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Coordinates the economic and fiscal policymaking of the 19 European Union (EU) member states
Published December 21, 2023
Updated July 7, 2023What is the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)?
The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) integrates the economies of the 19 European Union (EU) member states through a group of economic and monetary policies. All the EU states are in the economic union, but not all are in the monetary union, i.e., Bulgaria, Poland, Denmark, and the UK. EMU was launched in 1992 to improve economic stability and provide strong and sustainable growth in the region.Summary
The European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) integrates the economies of its member states through the coordination of their economic and fiscal policymaking and a common monetary policy with a common currency – the euro.
The Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) coordinates the fiscal policies across member states through government deficit and debt limitations.
The EMU was established to improve economic stability and provide strong and sustainable growth.Understanding the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)
The Economic and Monetary Union is a step that the EU took to further integrate the economic markets of the member states. The EMU countries coordinate their economic and fiscal policymaking initiatives and share a common monetary policy with a common currency – the euro.
The fiscal policies are coordinated mainly through government deficit and debt limitations under the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP). According to the SGP, government deficits must be limited to below 3% of GDP, and government debts must be less than 60% of GDP.
The monetary policy and euro are managed by the European Central Bank (ECB) and national central banks, with a medium-term inflation target of close to but below 2% across the eurozone. The 2% inflation rate is considered to be optimal for economic growth and employment rate.
The monetary policy decision-making is independent of outside influence. The countries that are members of the EU but not within the eurozone coordinate their monetary policy with the ECB.Organizational Structure of EMU
There are seven major actors responsible for the economic governance in the EMU as listed below:
The European Council is responsible for setting the policy orientations.
The Council of the EU (a.k.a. the Council) negotiates and adopts EU laws, as well as coordinates policies together with the European Parliament.
The Eurogroup coordinates the policy of currency and the common interest across the eurozone member states.
The Member States set their own budgets and structure policies while following the coordinated deficit and debt limits.
The European Commission is responsible for performance and compliance monitoring.
The ECB is the central supervisor of the financial institutions within the eurozone. As mentioned above, it sets the monetary policy with the primary objective of price stability.
The European Parliament formulate legislation and establish budgets together with the Council. It is also responsible for the democratic scrutiny of all EU institutions.
Under the monetary and fiscal policies coordinated, adopted, and monitored by the institutions, the EMU facilitates the member states with economic stability and a more effective single market.History of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU)
The EU started to dream about establishing a system with a common economic policy and currency in the late 1960s. However, it’s been a complex process to develop such a system. The history of EMU can be divided into three stages, starting from 1990.
The first stage was from 1990 to 1993. During the initial stage, the completion of the EMU was officially set as a formal objective with a group of economic convergence criteria regarding the inflation rate, interest rate, and exchange rate.
At the second stage, from 1994 to 1998, details of the new currency – the euro – were set. The European Monetary Institute was established to manage the cooperation of monetary policy across the national banks of member states. The role of the institute was then taken over by ECB later. The SGP was also established and adopted at this stage.
The third stage started in 1999, with the official launch of the euro and a common monetary policy. Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, and other European countries started to join the EMU.Learn More
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An international agreement that led to the formation of the European Union
Published June 19, 2023
Updated February 8, 2023What is the Maastricht Treaty?
The Treaty of the European Union (EU), which is commonly known as the Maastricht Treaty, is the international agreement that led to the formation of the European Union. The treaty was signed in 1991 by twelve member states and became effective in 1993.
The EU is essentially a political and economic bloc. The political aims broadly include shared European citizenship and the upholding of liberal democratic values. The economic aims broadly include the establishment of a free trade zone and an economic cooperation zone.Key Highlights
The Treaty of the European Union (EU), which is commonly known as the Maastricht Treaty, is the international agreement that led to the formation of the European Union.
The treaty set forth certain criteria to be followed by all member states for the fulfillment of the goals of a political and economic union.EU Membership
The Maastricht Treaty required each member state to vote to approve the formation of the European Union. It was signed into effect on February 7, 1992, and it’s been amended with several other treaties that dictate the functioning of the European Union over the years.
The original twelve member states of the EU were West Germany, Denmark, Ireland, Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, France, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Greece, Portugal, and Spain. As of 2023, the European Union lists a total of 28 members.
The Euro is the official currency of 19 countries in the European Union. It means that the European Central Bank (ECB) sets the monetary policy and print the single common currency for the member countries.
