the line. It usually has div, p, text, section etc.

Inline-block: It is similar to the inline element and follows the page flow. The only difference is that it will consider height and width.

Q5. Does HTML need a compiler?

In general, HTML, CSS, and JavaScript have interpreted languages or browser interpreted technologies. In contrast, C, C++, chúng tôi PHP have not interpreted languages, and they require a compiler that will convert their code into machine language. So HTML doesn’t need a compiler, and it is called a front-end language.

Part 2 – UI Developer Interview Questions (Advanced) Q6. What is the difference between window and document?

A document is also under the window as it is a property of the window object. The document represents the DOM represented in object-oriented representation for the HTML markup that the user has written and can get elements by getElementById, addEventListener on the document.

Q7. What is the difference between chúng tôi and normalize CSS?

The difference between chúng tôi and normalize CSS is that chúng tôi removes all the built-in browser styling capabilities like margin, padding, and border. Whereas normalize CSS provides a book-like appearance that includes a bold family to represent characters, a border between two paragraphs and a common font-family for an entire page of the document.

Q8. What is web accessibility?

Web accessibility is defined as providing access to the website for differently-abled or disabled people. Recently HTML5 introduced WAI-ARIA using which even differently-abled and disabled people can able to use the web, navigate, understand and interact with it.

Q9. What is JavaScript hoisting?

This is the most asked UI Developer Interview Questions in an interview. In JavaScript, we need to declare the variables then only we able to access the variables. If a variable is defined at the bottom of the script but called before then, JavaScript throws variable is undefined. In JavaScript, only assigned variables are hoisted like string, numbers etc., undefined variables and functions are not hoisted as they need to define before calling.

Q10. Explain what is event bubbling and event capturing?

Event propagation is the order of events that fire on the element. Bubbling is when an event is fired on the element then bubble up the DOM tree, i.e. child will call first, and then parent node will call, whereas capturing is opposite to the bubbling where the parent node is called first and then child node.

I hope you have prepared well for your interview, and I will assure you after reading this UI Developer Interview Questions article, you will have a better understanding of topics and preparation for the UI developer Interview. I wish you all the very best for your Interview preparation and Interview.

Recommended Article

This has been a guide to the list Of UI Developer Interview Questions and Answers so that the candidate can crackdown these Interview Questions easily. Here in this post, we have studied top UI Developer Interview Questions, which are often asked in interviews. You may also look at the following articles to learn more –

Top 10 Tough Job Interview Questions And Answers Updated For 2023

Tough Job Interview Questions

Imagine that you’re going through ten filters, one by one. Each filter is getting narrower, and you’re moving inward as if something wonderful is waiting for you at the end.

Start Your Free Personal Development Course

Effective resume making, job hunting, campus recruitment training & others

And you’re getting smarter and smarter, and as you pass through each filter, you’re getting closer to your desired goal. Then whoa! Finally, you’ve arrived. The desired goal is yours now!

The above scenario is an exact replication of how you face the top 10 tough job interview questions. If you can handle these tough job interview questions well, you’ll be able to say proudly that you’re hired.

But you may wonder why recruiters select these tough job interview questions. Do they want you to fail? No. They ask you these tough questions to screen better.

Any company wants people who’re the smartest, most intelligent, hard-working, and most reliable and who would become the greatest assets for the company. So how do you select these people? Simply by asking tough job interview questions that only the smartest, most intelligent, and best people can answer in a proactive manner.

Tough job interview questions:

Let’s get started with and also ways to handle them.

1. Tell me something about yourself

When the interviewers ask this question to the interviewees, most candidates start speaking about their schooling, personal life, hobbies, and family.

But when the interviewers ask these tough job questions, they’re not looking for your personal preferences or family details. Rather, they want to know about your professional life and how you’re doing in your professional career.

If you’re a fresher, recruiters like to know what skills you’ve and whether you’ve any internship experience in any industry.

When the recruiters ask you this question, be prepared to answer it. It’s the toughest because it seems like a very simple question, but most candidates are rejected after answering this question.

