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Is there anything worse than battery anxiety? We’re all becoming dependent on wonderful mobile technologies such as smartphones to make our lives easier and more pleasant. While these devices have become incredibly power-efficient, we’re still pretty far away from only having to recharge once every few days.

Table of Contents

Sure, a power bank is literally a “plug-and-play” product, but there are some things every user of these popular devices should know. After all, they are much more sophisticated than most of us realize. To help you be a more informed user (and buyer) of power banks, here are some essential facts you should commit to memory before using one again.

Power Banks Use (Potentially Dangerous) Lithium Ion Batteries

That translates to an explosion or fire, which is pretty serious! You may have heard horror stories about houses burning down from faulty hoverboards or phones exploding in people’s pockets. That’s what happens when lithium ion batteries go bad.

The only reason the actual accident rates are acceptable comes down to the host of safety standards and technologies built into lithium devices. However, your power bank’s lithium battery can turn into a dangerous object through misuse as well. Being pierced or crushed is one surefire way of causing an internal short and subsequent flameout.

At the same time, you should only buy and use power banks that are branded and have certification from consumer safety organisations. UL certification is probably the most common standard in the USA, with other territories having their own equivalents.

Power banks needs to have several features such as overcharge, overvolt and overheating protection to be considered safe for use. Unbranded, uncertified products may have only some or none of these features. Which is a recipe for disaster!

Power Bank Capacity Isn’t Always What it Seems

Power banks are almost universally rated in milliampere hours, abbreviated as “mAh”. This is a measure of how much electrical charge the battery can hold.

To see how this makes a difference we need yet another unit, the watt hour (Wh). This is the unit your electric bill is measured in and indicates the actual energy used.

Using an mAh to Wh calculator, we see that at 3.7V our 10 000 mAh power bank has 37 Wh of energy. However, our 2500 mAh phone battery charged at 5V needs 12.5 Wh. That only give us about three full recharges rather than four at best!

The Amps Matter Too

There is a downside to this though. Faster discharging causes increased heat in the battery. The hotter the battery gets, the less efficient it is. So using the faster port could have a noticeable impact on how much charge you get out at the end of the day.

If you’re going to get to a place where you can recharge your power bank before you’re out of options, then it’s generally better to always use the high-amperage port. Especially if you want to actively use the phone for power hungry applications such as GPS navigation.

Quick Charge Standards Make All the Difference

If you have a modern, mid-range or better smartphone, you’ll know that it can charge pretty quickly from the wall. So it may be surprising when many power banks can take a whole day to charge up. There are various reasons for this, but if you are going to use a power bank often and not simply keep one for emergencies, faster charging times are critical.

Pass-Through Charging Is a Useful Feature

Which brings us to another issue. Assuming that you only have one charger, should you charge your power bank or device first? If you have a power bank with support for pass-through charging, then this is one dilemma you don’t have to face.

Some Laptops Can Be Charged By SOME Power Banks

There are two main ways your laptop can be charged using a power bank. In both cases, you need a power bank with the right features. Many modern laptops, especially ultrabooks, can now be charged via USB-C. If your laptop can be charged via USB-C, which is what the included charger will use, then you can also use a powerbank that has a USB-C output and supports the USB-C PD (Power Delivery) standard.

Now, what if you have a laptop that doesn’t support charging via USB-C? Then you’ll need a special power bank with a 12V laptop output. This is a non-USB port that works with a proprietary cable provided by the power bank maker.

You Can Jump Start a Car With Special Power Banks

It’s true! There are some specialized power banks out there that come with an attachment that allows you to jump-start your car. These are more expensive than your run-of-the-mill power banks and are best left in a safe spot in your car.

Limited Lifespans Are The Order of the Day

Lithium batteries gradually lose their charge capacity with every recharge. It’s not like an on-off switch where the battery will work one minute and then stop the next. The total amount of power that the battery can store just gradually becomes less until it really starts to drop off.

Never Worry About Running Out of Power Again

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Everything You Should Know About Eliminating Bottlenecks In Your Workflow

Your business can experience bottlenecks for a variety of reasons. It is essential that you identify and fix these issues so that your workflow levels improve.

