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How to Install And Use Photoshop Brushes

The brush tool is one of the most integral parts of Photoshop, but if you don’t know how to install photoshop brushes, you’re missing out on a ton of creative opportunities! In this article, I’ll be sharing what a photoshop brush is, why brushes are useful, how to use them and of course, how to install new brushes into Photoshop.

Importing brushes into Photoshop is a very simple task, but one that is not exactly obvious. Follow the steps below to make importing brush packs into Photoshop easy, and prevent you from pulling out excessive amounts of hair.

What Is A Photoshop Brush?

A Photoshop brush controls the shape, size, and density of the line you paint while using the Brush tool. Brushes come in a wide variety of unique shapes to perfectly suit the need of your specific project.

Photoshop comes with a preset amount of brushes that will suit your most basic needs. If you are looking for more unique brushes, there are tons of great options online or at the bwillcreative store.

What Are Photoshop Brushes Used For?

Photoshop brushes can be used for so much more than just painting a line onto your photo. Brushes can be used to create textures and patterns on your image, or even be used to better refine your layer masks. There are so many creative opportunities available with Photoshop brushes beyond just painting a simple line across your photo.

How To Install A New Photoshop Brush

Now that you know what a Photoshop brush is actually used for, let’s learn how to install a new brush. This installation method will work on any version of Photoshop you are using.

Step 1: Download A New Photoshop Brush

First, you’ll need to get your hands on a photoshop brush to import. You can find some great photoshop brushes here to help get started!

Unzip the brush download and inside you will find your new photoshop brush as a .ABR file. 

Step 2: Find The Photoshop Brush Folder On Your Computer

Step 3: Move The .ABR Into The Brushes Folder

Drag and drop the .ABR brush pack download into the Brush folder.

Step 4: Load Your New Brushes In Photoshop

Step 5: Install Your New Photoshop Brushes

Follow the same path as previous to the BRUSHES folder. Select the brush file you want to import into Photoshop. If you are unsure about the exact path, see below:

Step 6: Access Your New Brushes

You will notice that the new brushes do not appear at the top of your brush panel. Not to worry, scroll to the bottom of your brushes and you will see your newly imported brushes! See below:

How To Use A Photoshop Brush Step 1: Select A Brush

Step 2: Select A Brush Color And Size

If that feels like too much effort, you can also use the keyboard shortcuts of [ or ] to scale your brush up or down.

Step 3: Paint The Brush Onto Photo

Now you have successfully installed your brush pack into Photoshop! New brushes are a great way to spice up your creative process and allow you to explore more creative avenues.

The uses of the brush tool in Photoshop are limitless as you continue to download more brush packs. This method of how to install a photoshop brush will work across any version of the program.

Happy Editing!


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How To Use The Gradient Tool In Photoshop – Brendan Williams Creative

How To Use The Gradient Tool In Photoshop

The gradient tool is a powerful tool that can fade your photos’ edges, apply colors, or even adjust your layer masks. Although relatively simple to use, there is a lot more “under the hood” of the gradient tool than you might realize. With a better understanding of the gradient tool, you can better control how your gradients look and what parts of your photo they will affect.

Let’s take a deep dive into the specifics of gradients in Photoshop to help you better understand this tool and how it operates.

What Is A “Gradient” In Photoshop?

By definition, a gradient is a continuous transition from one color to another. A gradient can vary from smooth changes between color values to harsh noticeable edges. They can vary in shape from a linear gradient to others in circular, diamond, or line shapes. In Photoshop, a gradient can be used to apply a progression of color from one tone to another with a wide array of customizable settings.

In layman’s terms, gradients are used to create a faded look between different colors. A gradient will always be made up of two or more color values since it needs to transition from one hue to another. You can even create transparent gradients that transition from solid color to transparency. These are perfect for fading the edges of a photo or making gradient adjustments on a layer mask.