Because recruiters are looking for not only information about the candidate but also the candidate’s poise, delivery, confidence, communication, and style.

While answering this question, remember to briefly describe your personal and professional experience and how your experience aligns with the position you’ve applied for. If you like, you can also prepare a personal branding statement to stand out.

So, when you’re asked to get into the interview room and at first asked this question, try to sell yourself. Don’t worry about self-promotion because you’re in the interview room to do just that.

2. Why’re you leaving your present job?

There could be many reasons why you’re seeking this job. But recruiters are skeptical about you. Why? Because there’re many job-hoppers out there who go from one job to another within a matter of months.

They want to know whether you’re focused and whether you’ve clarity in what you would like to do in your professional life.

So, you need to prepare for this question beforehand.

Start with assessing why you’re considering leaving your current job. Is it because you’re not being paid enough, or you’re not able to get any job satisfaction out of it, or you can simply see that you’ll be laid off soon enough? No matter what your reason is, you need to tell the truth tactically.

If you say the truth upfront, in front of recruiters, you may feel awkward. Say it in a way like “I want to part ways because this job is more suitable for my skill-sets and ambition”, and then explain about the skills you’ve and how your skills and experience can help the company gets its objective.

No company will hire you until they know that you can ensure better ROI for the company. Make sure your sales pitch is good enough. You need to sell yourself well so that the recruiters don’t suspect your intention in the first place.

let’s move to the next tough job interview questions.

3. What’re your greatest strengths?

This is a trick question.

Most candidates, when they’re being asked this question, reply with some vague intangibles like – “good team player”, “hardworking”, “self-motivated”, “loyal”, etc.

They fail to understand that everyone is saying these terms, and they are not valuable because they don’t cite any examples along with their strengths. So they don’t stand out and get rejected.

The best approach to answer this question is to think beforehand about the 3-4 strengths you would discuss. The strengths you mention should align with the job you’re applying for, and at the same time, you cite a real-life example of your professional career where you’ve shown these strengths.

Most recruiters are a combination of left and right brains. The intangibles will serve their right brain, while the facts you present satisfy the left brain.

4. What’re your weaknesses?

This is a trickier question, trickier than the above question.

To screen the best candidates, the recruiters ask this question.

The best way to approach this question is to show your weakness in the camouflage of professional strength. Suppose you always have a helicopter view, have a big picture in mind, and aren’t satisfied until things get perfect.

I’m a workaholic, and my family always complains about late coming to any family gathering for my workaholic nature.”

See, the thing is that the recruiter never expects you to be perfect. No one is. So, be wise and say things in such a manner that even the weakness sounds like strengths.

let’s move to the next tough job interview questions.

5. What did you like about your current job?

The biggest thing recruiters like to know about you while asking this question is how good you’re at handling tasks or any area of responsibility. When you answer this question, pull out some tasks that interest you. It would be easier to explain if you were in a similar industry in your previous job.

If not, then pick out something you really liked about your earlier job and mention that you did very well in handling it.

Also, mention that everything cannot be of your liking. But cite an example proving that even if you don’t like the task, it should be considered done when you’re assigned a task.

This is a very good question because recruiters are suspicious about whether your audio is aligned with the video. You can explain your magnificence here.

6. What can you tell about our company/industry?

This question may seem usual, but how you answer it matters greatly.

Most candidates make the mistake of praising too much about the company and industry. But that’s not the point. When recruiters ask you about their company, it means they want to know whether you’re really interested in the position of the company or not.

They don’t actually follow your words; rather concentrate on your non-verbal cues. Even if you praise the company and industry in words, your non-verbal communication may say differently if you doubt it. So, be selective about the interviews. Don’t just sit for an interview. You will waste the time of recruiters as well as the time of your own. And nothing fruitful will come out of it.

So, go for interviews where you’re interested in doing the job, like the company, or want to work for the industry.

Prepare well about the company and the industry and give specific reasons (bullet points) about why you want to expand your career in this company or industry.

let’s move to the next tough job interview questions.

7. Why should I hire you?

This is another tricky question. But it actually means what you have that others don’t possess? When you’re asked this question, remember to point out things about you that set you apart from other candidates.