Once the EU was formed, every national of each of the member states was granted citizenship of the European Union. It meant the freedom of movement, residence, and the right to contest in local and EU elections.The European Monetary Union
The European Monetary System, which was created in 1979, aimed to promote monetary stability among all its member nations as its primary goal. Later on, the creation of the European Monetary Union (EMU), aimed to solidify the goal into a reality, especially with a common currency.
The Maastricht Treaty set forth certain criteria to be followed by all member states for the fulfillment of the same. They needed to consider the problems of the disparities among real exchange rate convergences of the member states, and more importantly, the difference in fiscal imbalances of the members. Thus, for the convergence of the economies, the following goals were set:1. Price stability
The inflation rate of any member state cannot exceed by a set variable inflation rate of the three countries with the lowest inflation rates in the region. The set variable was an inflation rate of 1.5% as measured by the Consumer Price Index.2. Reasonable and responsible interest rates
The long-term interest rates of each state cannot exceed by a set variable, the average inflation levels in the three countries with the lowest inflation levels in the region. The variable was set to 2%.3. Sustainable and responsible public finance
The general budget deficit of each member state may not exceed more than 3% of the gross domestic product. Moreover, the total government debt of the country must not exceed 60% of the gross domestic product.
It was important because even though the ECB would take hold of monetary policy in member states, sovereign states would still be autonomous in relation to fiscal policy.4. Stable exchange rates
The currencies of all member states must remain in the normal fluctuation margin.
The formation of the EMU created a common monetary and economic union, a central banking system, and gave its members a common currency.
In 1998, the ECB was created. It means that the conversion rates between the currencies of member states were fixed as a prelude to the euro, which began circulating in 2002. The main aim of the ECB is to maintain price stability in the region, i.e., to safeguard the euro’s value.
The formation of the eurozone led to increased cooperation between member states as it enabled the free movement of capital. It also led to increased cooperation between the central banks of member states and the ECB, which now dictates monetary policy to all members.Additional Resources
European Central Bank
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This last came to mind right before I started writing, as stories broke that here in the US there were 73K head and neck injuries a year from the smartphone design, which resulted in folks being injured while texting and walking. And this is on top of the thousands of automobile accidents, often deadly, from people doing the same thing while driving.
Let’s talk about how we could clean slate both the PC and the Smartphone and come up with something far safer and far more effective than either device this week.
The Desktop PC was created in the 1980s and the current clamshell design for the laptop was created in the 1990s, both at a time when processing power was relatively low, there was no Wi-Fi, WAN, AI, or Bluetooth. All that all started showing up one or two decades later and the world, at least with regard to malware, was a far safer place.
The current Smartphone design was driven by Apple in the mid-2000s and largely based on the need to blend the iPod with the Smartphone and prevent Apple from losing its dominance in entertainment if someone else merged the two designs.
The driver wasn’t really communications. The initial iPhones weren’t good at that, but in adding telephone features to the iPod before someone else did making the iPod, and Apple’s related success at the time, redundant.
It is a much newer design, but the driver was wrong-headed for a device whose primary function was communication and thus the unintended consequence of making the result very unsafe for those using it while walking or driving.
In short, the current PC designs, particularly laptops, are well out of date for the connectivity solutions that surround them, and the current dominant Smartphone design is unsafe and sub-optimal for communication. I should add that the Cloud, 5G, and Wi-Fi 6 are connectivity and performance game changers that alone should have us rethinking these designs.
Blending the performance increases that Qualcomm showcased – with their new 865 and 765 5G parts – with Cloud based resources you have the potential to emulate the functions of a PC and Smartphone.
What I’m thinking of is a blend of:
haptic gloves (which could also be designed to reduce the transfer of diseases)
a computing battery component you’d place someplace on your body providing both connectivity to remote resources and local processing power
This last would put the powerful radio away from your head where concerns are growing that existing designs may be unhealthy.
This blended design containing instrumentation for our hands, ears, and eyes would not only be adaptable for VR interaction but better address the needs for those that are partially disabled. It could be readily adapted for those that had lost the use of their hands, eyes or ears.
This would not potentially massively reduce the safety hazards connected with current Smartphone designs. But it would make us more productive by allowing us to communicate and create more effectively in a wider variety of use cases.
At the Qualcomm Technology Summit, I saw the potential for a very different technology future. By recombining the wireless, performance, Cloud, display, and AI technologies, they showcased what I think we could come up with a blended design. It would combine the functions of both Smartphones and PCs into something far safer, far more productive, and far more able to adjust to our needs than what we now have in the market.
One of the concepts the industry has been talking about is the Singularity or the seamless blend of human and machine. This could be one of the bridging foundational changes that takes us down the path to that likely eventuality.