A Keyboard Shortcut For Accessing The Gradient Tool

An easy keyboard shortcut you can use for accessing the Gradient Tool in Photoshop is by pressing G on your keyboard. Pressing G will select the Gradient Tool so you can instantly begin adjusting settings and creating gradients as you wish.

How To Make A New Gradient With The Gradient Tool

The Gradient Editor

The first thing you need to access is the gradient editor. The gradient editor allows you to choose from a wide array of preset gradients or let you create your own. To make life easy, you’ll want to understand the uses of each section of the gradient editor. Here’s how it all breaks down:

– The Presets Window

The largest section of your gradient editor is the preset window. In older versions of Photoshop, these presets were quite sparse with very few options. However, there are a handful of great gradient options scattered throughout different color folders in newer updates to Photoshop CC. This makes it easy to find a perfect gradient to suit the exact color needs of your project.

– The Gradient Bar

The gradient bar is where all the magic happens. This bar gives you a live preview of what your gradient will look like once it’s applied onto your canvas. Within this bar, you have a few options to customize how your gradient appears. From gradient type, smoothness, and color, there’s nothing you can’t adjust.

The gradient type chooses whether your gradient is made up of color or noise values. For most purposes, color is the option you’ll want to go with. This option will create a smooth transition between multiple solid colors and can work well for any purpose.

On the other hand, noise gradients don’t use specific colors but instead let you alter the hue, saturation, and luminosity of noise. This gradient type tends to appear far more randomized and is harder to control.

As for the smoothness, this slider will dictate how smooth the transition is between each color value.

With a smoothness of 100%, there will be a very soft transition between each color. However, with a 0% smoothness, the transition between colors will appear slightly more abrupt. For general use, leaving the smoothness slider at 100% will work perfectly fine.

– Gradient Colors

The gradient colors are represented by the color swatches located at their respective starting points. In the example below, there is a color swatch on both the left and right side of the gradient. That means the colors will be most noticeable on their separate ends, while they will transition from one to another throughout the middle.

Any of your gradient colors can be moved to make them more or less dominant in your gradient. For example, if I move the left color towards the right, you can see how it becomes more noticeable in the gradient. That’s because there is less space for the two colors to transition from one to another.

You can create as many new color points as you wish, and all of them can be moved independently to alter where they sit within your gradient.

– Gradient Midpoints

Looking between the color swatches, you’ll notice a diamond shape. This is called your gradient midpoint. These midpoints control where the halfway mark is between one color and another.

You can move your gradient midpoints to favor a certain color. This can be a good idea if you want one color to be more visible than another.

Types Of Gradients

Not all gradients are made the same in Photoshop. In fact, there are five different types of gradients you can create. Luckily, changing between them all takes less than a second.

1. Linear Gradient

Starting with the leftmost option, this gradient is called the linear gradient. It creates a straight line for the gradients to transition from and is the most versatile gradient to use. Using this gradient, your colors will transition in a continuous, linear fashion, typical of any generic gradient.

2. Radial Gradient

The radial gradient creates a “gradient burst,” starting from one color in the middle and fading radially to the other colors. This option is great for applying to layer masks or fading circular sections of your layers.

3. Angle Gradient

An angle gradient will take up your entire layer and transition from one color to another in a counter-clockwise rotation. Wherever you start your gradient will be the hard edge between the first and last color of your gradient.

This gradient type is far more specialized compared to some of the other gradient types in Photoshop. You likely won’t find yourself using this option as frequently.

4. Reflected Gradient

The reflected gradient essentially creates a gradient line. The further you drag when creating your gradient, the wider this gradient effect will become. This type of gradient is great for placing against horizontal or vertical edges in your images.

5. Diamond Gradient

Lastly, the diamond gradient creates a star-shaped gradient that fades in a unique way. This is a useful option when you want to create circular gradients but want more variance of intensity between colors.

– Gradient Tool Settings Explained

With your gradient editor sorted, and your gradient type chosen, you’ll need to go through the rest of your settings bar before actually making a gradient in Photoshop. These additional settings will be found within the gradient tool settings bar and only take a few seconds to work through.