Most candidates talk about being hard-working, willing to adjust, and loyal. But they are not what recruiters want to know. They want to know what one or two things you have that are scarce.

To answer this question, you need to do a bit of homework.

Use bullet points and say the commonalities in brief.

If you do this, you will get through one of the trickiest and tough job interview questions asked by the recruiters in all the interviews.

8. Are you overqualified for this job?

Most recruiters are targeting whether you say “yes” or “no” to this question. If you say “yes”, you’re rejected immediately (at least most recruiters do that, but there are exceptions).

You get rejected when you say “yes” to this question because the recruiters feel that if you’re already overqualified for this job, you’ll soon be bored or disinterested in the same.

So, say “no” and then add, “I believe this job perfectly fits my skills and ambition. Even as I can see, in this job, I have a lot of room to grow.” If you say this, the recruiter will be sure about what you think about this job and your qualification.

But don’t lie. Say it upfront if you don’t feel you’re a perfect fit. It would be better for you as well as for the recruiter to decide then and then what to do with your candidature.

9. Where do you see yourself in the next 5 years?

Most people don’t set goals. So when the candidates are asked this question, most of the candidates have no idea what they should answer! They say vaguely – “President of the company” or “on the other side of the table”.

But instead of giving this blunt answer, if you talk about your motivation and what motivates you, then it would justify the answer. You could say something like – “As I currently see myself, I have a lot of room to grow.

The work environment and culture here will allow me to stretch myself and reach for my highest self as much as possible.”

An answer like this leaves no scope for cross-questioning. The recruiters get that you’re truthful to what you’ve to say and you don’t imagine things out of the blue.

This question is usually asked of candidates who are fresher or just coming out of college. Even if, while reading this, you consider yourself a fresher, always know that a well-articulated answer will do the trick and satisfy the recruiter.

let’s move to the last tough job interview questions.

10. Do you have any questions?

A lot of people say “no” to this, but it shouldn’t be you. Don’t say “no”. This question is asked to clarify whether you’ve prepared well for the interview. If not, you would say a “no” for sure. If “yes”, then you’ve something to ask or add.

Prepare a few tough job interview questions before or during the interview; if you have any questions, ask them here. Ask the question politely and wait for the answer. It will show your interest in the company.

These are a few tough job interview questions you will face. The tough job interview questions may seem usual. But if you prepare well and are really willing to get the job, the above list will help you get through.

Recommended Articles

Top 9 Scrum Master Interview Questions And Answers For 2023

blog / Project Management The Top 9 Common Questions to Crack the Scrum Master Interview

Share link

Within a tech team, a Scrum master wears multiple masks. Depending on the project and the requirements, they sometimes become a product manager or coach and other times, a disciplinarian. That’s why the demand for Scrum masters is skyrocketing with an annual growth rate of 24 percent. But acing the Scrum master interview is not a piece of cake. It involves thorough preparation, research on the company’s profile and the position, and going through the possibly asked interview questions.  

This guide will take you through some of the frequently asked Scrum master interview questions and answers that will help you face the interviewer with complete confidence. But before that, let’s understand how you can prepare for the Scrum master interview. 

How to Prepare for the Scrum Master Interview

Having a clear understanding of the Scrum master’s job roles and responsibilities is the first step toward the preparation for the interview. Additionally, you must have relevant technical skills such as software design and development, programming and process integration, and knowledge of frameworks like Agile, Waterfall, and Kanban to support the Scrum methodology. These are the bonus points to get through. 

Frequently Asked Scrum Master Interview Questions

Here are some of the common questions that interviewers may ask you during the interview session. 

1. What are the Responsibilities of the Scrum Team? 

A Scrum team consists of three responsibilities and roles: Scrum master, product owner, and developers. According to certified Scrum trainer Roman Pichler:  

“The product owner maximizes the value the product creates. The development team creates products that offer a great user experience and have the right quality. The Scrum master offers process and method coaching to the product owner, developers, and stakeholders. Additionally, the Scrum master acts as a change agent and facilitates organizational development.” Let’s understand this in greater detail. 