One example of how to eliminate bottlenecks in your workflow would be to use data warehouse solutions to help organize and streamline your data using by using one central platform for greater efficiency.

Let’s take a look at some typical workflow bottlenecks and how to fix them.

Understanding What a Bottleneck is and What Type It is

Your first task is to identify what type of bottleneck your business is experiencing. It is imperative to pinpoint whether you have created a temporary issue that needs resolving or you have a more long-term systemic problem.

The best type of bottleneck, if there is one, is a short-term bottleneck. A temporary problem such as when a key team member becomes unavailable, for whatever reason, could create a backlog and delays because there is no one else available who has the same skills and knowledge to fill their role.

This short-term backlog is the easiest to fix as you can easily identify why you are experiencing delays and know that the problem will be resolved when the key worker returns to their desk.

Long-term bottlenecks are obviously much more of a problem. If you find the same delays to your process each month there is clearly an issue that needs to be fixed so that your workflow improves.

You should not accept these bottlenecks as something you simply have to contend with as part of your workflow. These inefficiencies can cause lost revenue, cause customer dissatisfaction, and unnecessary stress amongst your workforce.

Also read:

How to Calculate Your Body Temperature with an iPhone Using Smart Thermometer

Identifying a Bottleneck

Bottlenecks can occur across a range of different tasks and scenarios. A good example would be to look at what a performer-based bottleneck looks like.

It is relatively easy to spot if you have a problem with one of your processes. If a task is taking much longer than anticipated every time you need to break down the process and try to identify what it is that is taking longer than it should.

Setting up a new customer on your database, for example, should take a limited amount of time to input their details and check all of the information is correct.

If you take the time to create a workflow document that shows each stage of the process you might be able to spot some points in the process that could be improved or eliminated altogether.

System-Based Bottlenecks

Trying to identify whether you are suffering from a system-based bottleneck requires you to check whether a process is being delayed as a result of a technology issue.

It could be an uploading error, or it may be possible that your system is slower than it should be in processing data.

A good way of spotting that you might have a system-based bottleneck that needs identifying is when the same complaints from users keep surfacing about either certain elements of the program, or the system itself.

Long wait times to get the information and reporting data you want are a surefire sign that your business is experiencing a system-based bottleneck.

There are also some other ways to find bottlenecks. A good way of achieving this aim would be to use process mapping.

Process mapping is a great way to analyze your entire workflow so that you can see if every aspect of the process is compliant and working in the right way. You will need to create a suitable flowchart and it may also be necessary to carry out a workflow audit.

Fixing The Problems

Once you have identified where the bottleneck in your process is you will obviously want to apply a fix to get things running more smoothly and efficiently.

There are two fundamental ways to unblock the bottlenecks.

The first of those would be to find a way to increase the efficiency of the bottlenecked step that you identified. It depends on what the specific issue is as to what level and type of fix you apply.

A good example of a system-based fix would be to upgrade your software or consider whether using a data warehouse solution might give you a more streamlined and increased level of computing power.

Another way of approaching the problem could be to look at how you can decrease input to the bottlenecked step. You might be able to identify a way to reduce the volume of tasks that lead up to this point in the workflow or it might be feasible to find a way of eliminating the step in the process altogether.

If you are able to do this, it would obviously resolve the bottleneck and that should deliver an instant improvement in productivity and efficiency.

Another consideration would be to try and work out of your bottleneck is happening as a result of relying on manual input. It could be that you find a way to remove human intervention in a part of the process that is suffering blockages by finding a way to fix the problem with automation.

Eliminating bottlenecks in your workflow can sometimes be easy to identify and fix. Some challenges are more complex, but with the help of workflow audits and by mapping out your processes you should be able to identify and resolve any workflow bottlenecks in your business.

Everything You Need To Know About Jiomoney

JioMoney – Frequently Asked Questions

Question: How to register for JioMoney?

Question: Who is eligible for a Jio’s digital wallet account?

Answer: Any user who is above 10 years of age can use JioMoney and operate.