The first option you have is the blend mode of your gradient. These blend modes operate the same as layer blend modes but will only be applied to your new gradients. For general use, leave the gradient blend mode set to “Normal.”

Next, your opacity option will alter the visibility of your gradient adjustments. To ensure your gradient is completely visible, I’d recommend leaving your opacity set to 100%. After all, you can always adjust the layer opacity later when you apply your gradient onto a new layer. In that sense, the opacity option becomes slightly redundant.

Lastly, you’ll see three checkboxes reading reverse, dither, and transparency.

By checking off the reverse option, your gradient will switch sides and reverse itself. This is useful if you want certain colors of your gradient to be applied from another side. However useful, this option only needs to be used in certain instances.

The dither option helps to ensure there is a smooth transition between different tones in your gradient. Without the dither option checked off, you can end up with banding in your gradient. To ensure you have a high quality and seamless gradient, make sure the dither option is checked off.

Finally, the transparent option allows you to create transparency when you have a transparent value in your gradient. For example, if you’re creating a foreground to transparent gradient, the transparency will not be visible unless the transparency option is checked off. To make life easy, make sure this box is checked off as well, regardless of whether or not you’re creating a transparent gradient.

Creating A New Gradient On Your Canvas

When you create a gradient, you can apply it directly onto a layer, or you can create a gradient fill layer. Both options will get the job done but have certain pros and cons.

– Applying Gradients Onto A Layer

The first option is to apply your gradient directly onto a new layer. This option feels the most natural and makes it easy to draw out your gradient exactly where you need it.

After going through your gradient tool settings, create a new layer for your gradient layer. This way, you can ensure you’re editing non-destructively and have more control later on.

With that, you’ve applied your gradient onto a new layer, and it appears exactly as it did in your gradient editor! Easy peasy.

– Creating A Gradient Fill Layer

From there, you can alter the angle, style, scale, and other settings options that will alter the look of your gradient.

How To Make A Custom Gradient In Photoshop

No matter which type of gradient you choose to work with, sometimes the preset options don’t offer what you’re looking for. Luckily, you can create your very own custom gradients with ease.

And with that, you’ve created your very own custom gradient that is ready for use!

Saving Custom Gradients As A Gradient Preset

If you’re going to spend the time to make a custom gradient, you might as well save all your hard work. Fortunately, you can save any custom gradient as a gradient preset in Photoshop.

After you’ve created a custom gradient you want to save, create a new name for your gradient. This will make it easier to identify later on.

Now your custom gradient will appear as its very own preset at the bottom of your presets window!

Creating Transparent Gradients

Although I’ve talked extensively about working with transparent gradients in this post, let’s quickly cover some of the footnotes for creating these gradients.

To create a transparent gradient, select your gradient tool (G) and open your gradient editor.

Within the presets window, open the “basics” folder and selected the “foreground to transparent” gradient.

Looking up to your gradient editor, you can see the new color changes shown in the gradient preview.

Now you’ve successfully created a transparent gradient!

Learn More: The Complete Guide To Transparent Gradients In Photoshop

Making A Gradient Background In Photoshop

If you want your entire canvas background to be a gradient, you’ll need to do this after creating a new document. Since there isn’t a new gradient background option in the new document dialogue box, you’ll have to resort to other workarounds.

With your background layer selected, grab your gradient tool (G) and go through all the necessary settings in the upper settings bar.

Now, what if you don’t have a background layer?

How To Change Gradient Color

At this point, you know how to change the color of a gradient before you actually create one. So how can you change the colors of an already existing gradient? Well, it all depends on the type of gradient you’ve created. If you applied a multi-colored gradient onto a layer, you wouldn’t be able to change the color without redoing it completely.

Since these types of gradients are permanently applied, there’s no way of reaccessing the original gradient settings. There is an exception to this with transparent gradients that I share here.

