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There are many reasons why you need to connect to a VPN. Maybe you need to connect to your office network so you can access some confidential files from your Home PC, or that you need an American IP to watch Hulu and listen to Pandora. Whatever the reason is, you can easily configure a VPN connection in Ubuntu and no extra installation is required.

5. Give this VPN connection a name and enter the connection detail.



Damien Oh started writing tech articles since 2007 and has over 10 years of experience in the tech industry. He is proficient in Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS, and worked as a part time WordPress Developer. He is currently the owner and Editor-in-Chief of Make Tech Easier.

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How To Connect Iphone And Ipad To A Tv

Connecting an iPhone or iPad to a TV is a great way share to content with friends and family (or have them share with you when visiting) and can also be useful in business settings. Follow along to see which of the two ways to connect your iPhone or iPad to a TV is best for you.

How to connect iPhone and iPad to a TV

When it comes to connecting your iPhone or iPad to a TV, you can choose to go with an adapter + HDMI cable or wirelessly (called mirroring) with an Apple TV. The most convenient option is connecting wirelessly, but this can be more expensive if you don’t already own an Apple TV (depending on the model). Let’s take a look at both options.

How to wirelessly mirror iPhone and iPad to a TV

Connecting wirelessly (or mirroring) to your TV with iPhone or iPad is possible via Apple software called AirPlay when you have an Apple TV.

If you don’t already own an Apple TV, the current 4th generation model goes for $150. However, you can pick up a refurbished model for $125 or sometimes you can find the previous generation Apple TV for $60 (which works with AirPlay). You’ll also need an HDMI cable, Amazon’s $6 option is tough to beat. The following images show an iPhone, however the same steps apply for iPad.

Make sure your Apple TV and iPhone or iPad are on the same wireless network

Swipe up from the bottom of your screen to pull up Control Center

Tap AirPlay Mirroring

Tap Apple TV

Whatever you pull up on your iPhone or iPad will be mirrored to your TV. Use your device in landscape mode if possible to fill up your TV screen.

You’ll notice the status bar turn blue at the top of your iPhone or iPad with the AirPlay symbol (rectangle with triangle) on the right side when you are connected to your TV.

To end mirroring with AirPlay pull up Control Center again, tap on AirPlay Mirroring, and then tap Turn Off AirPlay Mirroring.

How to connect iPhone and iPad to a TV with an adapter and cable

If you’d prefer to connect your device with a wired setup, you’ll need an adapter and an HDMI cable. First, to connect to your iPhone or iPad you’ll need Apple’s Lightning Digital AV Adapter for about $50 (this connects to the Lightning port and provides a female HDMI port). You can buy third-party options for this for about $20, but they aren’t fully functional for mirroring everything, so unless it meets your specific needs better, Apple’s official adapter is usually best.

Note: If you have an older iPhone or iPad with a 30-pin connector (iPhone 4s and earlier, iPad 3rd gen and earlier) you’ll need this adapter instead.

If you go for Apple’s adapter, an HDMI cable is not included, so you’ll be closer to $60 by the time you throw in an affordable cable.

Connect the Apple Lightning Digital AV Adapter to your iPhone or iPad

Connect an HDMI cable to the adapter and plug the other end in your TV

If the connection doesn’t seem to be working, check your TV input (match it to what physical input you are using)

Unless using an adapter and HDMI cable fits your needs especially well,  looking for a used or 3rd generation Apple TV is a good way to get the convenience of wireless AirPlay mirroring at about the same cost of investing in a wired setup.

Check out our how to guide for more ways to get the most out of your Apple devices.

FTC: We use income earning auto affiliate links. More.

How To Setup Vpn In Macos? – Webnots

VPN or Virtual Private Network allows you to bypass the Internet Service Provider and access the internet through different network. You can use VPN to unblock the sites in your area and anonymously browse internet without revealing your IP address. If you are planning to use VPN on your MacBook or iMac, here is how you can setup VPN in macOS old and new versions.

Before Setting Up VPN in Mac

Whether you want to use a free app or plan to purchase a premium subscription, make sure to understand the followings:

When connected, all your network activities will go through the VPN app. This includes browsing in browser and other ways you connect to internet through apps.

Though most of the VPN companies claim zero-log service, in general they do log the browsing activities. They are liable for any legal implications like proving access details for police investigation.

Your country may block VPN protocols thus not allowing the VPN app to connect or resulting in unstable connection.

Internet speed will be slow through VPN compared to accessing through your ISP.

VPN servers IP addresses are heavily blocked by Google. You will be prompted to confirm you are not a robot when trying to use Google Search and other services through VPN connection.

In summary, make sure to check the VPN company do not log your activities and purchase a premium subscription like ExpressVPN instead of using free apps. The stability of VPN connection has no relation with the setup on your Mac. It depends on the speed of VPN server and your internet connection.