A slew of apps either updated or made announcements recently, and 9to5Mac gathered the most noteworthy ones in our regular round up below. Today’s crop includes a new project on Indiegogo, UI tweaks to popular iOS apps, a Mac app adding more features, interface refreshes for a Web browser and an instant-messaging client, and even some new Flipboard stats in celebration of its second birthday. Per usual, we will continue to update this list throughout the day.
Check them out:Related articles
The easiest way to learn about Findables, one of the latest projects to launch a fund-raising campaign on Indiegogo, is to simply watch the video above. The service allows users to put a “digital fingerprint” on anything—from laptops to animals. Once the code is scanned, users can share specific profiles for different needs. In the campaign video, the developers demonstrate how users can toggle between business and social profiles with just a tap. Findables has currently raised $680 (as of press time) of its $12,500 goal, but it still has 31 days left to go. Check it out: Make Yourself, Your iPhone, And All Your Stuff Findable
Version 2.8.1 hit today with new user-interface actions. Folks can now purchase songs by simply tapping the iTunes button on the Now Playing screen, and they can further save a station or artist by tapping the app’s Heart icon. This will add the desired content to their Favorites menu, which is accessible on any device with a free TuneIn account. The update requires iOS 4 and above.
This news-aggregating app did not receive an update, but the service announced its second birthday today. Flipboard launched iPhone and smartphone editions last year, and since then it has “debuted features like Cover Stories, audio and shopping; added seven new social networks; forged partnerships with publishers like The New York Times, and localized into eight languages.” The most notable tidbit, however, is that Flipboard reached 20 million users. Moreover, it experiences one new user per second. Happy Birthday, Flipboard!
This popular alternative Web browser just went to version 6.0. The update refreshes the design and interface with new tab management on the right sidebar, menus and settings moved to the bottom, full screen scroll, auto suggestions in URL bar, a new color and way to access Gesture and Sonar, and a speed dial including news buttons and wallpaper.
Version 1.2.47 landed last night and brought the free version up to speed with its $1.99 counterpart. Aside from performance enhancements and bug fixes, this music-based trivia game added the now-seemingly standard “Pull to Refresh” feature to its user-interface.
This app serves as a companion to chúng tôi by giving users an “up-to-date snapshot” of their finances on a Mac desktop. Version 2.0.0 rolled out yesterday and brought a bevy of new features, including budgets, available cash balance, and the ability to view loan transactions.
This popular instant messaging app, which works on both desktop and mobile devices for syncing chats between them, just updated to version 2.0. And boy, is the update huge. The most noteworthy improvement includes iPad support, but I can’t even summarize everything else without writing a book. So, just look below:
– LAUNCHPAD: Trillian’s new launchpad lets you keep up with the people most important to you at a single glance. Don’t worry, your contact list is still readily available, searchable, and sortable according to your personal preferences.
– ADDRESS BOOK: Trillian can now optionally import names and photos from your address book. Make your launchpad shine by showcasing beautiful photos of your contacts.
– SECURITY: We’ve taken additional steps to secure all traffic coming from Trillian using TLS, meaning all of your chats are now protected from third-party eavesdropping.
– USER INTERFACE: Almost every screen of Trillian has been touched up and polished, from minor graphic updates to ensuring orientation changes are as smooth as silk.
– NOTIFICATIONS: Chat windows now support in-window notifications to let you easily read messages from more than one person at a time.
– MOBILE INDICATOR: As a special bonus for those of you that use the Trillian chat network, we’ve added an optional mobile indicator to let your friends know when you’re on the phone.
– SAVE OUTGOING PICTURES: A common request, you can now instruct Trillian to save photos as you send them to others, ensuring you never lose a funny photo again.
– NEW EMOTICONS: We’ve polished up our existing emoticons and added a whole bunch of new ones for your chatting pleasure.
– INVITES: You can now invite your friends to use Trillian from within the app if you have their phone number. Even cooler, when your friends join Trillian and approve your add request they will automatically sign online without the need to exchange usernames!
– AND: Support for the iPad? You got it! The new version of Trillian is now a universal app, and we’ve created a very unique iPad-only user interface that we think you’ll really enjoy.
Keep checking back for more!
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“Documents and Data” — what is it? Why does it take up so much storage space on your iPhone and iPad? How do you get rid of it?
We’ll cover everything you need to know on how to delete Documents and Data on your iPhone and iPad.
What is Documents and Data on iPhone and iPad?
Simply put, it’s your browser history, cookies, logs, caches of photos and videos, database files, and other data piled up by your apps.