With that said, all is not lost. That’s because, with a gradient fill layer, you can easily change the color of your gradient at any point in your project.

Since you always have access to these gradient settings when using gradient fill layers, you can change the color at any time without much hassle!

How To Rotate Or Reverse Your Photoshop Gradients

Similar to changing color, you cannot reverse or rotate gradients that are applied directly onto a regular layer. Since they’re applied permanently, there’s no easy way of adjusting them. However, the only workaround is to use your Move Tool to reposition your existing gradient into a more suitable position. This isn’t the most effective way of doing things, but it will get the job done.

Alternatively, you can try creating a completely new gradient in the new orientation you’re looking for.

The better way of rotating or reversing a gradient in Photoshop is, once again, with a gradient fill layer.

If you want to reverse the colors of your gradient, check off the “reverse” option. This will switch which side of the gradient your colors are coming from. It doesn’t get easier than that!

Happy Editing!

– Brendan 🙂

How To Install And Use Salesforce Cli?

What is Salesforce CLI?

A Salesforce Command Line Interface (CLI) is a free and open-source tool that streamlines and automates processes across the Salesforce platform.

Ultimately, Salesforce CLI accelerates and simplifies the development process for developers and administrators. Within a Salesforce organization, It makes build automation and development simpler. It gathers numerous Salesforce APIs.

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It can be programmed and run through the terminal, which facilitates automation. Users can use the Salesforce CLI to manage tokens and transfer source data salesforce metadata across numerous environments.

Key Takeaways

Salesforce CLI simplifies the automation of Salesforce development and builds processes.

It manages and creates orgs, synchronizes sources to and from orgs, and installs packages.

It can gather every tool required for development and issue orders to a Salesforce organization.

The Salesforce Developer Experience, or SFDX, is primarily linked to the Salesforce CLI.

How to Install Salesforce CLI on Mac & Windows? 1. Setup the CLI on Mac OS

A.pkg file is to install Salesforce CLI on macOS.

Download the .pkg file.

(Image Credit: Salesforce)

Restart your Terminal windows or IDEs once the installation is complete to ensure that the Salesforce CLI executables are accessible.

2. Setup the CLI on Windows

A .exe file is to set up Salesforce CLI on Windows.

Download the .exe file.

Make the Salesforce CLI executables accessible by restarting your command prompts, PowerShell windows, or IDEs when the installation is complete.

How to Use Salesforce CLI?

It’s time to start using the Salesforce CLI, so install it first. The simplest method uses a command that details the CLI’s actions.

Try executing the following command:

sfdx commands

(Image Credit: SalesforceBEN)

All of the commands that the CLI supports are output by this command. One of the four words alias, config, auth, or force starts each of these commands. These logical collections of our orders are “namespaces,” each performing a particular set of functions.

1. Alias

This property controls the login aliases. Use these login credentials with the CLI. Choose a user-friendly name, such as “UAT” or “Prod.”

sfdx alias:list

2. Auth

sfdx auth:web:login -a DeveloperSandbox

3. Config

You can set the configuration variables here for other programs. Several factors may be involved, ranging from the API version to the command’s default username.

sfdx config:get defaultusername

4. Force

It is the biggest and most used namespace since it is where most CLI magic occurs. It includes (but is not limited to) the following instructions for communicating with an organization.

Deployment and metadata retrieval.

Creating orgs or sandboxes from scratch.

Constructing both first- and second-generation packages.

Running secretly to the top.

Transferring and importing data

sfdx force:source: deploy -m CustomObjects

How would one deploy this Apex class, for instance? To accomplish this, each command has parameters provided to demonstrate the intent. A single hyphen precedes the shorter parameter name after the command name (-w or -wait, for example) or a double hyphen (-) when using the full parameter name.