You can setup VPN in Mac by different methods. When you do the manual setup, though the connection process remains same in old and new macOS versions, the screen interface may look different macOS Ventura (or later) and macOS Monterey (or earlier).

1. Installing VPN Apps

This is the easiest way to setup VPN in Mac.

Go to App Store and install the VPN app that you want to use.

If the app is not available in App Store, then you can download the installer package from VPN company’s website and install the app.

Download VPN App from Developer Website

Install VPN Profile in macOS

After installing the profile, you can start using the VPN app like any other app in Mac.

2. Manually Setup VPN in macOS Ventura or Later Versions

The manual setup involves adding the configuration profile manually in Mac.

VPN Settings in macOS Ventura or Later

Select VPN Protocol for Setting Up in Mac

Let us select “L2TP over IPSec…” option and the pop-up will open to fill up the details. Enter the display name for your VPN, add server IP / account, your VPN account username/password, server’s certificate for authentication and secret key details.

Enter VPN Server and User Account Details in Mac

TCP/IP, DNS and Proxies sections are used to configure the respective items if you have from the VPN company. In generally, you do not need to change these details and go to “Options” section. Here, you can allow VPN to disconnect when switching user accounts or logging out in Mac.

3. Manually Setup VPN in macOS Monterey or Earlier Versions

As mentioned, macOS Monterey or earlier versions have different user interface.

Go to Apple menu and select “System Preferences…” option.

Mac Network Preferences in Monterey or Earlier Versions

Unlock and Add VPN Configuration in macOS Monterey

Select VPN and Interface Type

Fill VPN Server IP and Configuration in macOS

Enter User Authentication Details for VPN

Advanced VPN Settings in macOS Monterey

4. Using Apple iCloud Private Relay

Apple offers in-built protection service called iCloud Private Relay. Though this is not a VPN, it helps to hide your IP address when browsing the internet using Safari. If you only want to hide your IP and browse anonymously, then you can use iCloud Private Relay instead of using third-party VPN apps. The feature is disabled by default and follow the below instructions to enable it on your Mac.

iCloud Private Relay Setting in Mac

Turn on Private Relay in macOS

Final Words

Using Private Relay is the best option if you want to hide your IP and strict to Safari browser for browsing. However, VPN apps can do better job for routing all your network connection and access blocked sites. You can find the premium app that works for you and install it from App Store or from the developer’s website. If you have the server and your account details, then it is also possible to manually setup VPN in Mac as explained above.

How To Access Exfat File System In Ubuntu

Linux (or Ubuntu, in particular) comes with support for many file systems. If you plug in your USB drive, chances are your Linux system will recognize it immediately and mount it in your file manager. However, if your external hard disk is in the exFAT format, your system won’t be able to detect it since it doesn’t support it natively. Here is how you can access, with read and write permission, to an exFAT file system in Ubuntu.


The Ubuntu repository does not come with any package that supports exFAT. To enable access to exFAT, we need to install from a third-party PPA.

In your terminal,


add-apt-repository ppa:relan




apt-get update


apt-get install

fuse fuse-exfat exfat-utils Usage

Once you have installed the exfat-utils packages, whenever you plug in your exFAT external drive. It will be detected by the system and automount. It comes with read/write access so you can copy to and paste from the drive.

In the event that your system doesn’t automount the external drive, here is what you can do to mount it manually:



















Replace the “/dev/sdb1” with the exact file path to your external hard drive.

To unmount the exFAT external drive:






exfat Why isnt’t exFAT supported natively in Linux?

The main reason why exFAT is not supported natively in Linux is because exFAT is developed by Microsoft and it comes with a restrictive license, which doesn’t allow free or open-source operating system to implement it natively.

Even though the exfat-utils package allows you to read/write to a exFAT file system, you can’t format your external hard disk to exFAT format yet. To format to exFAT file system, the only (and easiest) way now is via Windows. If you are running a Windows virtual machine, you can do so in the VM as well.


Damien Oh started writing tech articles since 2007 and has over 10 years of experience in the tech industry. He is proficient in Windows, Linux, Mac, Android and iOS, and worked as a part time WordPress Developer. He is currently the owner and Editor-in-Chief of Make Tech Easier.

Subscribe to our newsletter!

Our latest tutorials delivered straight to your inbox

Sign up for all newsletters.

By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy and European users agree to the data transfer policy. We will not share your data and you can unsubscribe at any time.

How To Set Up A Vpn On Arris Modem

How to Set Up a VPN on Arris Modem [Full Guide] Router VPNs let you use VPN traffic for all devices on your network








However, if the Arris router supports only VPN server mode, you need to purchase a separate router for VPN client setup.

On the bright side, you can set Arris in bridged mode to turn it into a modem or install third-party firmware that supports OpenVPN.