Answer: The app store sensitive information of a user on its secured servers, which is backed by world-class security procedures and cutting-edge technology. The credentials used by consumers are kept intact with the company and not shared with anyone when a user pays with the wallet. Further, a user should not share its sensitive information like mPIN and password details with anyone.

Question: What if I lose my phone, is my JioMoney amount safe?

Answer: If a user lost its phone then also the money is 100% safe in the wallet. As the wallet is operated through mPIN and password, nobody can access the information on your JioMoney. Further, if you suspect any unauthorized activity on your wallet, then you can suspend your account and block payment by calling the customer service number 1800-891-999 or can write to [email protected]

Answer: A user who has a Registered mobile number with any telecom operator can sign-up with JioMoney.

Question: What are the different types of accounts offered by JioMoney?

Answer: Jio’s wallet offers two types of accounts:

Basic Account: A basic account user can make transaction up to Rs. 10,000 per calendar month. No documents are required for ‘Basic Account’.

Advanced Account: A premium account user can store Rs. 1,00,000 stored in the JioMoney account for any calendar month, and make unlimited transactions.

Answer: No, there are no charges for using JioMoney

Question: Does JioMoney has any expiry policy?

Answer: No, your account is valid till the time you registered mobile number is in use.

Answer: Only one account.

Question: How can a user load money on its account?

Answer: A user can load money through Net Banking, credit/debit card.

Question: What will happen if a user fails to load his account?

Answer: If a user is unable to make the payment due to failure, the deducted amount will be refunded to the account or card.

Answer: No.

Question: Who all can a user pay using Jio wallet?

Answer: For all the Jio services, e-commerce websites, utility bills, electricity bills, gas, landline, insurance premiums, prepaid mobile recharges, and DTH connections. You can also do charity at National Association of Blind, Siddivinayak Trust, CRY etc. Apart from this, you can make payments to other JioMoney users.

Answer: JioMoney is available as a payment method at more than 50,000 e-commerce websites. Apart from this, you can also make payment through mobile app options which are offered by a number of online merchants.

Question: How to make payment at a neighborhood store or a shopping mall?

Answer: By choosing ‘Pay at Shop’ in the app and proceeding the payment.

Question: How to determine the payment is successful?

Question: How to send/receive money on the wallet?

Question: How to unlock the account?

Answer: If your account is locked after 3 consecutive incorrect mPIN attempts then you can contact JioMoney customer care at 1800-891-9999 (toll-free) or write to [email protected]

Question: How to give feedback to JioMoney?

Question: How to check account balance?

Question: How to update JioMoney profile?

Everything You Need To Know About 4K

What is 4K?

4K is a standard for video content that outputs at a resolution of 3840 x 2160 pixels. Essentially, each frame of 4K movie contains approximately four times the detail found in the FHD or HD version of that movie.

Sony

Importantly, you’ll need a 4K TV to watch 4K video content. You can’t just watch it on your old HD TV. You’ll need to upgrade.

Is 4K the same as HDR?

No. HDR is a separate standard that spins-off of 4K resolution that deals with how wide the colour-gamut of the display output is.

For more on this, read our feature on Everything You Need To Know About HDR TVs.

Can HD content be upscaled to 4K?

Samsung

Yes. However, not without some loss in quality.

Most modern 4K TVs support native upscaling – automatically resizing HD and FHD quality content to suit the larger resolution. Non-4K content will generally look better on a 4K TV than a HD one – but not as good as properly mastered 4K content will.

It’s for this reason that most film distributors are currently re-releasing older films in 4K.

Where can I get 4K content?

Apple

There are two main ways to get 4K content. The first and easiest way is to buy physical 4K Blu-Rays via retail chains like JB Hi-Fi, EZYDVD, or online through channels like Amazon. While the initial crop of 4K Blu-Ray content was limited to one or two of the major studios, most major Hollywood releases nowadays tend to get a 4K release including films like Mortal Combat, Godzilla, Red Sparrow and Avengers: Infinity War.