Specify a boolean value using these arguments alone or combined with other parameters to specify what those parameters should return.

sfdx force:source: deploy -m ApexClass: MyApexClass

Data Loader CLI

Data Loader in two different ways:

1. User Interface

The user interface allows one to specify configuration parameters and CSV files for import and export.

The field mappings that correspond in your import file to the field names in Salesforce interactively.

2. Command Line (Only Available for Windows)

When using the command line, one specifies the files’ settings, data sources, mappings, and actions.

One can configure a Data Loader for automated processing using this.

Final Thoughts

Working with your Salesforce org is easier with the Salesforce CLI, a command-line interface. You can use CLI to develop and manage orgs, synchronize sources to and from orgs, design and install packages, and more. It is beneficial because Salesforce CLI is simple to use and doesn’t require extensive training before use. Commands for the Salesforce CLI are typically related to SFDX.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs)

Given below are the FAQs mentioned:

Q1. What does CLI stand for?

Answer: A command line interface (CLI) program executes operating system operations by taking text input. It was the only way to interface with computers in the 1960s at computer terminals. PC systems like MS-DOS, Apple DOS, and Unix systems in the 1970s and 1980s used command line input.

Q2. Does Salesforce CLI require Java?

Answer: Installation of JDK version 17 (recommended), JDK version 11, or JDK version 8 is necessary. Installing one of the recommended versions is essential, even if another version of Java is already present. As instructed in our Salesforce Extensions instructions, install Java.

Q3. Is VS code compatible with Salesforce CLI?

Answer: The Salesforce CLI deals with local source files and runs commands against Salesforce org. Even if one doesn’t want to use the Salesforce CLI directly, install it on the computer because Salesforce Extensions for VS Code uses it in the background.

Q4. How does CLI work? Q5. What does the Salesforce SFDX CLI do?

Answer: Essentially a command line tool, The Salesforce Developer Experience Command Line Interface (SFDX CLI) makes developing it much simpler and more enjoyable for the Salesforce Platform.

Recommended Articles

We hope this EDUCBA guide on “Salesforce CLI” was helpful. For further information on Salesforce-related topics, EDUCBA recommends these articles –

Beginners Guide: How To Use The Pen Tool In Photoshop

Beginners Guide: How To Use The Pen Tool In Photoshop

Last Updated on January 14, 2023

You’re here because you want to know how to use the Pen tool in Photoshop. I’ve been teaching both Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator for over fifteen years, and I can say without a doubt, the Pen tool is probably the most feared and avoided tool in both apps.

Although it can be a frustrating tool to use at the beginning, it is very useful for graphic design and illustration and for selecting objects. This photoshop tutorial will help you learn how to work with the Pen tool.

I’m breaking this guide into easily digestible chunks.  Here’s what we’ll cover:

What Is A Path?

In Photoshop, we can draw paths using the Pen tool, the Freeform Pen tool, the Curvature Pen tool, or one of the Shape tools (rectangle, ellipse, polygon, line, and custom shape). The Curvature Pen tool works in a slightly different way than the Pen tool.

Pen Tools Shape Tools

The Pen tool can be used for drawing very precise paths. We can fill the paths with colour and/or stroke them with colour. We can also turn those paths into selections. So let’s get started with using the tool to draw straight lines.

Note: All of the screen grabs you see here are taken from Adobe Photoshop CC, but almost everything you read here is applicable to older versions of Photoshop going back several versions.

Drawing Straight Lines With The Pen Tool 1 – Draw A Path With The Pen Tool

2 – In the toolbar, select the Pen Tool.  The shortcut is to hit P on the keyboard.

Note: If you’re outlining a subject that you want to select, or for drawing a path to add pixels to afterwards, choose the Path instead of the Shape option.

Because we chose the Shape option, you’ll see that there is a new layer in the Layers panel called Shape. 1 This layer contains the vector shape that you are currently drawing.

The path you see above on the left is called an Open Path. That means the starting point and the endpoint are different, they do not join. The path on the right is a Closed Path.

If you want to fill an area with colour, it’s a good idea to close the path, otherwise, you can get some strange results.