Check our installation guidelines as well as our recommendations for the best VPN clients you can use.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

If you’re wondering how to set up a VPN on an Arris modem, we’re here to guide you every step of the way.

But first, you should understand the difference between a modem and a router. A modem is a device in charge of connecting your home network with the public Internet.

Meanwhile, a router is responsible for making your home network’s devices talk to each other without having to use the public Internet.

It also forwards requests from the modem to the intended device in the intranet. A VPN can be installed on a router, not a modem.

All you need is an Arris modem that can connect with a router and a subscription with your preferred VPN compatible with routers.

How do I set up a VPN on my Arris router?

There is a wide range of VPN clients that you can install on your router. Even if they do not offer dedicated support for Arris specifically, you can flash your router and install a service that supports OpenVPN.

If you’re having VPN connection issues on your router, our guide shows how to effortlessly fix in.

What about Arris TG1672G VPN setup?

If you’re wondering how to config a VPN on an Arris TG1672G router, you can’t. Instead, you can turn it into a modem by putting it in bridge mode, purchasing a VPN router, and using it to connect to a VPN client.

For instance, if you have ExpressVPN, check out VPN routers that work with ExpressVPN and buy one to set up with your custom-made Arris modem.

This way, you don’t have to configure the Arris modem to allow VPN since you have to use the new router instead.

Why install a VPN on your Arris router?

You might be unsure about installing a VPN on your Arris router, especially if it means purchasing a VPN router because your current device doesn’t support VPN client connections.

Since your router is running all the time, it means that your VPN connection will always be up. In turn, it translates to continuous, uninterrupted online protection for all connected devices.

When installing a VPN on a router consider the following:

VPN account limits the number of simultaneous connections, it depends on each provider.

Some VPNs like Private Internet Access allow you to share the VPN account and stay connected to PIA’s servers at the same time.

A router can support unlimited connections since it’s considered a device that connects two or more packet-switched networks or subnetworks.

You don’t have to worry about IP or DNS leaks during Internet connection drops, which are typically covered by the VPN client’s kill switch.

Your Arris router will auto-connect to the VPN once the Internet connection is re-established.

What VPNs are compatible with the Arris router?

Developed by Kape Technologies, Private Internet Access (PIA) is the best VPN overall, and that’s why we used it in our Arris router VPN setup instructions.

You can also set up OpenVPN manual configuration mode if your device supports it since it’s more secure than PPTP.

Furthermore, PIA uses military-grade encryption to protect your data from hackers. It has exclusive DNS servers to secure your DNS requests.

And, if you stumble upon technical difficulties, you can turn to the 24/7 live chat support.

More about PIA:

+35,000 VPN servers in 80+ countries

Compatible with all major platforms

No logs or leaks

30-day money-back guarantee

Private Internet Access

Protect your entire household devices by installing PIA’s VPN configurations on your Arris router.

Check price Visit website

Another reliable VPN service that you can install to your Aris router is NordVPN. The tool has great server coverage all around the world, with over 5000 servers.

This VPN supports OpenVPN and offers dedicated guidelines and installation packages for all its server locations. It’s a great option for those that want to create more than one VPN profile within your router’s setup.

Other key features of NordVPN include:

Strict no logs policy

Automatic kill switch

DNS protection

Onion over VPN


Encrypt your traffic data for untraceable browsing and fast connections!

Check price Visit website

Known for its high-speed connection and ease of use, ExpressVPN is another user favorite, and for good reason.

It offers dedicated support for OpenVPN, being a reliable client for Arris routers if you decide to flash your router with third-party firmware.

Along with OpenVPN, ExpressVPN also supports other protocols, including Lightway, which is actually a proprietary protocol that’s built to provide a fast connection without compromising on security.

Other key features of ExpressVPN include:

Server locations in 94 countries

IP address masking

24-hour live chat support

VPN split tunneling

Trusted server technology


Protect your network with military-grade encryption and enjoy speedy, unlimited Internet!

Free Visit website

Surfshark is a great VPN that will let you secure your entire household both by allowing direct installation to your router, but also thanks to its unlimited connections feature.

This VPN client lets you use its server on any device without placing any limit for simultaneous connections. It supports Open VPN and manual installation, so it’s a great option for Arris routers.

Surfshark offers private DNS on every server which contributes to preventing data leaks. Moreover, it has a kill switch option that temporarily stops all traffic in case you disconnect.

Other key features of Surfshark include:

Camouflage mode to hide your traffic data even from your ISP

Generous server network

Powerful AES-256 bit encryption

Secure protocols including IKEv2/IPSec and OpenVPN


Install Surfshark to your router and make sure all your devices are secured, at all times!

Check price Visit website

CyberGhost VPN can be installed on an Arris router if you flash it with DD-WRT firmware or use the FlashRouters privacy app. You can find dedicated guides on the official website.