You can also now buy classic films that have been remastered in 4K, including oldies like: Psycho and The Wizard of Oz and more recent films like, Gladiator, Back To The Future Trilogy and Inception.

Bear in mind that, if you’re looking to watch 4K Blu-Ray content, you’ll also need to invest in 4K Blu-Ray player and a 4K-ready HDMI 2.0 cable.

The other place you’ll be able to find 4K content is through digital distribution channels like iTunes and the Google Play Movies store. Unfortunately for Australian audiences, only select studios are currently offering 4K content through these channels at the time of writing.

Foxtel also has 4K channels, including a 4K Ultra HD movie channel and a 4K Ultra HD sports channel. To view the Foxtel 4K content, you’ll need a 4K TV, active Foxtel subscription and the company’s new iQ4 set top box.

Can I stream 4K content on a streaming service like Netflix?

Netflix

That’s the other major source for 4K content at the moment. Netflix, Stan and Amazon Prime all support 4K content for most of their original series and some licensed content.

Of course, in order for you to access any of that content, you’ll need adequate bandwidth. For Netflix users, this translates to the following:

0.5 Megabits per second – Required broadband connection speed

1.5 Megabits per second – Recommended broadband connection speed

3.0 Megabits per second – Recommended for SD quality

5.0 Megabits per second – Recommended for HD quality

25 Megabits per second – Recommended for Ultra HD quality

Select original streaming content on these platforms has also been graded to make use of HDR standards like HDR10 and Dolby Vision.

Can I play video games in 4K?

4A Games

4K gaming is supported by Sony’s PlayStation 4 Pro and PlayStation 5, Microsoft’s Xbox One X, Xbox One S and Xbox Series X consoles.

However, it’s worth noting that, only the standard PlayStation 5, Xbox One X, Xbox One S and Xbox Series X support physical 4K Blu-ray discs.

Rumours are currently rife that we will soon see a Nintendo Switch 2 that supports 4K gameplay, yet nothing concrete has yet been confirmed.

As for PC, 4K gaming is taking off rapidly with 4K monitors now easy to find and also highly affordable. There are many games now available that support 4K, including titles like Metro Exodus, Metal Gear Solid V and Battlefield 1.

Once again, you will need the correct hardware. As well as a 4K monitor, you will need a graphics card that can support 4K gameplay. The newer and more powerful your graphics card, the better.

Optimally, you will want to have an Nvidia RTX 30 Series or AMD Radeon RX6000 Series graphics card installed, since these are the newest and most optimised graphics cards for 4K gaming. However, you could also get away with an older graphics card as long as it isn’t too underpowered. We wouldn’t recommend anything older or less powerful than Nvidia’s GeForce GTX 1080 Ti or RTX 2070 Ti, or AMD’s Radeon RX 5700 XT.

You’ll also want nothing less powerful than an Intel Core i7 or AMD Ryzen 7 processor to make 4K gaming on your PC worthwhile.

Everything You Need To Know About Wireless Charging

How It Works

When using the term “wireless charging,” it somehow seems like you will be able to charge your phone at any distance from the charging unit. It’s misleading but a necessary evil that provides a simpler terminology to understand. The reality is that “wireless charging” is actually magnetic induction charging.

Magnetic induction chargers, as the name implies, have a strong electromagnetic coil in the center that generates a field. The moment you place your device on a charging surface, the charger’s magnetic coil will turn on, and your device will charge by utilizing the magnetic field generated by it. The device’s end functions in reverse, taking the magnetic field and converting it into usable energy.

Please note that this is different from the magnetic charging cables found in some Mac models. These cables use magnets for attaching to their ports, but pass current from point A to point B through conduction, not induction.

How Fast Does Your Phone Charge?

The speed of a phone’s charging cycle depends entirely on amperage and voltage. If you multiply both, you end up with the effective wattage in power being transferred from the charger to the phone. A 12-volt charger delivering 500 milliamps of nominal current will charge at 6 watts of nominal power. Phone battery capacity is measured in milliamp-hours (mAh). On the other hand, the average charger will show you how much voltage in direct current (DC) it will deliver, and at what amperage it will deliver it.