2 – Add and Delete Anchor Points

There will be times when you want to add extra anchor points to your paths or delete existing anchor points that you don’t need.

A good rule of thumb when working with vector graphics is to use as few anchor points as possible to achieve smooth lines. This is particularly true when drawing curved paths with the Pen tool, which you’ll see shortly.

Deleting an anchor point on a path Adding an anchor point on a path

1 – Select the Add Anchor Point tool in the toolbar.

Straight Path Pen Tool Practice!

So that’s how to draw straight line segments, very easy and nothing to be frightened of there. The key to using the Pen tool is practice, practice, practice.

Create a new Photoshop document and do the following:

Try drawing open paths of Zig Zags.

Try drawing closed paths of triangles, rectangles, squares, polygons, stars and other random shapes where the first anchor point becomes the end point.

Get a feel for finishing paths and starting new ones. Have a go at drawing all of the shapes below. It will help you get a feel for using the pen tool.

How To Edit Paths And Anchor Points

1. Select the Pen tool, and choose Shape and any colour you like for the stroke. Draw a zig-zag path.

4. Once an anchor point is selected, you can drag it to change the shape of the path.

When multiple points are selected, drag on one of the points and all selected anchor points will be affected, and the path will change accordingly.

Drawing Curves With The Photoshop Pen Tool

In this part of the Pen Tool Guide, you’ll learn how to draw

a gently curving open path  (easy peasy)

a closed circle path  (easy)

a complex path made from curves and straight points (a bit more tricky, but an essential skill)

Once you’ve gained an understanding of how the curves work, combined with some practice, you’ll soon find yourself becoming a Pen Tool Master!

How curved paths are created

2 – Direction lines and handles from the anchor points are drawn when you drag.

We use the direction lines and points to determine the direction and shape of the curved path we’re drawing.

3 – Draw A Curved Path With The Pen Tool

Let’s start by drawing a gentle curving line.

1 – Select the Pen tool (P) from the toolbar.  

2 – Let’s use the same Pen tool options as before:

Notice how the Pen Tool cursor changes and a small asterisk appears. This indicates that when you start to draw again, you will be starting a new path.

4 – Draw a closed circle path with the Pen Tool

A closed path is simply a path where the first anchor point is the same as the last point, for example, a circle, a rectangle, a star. We’ll draw a circle.

Your path is now closed and you should have a near perfect circle or at least a reasonable ellipse shaped path. It doesn’t matter if it’s a little egg-shaped :).

Remember you want to use as few anchor points as possible to get smooth curves when drawing with the Pen Tool.

5 – Combine curved and straight path segments with the Pen Tool

Curved anchor points have directional lines/handles that are opposite each other, 180° apart.

Corner (or straight) points either have no directional lines, only one directional line, or two directional lines that are at an angle that is not 180°. ( A little bit confusing, I know!)

Probably the most difficult part of drawing with the Pen Tool in Photoshop is joining up two curves on a corner point. If you can do this, then you can do any type of drawing with the Pen.

For this exercise, we’re going to draw the path below.

You’ve now successfully joined straight and curved segments in a path drawn with the Pen Tool. This is the hardest part of drawing with the Pen Tool and the one you need to get the most practice with.

There is, of course, lots more to learn about the Pen tool, but at this stage, lots of practice combining straight segments and curves will turn you into a Pen tool master really quickly.

More Pen Tool Practice!

A really good way to practice combining curves and straight points with the pen tool is to try drawing the outlines of letters. Start with easy ones like I and Z, then try lowercase T, S, P and so on. Don’t worry if your lines aren’t perfect at this stage, the main thing is to try things out.

I hope you’ve found this Pen Tool tutorial for beginners useful.