These are the responsibilities of the Scrum master:

Facilitates meetings, training, conversations, and improvements  

Guide the Scrum team to focus on the sprint goal and enable them to collaborate with other team members  

Prevent the team from external distractions so that they can meet their deliverables  

Bridge the gap between developer and product owner to bring them on the same page 

The responsibilities of product owner are outlined below:

Define the Sprint goal by prioritizing the backlog defined by the product roadmap   

Collaborate with other Scrum team members to establish goals and priorities for the next Sprint  

Be responsible for executing product discovery, strategy, and product vision   

The developer/development team are responsible for:

Organizing and planning how to achieve the set target with quality   

Manage the sprint backlog, inspect and adapt through the daily Scrum, and contribute to the sprint goals 

2. Is Velocity a Good Proxy for Productivity? 

In this fast-moving world, the term velocity refers to the speed of delivery in terms of a particular product, vision, and objective. If a company delays the delivery of the product that customers need urgently, then there won’t be any value in the product produced. So yes, velocity is a good proxy for productivity with respect to the speed of delivery of products created to fulfill customers’ requirements. 

3. Which is the Most Important Scrum Ceremony? 

In the world of agile software, Scrum is an empirical approach that consists of five basic events: 

The Sprint 

Sprint Planning 

Daily Scrum 

Sprint Review 

Sprint Retrospective 

If you’re wondering which one is important, Sprint Retrospective is highly valuable as it helps Scrum teams with an opportunity for continuous improvement.  

4. What is Velocity in Scrum? How is it Measured?

Velocity is a prime metric to measure the amount of work a development team does during a single Sprint. You can calculate Scrum velocity by dividing the total number of completed story points by the number of Sprints. For instance, if the Scrum team has completed 100 story points over 5 Sprints, then the average velocity of the team would be 20 points per Sprint. 

5. What are Some Situations When Scrum Cannot be Useful?

People often believe that Scrum is a solution to all problems. But that’s a myth. Applying Scrum unnecessarily results in a waste of time and effort and a loss of efficiency. So here are some of the situations where you can’t implement Scrum:   

In a complicated environment where you can’t predict the future, upcoming requirements, and technology changes, it’s tough to plan Sprint, which means Scrum is not applicable    

Scrum is avoidable when the company lacks allocated people or a team who should be cross-functional and independent   

You can’t employ Scrum when stakeholders are not allowed to join the Sprint review, as they share valuable feedback on your work during the Sprint  

6. How do You Justify the Scrum Master Job? 

You have to understand the roles and responsibilities of the Scrum master in-depth to justify their job. The responsibilities include:  

Supporting software development with tactics to apply the Scrum framework  

Strategizing deliverables and monitoring team performance  

Providing solutions to issues that hinder team works  

Bridging the gap between the development team and product owner to bring them on the same page 

7. What Will You do as a Scrum Master if the Product Owner is Assigning Tasks Directly to the Team Member? 

One of the prime roles of a Scrum master is to help and coach the product owner. So, in the above case, you (as a Scrum master) can make the product owner discover the true sense of self-organization. A  self-organized team knows how to accomplish its work rather than being governed by others from the external team.  

8. Your Team’s Velocity Drops Over the Course of Several Sprints. What Should You do? 

Scrum velocity is all about being consistent. In case of a decline in the Scrum team’s velocity, being a Scrum master, you can take the following steps: 

Motivate the team to focus on the primary objectives of the Sprint  

Restrict all distractions and eliminate all the team interruptions such as explanations, new ideas, curiosity, and seeking help    

Help the product owner collaborate with the team as it results in a clear understanding of user stories, implementation, and testing of user stories   

Break the stories so that these become easier to do and move faster through the workflow 

Optimize team performance and collaboration and refine the backlogs 

9. How Often do You Think Scrum Masters Should Meet with the Entire Team?

According to Ken Schwaber, a product manager, software developer, and industry consultant, Scrum meetings should occur daily, similar to daily stand-up meetings. He also suggested limiting the team meeting duration to not more than 15 minutes. 