Typical wall chargers will deliver 1 amp of nominal current at 5 volts of tension. This charges a 3,000 mAh battery in roughly 3.6 hours. Most wireless chargers will also follow this guideline (5 volts of tension), but will lower the amperage slightly (the highest I’ve seen is 0.65 amps). Expect your phone to take longer to charge in this instance. To get a feel for how long your phone will take to charge on a wireless charger, check its amperage and compare it to the 1-amp nominal current delivered by the typical wall charger.

There Are Other Devices That Use Induction Charging

Is Hijacking Your Phone Through the Wireless Charger Possible?

You may have heard of cases in which people’s phones were hacked and information was stolen through the charger in a public place. A new concern is on the rise as more restaurants and other public venues are offering free wireless charging to individuals with smartphones. Can the same thing happen through this new kind of charger?

The answer (so far) is a resounding “no.” The reason why wired charging stations were able to steal information was because it relied on the phone’s USB port (all five wires). This allowed some charging stations to act as a computer that would interact with the phone. With wireless charging, the induction coils have only one purpose: Turn on the magnet so the phone can chug some juice.

Of course, that all may change if phone manufacturers decide to allow their devices to use wireless chargers as information exchange points. When that time comes, this will become a legitimate concern.

Miguel Leiva-Gomez

Miguel has been a business growth and technology expert for more than a decade and has written software for even longer. From his little castle in Romania, he presents cold and analytical perspectives to things that affect the tech world.

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What You Should Know About Business Partner Concept In Sap?

Searching for an SAP Business Partner can be a crucial task for your business. Business Partners bring a lot of added functionality to your organization and help them become more beneficial and improve operational efficiency. If you are looking for an SAP Business One partner in Pune then you should familiarize yourself with the concept of business partners and what they do.

What is an SAP Business Partner?

SAP Business Partner is an organization, group of organizations, person, or group of persons in which a company has a business interest. A company would use a partner for a variety of business transactions like order processing and creating sales and purchase orders.

Also read: Top 10 IT Skills in Demand for 2023

Business Partner Categories

There are 3 categories of SAP Business partners.

These are:

Organizations

People

Groups

Concept of SAP Business Partner

An SAP Business Partner becomes the leading object and maintains the master data of the supplier as well as the customer. This approach makes data maintenance easier and creates harmony between the different business functions of a company. Here are some benefits of SAP Business Partner.

Brings Diverse Business Processes Together

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Plays Multiple Roles

Since business partner functions are the same for all, you don’t need to create separate general data for every business partner role. This way, you can use one business partner for different applications. For instance, you can interact with a particular business partner as a vendor in a vendor role or as a customer in a customer role.

Eliminates Data Redundancy

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Characteristics of SAP Business Partner

SAP Business Partner is a legal entity and represents the same.

You can maintain multiple addresses with their corresponding address usages with the help of an SAP Business Partner.

Unlike the old approach where you can associate one account group with only one customer, now you can assign multiple roles to the same account group or business partner. This is called the business partner approach.

With features like reuse of data and maximum data sharing, you can consolidate data easily.

While the specific data is stored for each role, different business partner roles will have the same general data available.

You can easily maintain multiple relationships with the same business partner.

You can maintain the time dependency at different addresses relationships, sub-entities & roles, bank accounting, etc.

SAP Business Partner Roles

Roles are referred to as the different functions an SAP Business Partner can serve within a company. The partner acts as a database for the organization and stores information about every person, group, or organization involved in business with them.

Since a business partner can support different roles, the system won’t have to store redundant data for multiple objects. Instead, the roles can just be added to the business partner account.

Some of the roles in which a business partner can be created are:

Customer

Employee

Contact

Prospect

Supplier (Vendor)

Payer

Plant

Employee Responsible

Organizational Unit

Custom Created Roles

SAP Business partner configuration is an important process for any growing business. Apart from comparing the SAP Business One pricing of different SAP Business One partners in Pune, or any other location for that matter, you should see what roles and characteristics they possess that will help you grow your business. This article should help you know all about the business partner concept in SAP.

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