The VPN has thousands of servers worldwide and offers downloadable OpenVPN files for all locations.

This VPN client includes dedicated adblock and malicious content blocking features that will help you have a safe experience on the Internet.

Other key features of CyberGhost include:

DNS leak protection

Emergency killswitch

Dedicated IP

8000+ servers

Public Wi-Fi protection

CyberGhost VPN

Protect your entire household with powerful VPN servers from any location in the world!

Check price Visit website

Are there any downsides?

There are some minor inconveniences to using a VPN on your Arris router. For example, if you need to change the VPN server address, you have to access the router’s admin panel each time.

Plus, all devices will be connected to the same VPN server. If one person wants to unblock Netflix UK and another wants to unblock Netflix US, they can’t do this simultaneously because they’re bound to the same VPN server location.

In conclusion, it’s not challenging at all to set up a VPN on an Arris router. You just need a VPN router and a premium VPN subscription.

In just a few minutes, you will be able to share your VPN traffic with all nearby devices.

Your connection is not secure – websites you visit can find out your details:

Use a VPN to protect your privacy and secure your connection.

We recommend Visit Private Internet Access

We recommend Private Internet Access , a VPN with a no-log policy, open source code, ad blocking and much more; now 79% off.

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How Apple Can Get Users To Connect With Apple Music’s Connect

Apple’s Connect service, the company’s own aspiring social component to Apple Music, has visibly taken a back seat in iOS 10. In its original conception, Connect was resourceful and prominently placed in Music. Fast forward one year and you would be forgiven for thinking that Apple’s network for musicians and their followers had been as good as abandoned over night.

Why did I not notice earlier? Presumably because Apple did not deliver the goods with iOS 9 and gave very little impetus to repeatedly check in on my artists’ Connect posts. It was never habit-forming as its features, or lack thereof, did not resonate enough with me to remind myself of its existence on a day to day basis. Sooner than later, the Connect icon became nothing but an idle tab wedged in between Radio and My Music.

Before picking apart the shortcomings of Connect, one needs to spare a thought for Apple and the conundrum they now face. With iOS 9 they were bold believers of Connect (promoted and highlighted like in the image above) and copped an echo unsavoury enough to relegate the service to almost-oblivion. But shunned as it is now, future improvements will also escape most users’ notice – because out of sight, out of mind.

The key would therefore be to subtly promote Connect back to Music’s main interface, without displacing the new hierarchy in the bottom row of icons. Alternatively, talks of a standalone app for Connect could resurface, especially in light of a crucial deal Apple recently struck with an audience-grabbing pop culture fad.

Plan A

Secondly, there are plenty of other deft ways to display Connect content in Music without forcing a dedicated tab down our throats. When I tap the album art in my Podcast app, the cover flips around and offers me show-notes. A mechanism like this for Apple Music would make checking your artists’ latest status so, so easy. When you start to listen to a song and glance at the album cover, wouldn’t it be cool to be able to hit that album and read what they have been up to on Connect?

Plan A requires more intuitive snippets of Connect sprinkled here and there inside Music, as opposed to a full blown tab. Furthermore, integration of Connect into other Apple apps, such as Apple News, would enrich News on the one hand and most certainly boost engagement with Connect on the other.

Plan B

Take the Connect out of Music and launch a brand new Connect app. Said application would have to nicely link and jump between Apple’s social network and Apple Music (similar to how Facebook has split Facebook from Messenger), and would give Apple the opportunity to unleash something big, colorful and beautiful on the inside.

Apple Music in itself is a beast, which impacts and constraints Connect’s depth notably. You just cannot have a fully fledged app inside another app. Therefore, offering a new platform that houses a far richer social component, including chat functionality amongst followers or possibly discussion boards, could attract the same people feeling uninvolved with Connect right now. At the same time, Connect could also easily disassociate from the reputation of delivering music related content only, a shift that Apple is eventually likely to make anyway. Connect could represent the new haven for all subscription-based entertainment distributed by Apple.

A fitting moment to pull the trigger on the transformation of Connect would be in early 2023, when Apple are reportedly set to release the first instalments of Carpool Karaoke. As peculiar as the acquisition of it seemed at the time, there is no doubt Apple will ensure it gets proper exposure when released. What better way to promote a new app and the singing skits than to introduce a brand new icon on your home screen?

Does Connect still have enough fight left?

It remains to be seen if Apple still has hopes for the Connect platform. Time is definitely not on its side and a facelift or complete overhaul becomes more unlikely with every day passing, in as much as innovation is only going to stick with customers if they haven’t already dismissed the product. This leaves us with the second approach. Is it feasible? Absolutely. Could Apple be of the same opinion? We will find out.

The proposition of Connect is great and we know Apple has the muscles to push it, but they will have to prove they also have the smarts.

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