Useful Tips for Scrum Master Interviews

Though the above questions and answers covered everything that you should know to crack the Scrum master interview, small tips and tricks never go to waste. Be confident and honest. Practice these interview questions to enhance your knowledge. Also, explore project management courses on Emeritus to enhance your skills.  

By Shweta Kamal

Write to us at [email protected]

Top 26 Scala Interview Questions And Answer Updated For 2023

Introduction to Scala Interview Questions And Answers

Scala is a general-purpose programing language providing support for functional programming and a robust static type system. Martin Ordersky designed it, and it first appeared on 20 January 2004. The file extension is scala or .sc. Scala combines object-oriented and functional programming in one concise, high-level language. Scala’s static types help avoids bugs in complex applications, and its JVM and JavaScript runtimes let you build high-performance systems with easy access to huge ecosystems of libraries. It runs on Java platforms.

Start Your Free Software Development Course

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others


For Compiling:  scala HelloWorld.scala

Running: scala HelloWorld.

So if you are looking for a job related to Scala, you must prepare for the 2023 Scala Interview Questions. Though every Scala interview is different and the job scope is also different, we can help you with the top Scala Interview Questions and Answers, which will help you take the leap and get you to succeed in an interview.

Part 1 – Scala Interview Questions (Basic)

This first part covers basic Scala Interview Questions and Answers.

1. What is Scala?



Give some examples of JVM Language. Answer:

Java, Scala, Groovy, and Closure are very popular for JVM.

3. What is the superclass of all classes in Scala?


“Any” class is the superclass of all types in Scala.

4. What is the default access modifier in Scala?


“Public” is the default access modifier in Scala.

5. What is similar between Scala Int and Java’s java.lang.integer?


This first part covers basic Scala Interview Questions and Answers.

6. What is Null in Scala?


Null is a Type in Scala. It is available in the Scala package as “scala. Null”.

Let us move to the following Scala Interview Questions And Answers.

7. What is the Unit in Scala?


In Scala, a unit represents “No value” or “No Useful value.” In the package, it is defined as “scala. Unit”.

8. What are the value and var in Scala?


Var stands for variable, and Val stands for value. Var is used to define. Mutable variables and matter can be reassigned after the creation of it. Val is used to define Immutable variables, which means the value cannot be reassigned once it’s created.

9. What is REPL in Scala?


REPL stands for reading Evaluate Print Loop. Generally, we call it “Ripple.” It is an interpreter to execute scala code from the command prompt.


val year = if( count == 0) 2014 else 2023


There are two types of maps: Mutable and Immutable.

The closure is the function in scale where the returned value of the function depends on one or more than one variable, which is defined outside the function.

Part 2 – Scala Interview Questions (Advanced)


It is used for wrapping the missing value.


trait MyTrait {



lang, scala, scala.PreDef is the package in Scala.

Let us move to the next Scala Interview Questions And Answers.


Scala tuple is used to combine the fixed number of the item together. Nature vice the tuple are immutable and can hold objects of different types. For Eg: Val myTuple = (1, “element”, 10.2)


A Monad is an object in Scala which wraps another object.



Literal identifiers


Multi-Line Stings


Scala 2.12, which requires Java 8.

Let us move to the next Scala Interview Questions And Answers.


def keyword is used to define the function in Scala.


An object is a singleton instance of the class. It does not need to be initiated by the developer.


Akka is a concurrency framework in Scala that uses Actor based model for building JVM applications.


Scala compiler scalac to compile Scala Program and scala command to run it.

Recommended Articles

We hope that this EDUCBA information on “Scala Interview Questions” was beneficial to you. You can view EDUCBA’s recommended articles for more information.

Top 16 Ms Access Interview Questions And Answers (2023)

Here are Microsoft Access interview questions and answers for fresher as well experienced candidates to get their dream job.

1) Explain how you can import data from other sources into Access database?

To import data into Access data-base

Choose the type of the file you want to import

To know which type of file can be import or link Access database, follow the instruction in the Get External Data wizard

👉 Free PDF Download: Microsoft Access Database Interview Questions & Answers

2) Explain what is the size limitation for an Access database?