I’d be really grateful if you would share this post. Thank you! 🙂

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How To Use The Crop Tool In Photoshop To Crop Images

Photoshop is one of the top Photo editing software available. Everyone at some point will have an image that they want to crop. Your photo may have unwanted subjects, or you want to post to social media and want to remove parts. You may want to enhance the subject of an image by removing the edges of the image. Knowing how to use the Crop Tool in Photoshop will help with these edits and more.

How to use the Crop Tool in Photoshop to crop images

The Crop feature in Photoshop can be used to remove unwanted sections of images, enhance the subject of images or add canvas size to images. The last function may seem out of place, and I thought so too. I thought that the crop feature was just for cutting, however, I found out that the crop feature can add canvas size. That last feature is very helpful and I will show you how to do it.

Place the image in Photoshop

Convert the image to a Smart Object (Optional)

Crop the Image

Extend canvas

1] Place the image in Photoshop

This is the first step to using the crop feature on an image in Photoshop. There are a few ways that you can get the image into Photoshop. You can open Photoshop then go to File then New, the New document options window will open and you fill in the options for the documents. When you are finished press Ok and a blank canvas will be created. You can use any of the following methods to place the image on the canvas. You can open Photoshop and then find the image and drag it into Photoshop.

2] Convert the image to a Smart object (optional)

This step requires that you convert the image to a Smart object. This step is optional because the cropping process will still work, however, converting the image to a Smart object will make the cropping non-destructive. You will also be able to edit and replace the image easily without having to do it over the whole process.

3] Crop the Image

This step is where you will use the Crop tool. The crop tool can be used for a few different things. Below are some of the things that you can use the Crop tool to do.


This is where you want to cut off parts of the image. You may want to remove unwanted items in a photo or you may want to remove parts of the image so that the subject of the image can be clearer. Cropping can cut off items in the photo that may be distracting from the subject of the image.

When you have moved the handle and reached the part of the image that you want to crop, release the mouse button. You will see the preview of the crop area and the part that will be cropped out.  Here you will see the grid and you can hold and move the image within the cropping box. Remember that you will lose the section that you crop off. The area outside the crop box will be deleted and the area inside the crop box will be kept. If you are satisfied with the crop preview, you can press Enter to accept or press Esc to cancel.

This is the cropped image

Rotate crop

This is the image before it was rotated and cropped.

This is the image preview before the crop is accepted

This is the image after it was rotated and cropped.

Straighten the image

When the crop tool is selected go to the top menu bar and the Straighten will be there. The straighten tool looks like the vial on a leveling tool.

Note that when the image is rotated, Photoshop will crop off the edges of the image to the point where it fits straight,

4] Extend the canvas

The Crop tool can be used to extend the canvas of a document in Photoshop. When you open the image in Photoshop, it may be a background and it does not have an independent background. You can still extend the canvas. You may want to extend the canvas to add a frame or add other objects to the image.

This is the image before it is given a new border.

By default, the newly extended portion of the canvas will be transparent. You can change the color of the newly extended portion of the canvas to any color that you want.

The new Fill layer will cover the image, you can uncover the image by dragging the fill layer below the image.

The image with the Color fill border.

The image with the Gradient fill border.

The image with the Pattern fills the border.

Read: How to make a Color Photo look like a Sketch in Photoshop CS6

Do I have to convert the image to a Smart Object before using it?

The image does not have to be converted to a smart object. However, smart objects will keep their properties and quality even when resized. Smart objects can also be easily changed out for other images, or texts without having to do over the whole project from the beginning. The replacement text, object, or image will automatically be made into a Smart object.

How To Install And Configure Basic Opnsense Firewall?

OpnSense is an open-source, easy-to-use firewall platform that provides robust network security solutions. It is based on FreeBSD and offers a user-friendly web interface for configuring and managing firewall. This article will guide you through process of installing and configuring a basic OpnSense firewall.

Step 1: Download OpnSense ISO Step 2: Create a Bootable USB Drive

Once you have downloaded ISO image, you will need to create a bootable USB drive to install OpnSense. There are several tools available for creating a bootable USB drive, such as Rufus or BalenaEtcher. Follow instructions provided by tool to create a bootable USB drive.