The Access 2.0 database has the size limitation of 1 gigabyte.

3) Between different data’s what are the types of relationship can be formed?

The table contains your data can build three types of relationship

One-to-one relationships: A single data in one table is linked with a single data in another table.

One-to-many relationship: A single data in a table is linked to several data’s in another table

Many-to-many relationship: Where several data’s in one table is related to several other data’s in another table

4) Explain how you can build a relationship between the different databases in Access?

When you establish a relationship between two data, the first table for your data is referred as the primary key while the new field in another data is called a foreign key.

5) Name some of the file extension for MS Access?

Some of the file extension for MS Access are

Access database.accdb

Access project.adp

Access project.mdw

Access blank project template.adn

Access workgroup.mdw

Protected access database.accde

6) Explain what do you mean by queries?

Queries are the medium of manipulating the data to display in the form or report. Queries can join tables, update data, delete data, sort, calculate, filter, etc.

7) Explain what joins are and how you can open the database in Access?

Joins determines the relationship between tables in Access by stating the details of the relationship between two tables. You can create joins on the database tools tab or by opening a query in design view.

8) Mention how you can create a simple query in Access 2013?

Open your database

Select a query type

From the pull-down menu choose the appropriate table

Select the field you want in the query results

To add information from additional tables, repeat steps 5 and 6

Choose the type of results that you would like to produce

Give your query a title

9) Explain how you can export data in Excel format?

Specify the destination of the file name and format

10) Explain how you can create a table using MAOL (Microsoft Access Object Library)?

To create a table using MAOL, you have to pronounce a variable of type object and then initialize it with the CreateTableDef() method of the recent database object. This technique takes argument as the name of the table.

11) Explain how you can create a form in Microsoft Access 2013?

Forms allow to insert data across multiple tables. There are different methods for creating forms but with Form Wizard method, you can always modify the form later using Design View. To create a form

It will create a new form in Layout view, based on the fields in the Customer table

Scroll the drop down arrow under the View icon and select Form View. This how the user will see the form.

On the form, you will see fields like CustomerId, First Name, Last Name and Date Created

After filling of all details in the form, you can see the newly created record with data in the table

12) In MS Access 2013 what are the different ways you can enter data?

Different methods you can enter data in MS Access are

Datasheet View


SQL View

Import from External Data (XML, Data Services, HTML etc.)

13) Explain the use of WHERE clause in MS Access SQL?

In the WHERE clause of a SELECT statement, you use query criteria. For example, you want to find the address of a particular customer, but you only remember his last name that is Harrison. Instead of searching all the fields in the table, you use where clause to retrieve the address of the customer.

WHERE [LASTNAME] = ‘Harrison’

You cannot link or join fields that have dissimilar data types. To link data from two different data sources, depending on values in fields that have different data types; you will create a WHERE clause that uses one field as a criteria for the other field, by using LIKE keyword.

14) Explain how we can do multi-join query in MS Access?

In Access, we can only join two tables, in order to join more tables you require to group the first join together by using parentheses, as if it was a newly derived table. After that, you can join another table to that group.

Select * from((Table 1 LEFT JOIN Table 2… ) LEFT JOIN Table3…) LEFT JOIN Table4… 15) Explain how MS Access is better than MS SQL Server?

With a small number of users, MS Access is easy to handle and suited for desktop use

Easy compatibility and sharing compare to MS SQL Server

SQL server is, usually, used by developers and in a bigger organization

MS Access is cheaper than MS SQL

MS Access requires less database administration

16) What things to be taken in consideration for lookup fields?

Look up fields: Ensure that you relate tables, links, etc. if you want to show look up values and not look up ids. For the display of lookup values, related table should be linked to the destination field.

These interview questions will also help in your viva(orals)

Update the detailed information about Top 14 Sdet Interview Questions And Answers {Updated For 2023} on the website. We hope the article's content will meet your needs, and we will regularly update the information to provide you with the fastest and most accurate information. Have a great day!