Step 3: Boot from USB Drive

Insert bootable USB drive into your computer and restart system. Most computers will automatically boot from USB drive if it is set as primary boot device in BIOS settings. If not, you may need to access BIOS settings and change boot order.

Step 4: Install OpnSense

Once system has booted from USB drive, you will see OpnSense installer. Follow instructions provided by installer to complete installation process. You will be prompted to select installation language, time zone, keyboard layout, and disk partitioning options. For a basic installation, you can accept default options.

Step 5: Configure Firewall

After installation is complete, you can access OpnSense web interface by opening a web browser and entering IP address assigned to firewall during installation process. default login credentials are ‘root’ for username and password that you have set up during installation.

Once you have logged in to OpnSense web interface, you will see dashboard. From here, you can configure firewall rules, interfaces, and other settings.

Step 6: Configure Interfaces Step 7: Configure Firewall Rules Step 8: Configure NAT Step 9: Enable Services

OpnSense provides several services, including DHCP, DNS, and VPN. You can enable these services by navigating to Services and selecting service that you want to enable.

Step 10: Apply Changes

It is also important to regularly update your OpnSense firewall to ensure that it remains secure and up-to-date with latest security patches. OpnSense provides automatic updates for security patches, but it is recommended to regularly check for updates and apply them as needed.

Another important aspect of network security is creating strong passwords for your OpnSense firewall and other network devices. Using weak passwords can make your network vulnerable to hacking attempts, so it is important to use strong, unique passwords and change them regularly.

OpnSense also provides a number of tools and plugins that can help you to monitor and manage your network, including traffic graphs, system logs, and bandwidth usage statistics. These tools can help you to identify potential security issues and optimize your network performance.

OpnSense also provides several additional security features, such as stateful packet inspection, deep packet inspection, and real-time threat intelligence. These features can help to identify and block malicious traffic and prevent network attacks.

In addition to built-in security features, OpnSense also supports third-party plugins and packages that can be used to extend its functionality. For example, you can install plugins for antivirus scanning, intrusion detection, or content filtering.

OpnSense also offers support for Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), which allow remote users to securely access your network from anywhere in world. This is particularly useful for businesses that have employees working remotely or for accessing your network while traveling.

OpnSense also provides support for High Availability (HA) configurations, which are designed to minimize downtime and ensure continuous availability of your network. With HA, you can set up a secondary firewall that can take over in event of a failure of primary firewall. This helps to ensure that your network remains available and secure even in event of a hardware or software failure.

OpnSense also provides support for Multi-WAN configurations, which allow you to use multiple internet connections simultaneously. This can help to improve network performance and reliability, as well as provide redundancy in event of a failure of one of internet connections.

OpnSense also provides support for VLANs, which can be used to segment your network into multiple virtual LANs. This can help improve network security by isolating sensitive data or devices from other parts of network.

OpnSense also provides support for multiple authentication methods, including LDAP, RADIUS, and Active Directory. This allows you to integrate your firewall with your existing authentication infrastructure, making it easy to manage user accounts and permissions.

Another important feature of OpnSense is its flexibility and modularity. OpnSense is based on FreeBSD, which provides a stable and reliable foundation for firewall. modular architecture of OpnSense allows you to add or remove features as needed, making it easy to customize your firewall for your specific needs.

Finally, OpnSense is constantly evolving and improving, with regular updates and new features being added all time. OpnSense development team is committed to providing a high-quality and reliable firewall platform, and active community of users and contributors ensures that OpnSense remains a cutting-edge solution for network security.


In conclusion, OpnSense is an easy-to-use firewall platform that provides robust network security solutions. By following steps outlined in this article, you can install and configure a basic OpnSense firewall. However, it is important to note that this is only beginning of firewall configuration process. To ensure that your network is fully protected, you may need to customize firewall settings based on your specific requirements.

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