Neglect to clear it regularly, and it’ll run rampant in your device’s storage. The total file size of Documents & Data can even supersede the actual size of the associated apps!
Why do apps need to cache data?
They store caches to enhance your user experience. For instance, when you search anything in Safari, the web browser keeps a record of it to allow you to access it instantly next time. Likewise, YouTube keeps a record of your watch history to recommend the type of videos that you like watching.
Now that you know what Documents and Data is, you may like to know about “Other” which takes up quite a lot of storage.
According to Apple, “Other” data is non-removable mobile assets. It includes Siri voices, fonts, dictionaries, Keychain and CloudKit Databases, Spotlight index, system data, and other non-removable logs and caches.
We’ve already covered an excellent post that shows you how to remove Other data from the iPhone. Make sure to check it out!
How to check iPhone or iPad Documents and Data storage
You can see your iPhone’s storage by opening Settings → General → iPhone Storage.
However, to see Documents and Data, you need to connect your iPhone to a Mac or PC.
Launch Finder (on macOS Catalina and later) or iTunes (other Macs and Windows PC). Trust the computer if prompted. At the bottom, you’ll see a bar that shows the iPhone’s storage space. Hover your mouse pointer over different colors to reveal the name and space occupied by that category.
Here you can see how much space Documents and Data occupies on your iPhone.
How to delete Documents and Data on iPhone and iPad
Delete Documents and Data of individual apps
The easiest and most-effective way to clear Documents and Data for an app is to uninstall it. Later, restart your iPhone and reinstall the app.
However, this means data that isn’t backed up to iCloud or other cloud storage will be deleted. For example, if you uninstall WhatsApp without backing up your data, all messages and media will be deleted.
Note: When you uninstall and reinstall an app, you automatically get the latest version.
To uninstall an app: Open Settings → General → iPhone Storage → tap on an app → tap Delete App and confirm.
If you don’t wish to remove the data from an app, but still want to free some space, check out how to offload it.
Delete Documents and Data from Files
Open Files and tap Browse.
Tap Recently Deleted and tap More (three dots.)
Now, tap Select then choose Delete All. Tap done. This will empty Files’ “Trash” Documents and Data.
Next, tap On My iPhone under Locations. Select the files you don’t need and choose Delete. After you clear a few unnecessary files, make sure to remove them from Recently Deleted again.
Clear the Documents and Data of specific apps from iCloud
How about removing saved data from specific apps from iCloud? You can prevent your precious iCloud storage from becoming cluttered for space by getting rid of redundant files. Keep in mind; it will wipe out all the data from the cloud and connected devices. And it can’t be undone.
Open Settings and tap on your Apple ID banner at the top of the screen.
Tap iCloud → Tap Manage Storage.
Tap on an app and then tap Delete Data. Confirm your action. You can repeat the process with other apps
That’s how you can delete the data of individual apps from all of your devices synced with the same iCloud account.
Tip: Only allow selected apps to store their data in iCloud. This will help you manage your storage in a better way.
Delete Safari Documents and Data on iPhone
Safari consumes significant space, and thus clearing the website data, history, reading lists, etc. will free up significant space. Let me show you how to:
Clear History, Website Data, and Cookies Data: Open Settings and tap Safari. Scroll down and tap Clear History and Website Data. Finally, tap Clear History and Data.
Reading List: If you tend to save several webpages offline to the Reading List, it might be consuming substantial space. To delete your Safari Reading List, open the app and tap the open book icon. Next, tap the glasses icon. Finally, tap Edit, choose the items and tap Delete.
In most cases, it’ll be iCloud Drive or On My iPhone.Clear Documents and Data from Messages
If you use iMessage a lot, chances are the app is consuming plenty of storage space. You’ll be glad to know that iOS makes it incredibly simple to view how much storage photos, videos, and GIFs are taking up.
Therefore, you can choose to keep and delete data based on your need. To do so:
Open Settings → Tap General.
Tap iPhone/iPad Storage → Tap Messages.
Under Documents & Data, head to the respective section and then tap Edit.
Select the data you want to delete and then tap on the trash icon to remove it.
Get rid of unused Documents and Data from Mail
Open Settings → Tap Passwords & Accounts.
Tap on an email account.
Tap Delete Account and confirm.
Once you’re done, restart your device. After that, follow the steps above and tap Add Account to re-add it.Clear Voicemail data
It turns out that all of your voicemails contribute to the “Documents and Data” part of the Phone app. Make sure to delete unwanted voicemails regularly to ensure they don’t clutter your device’s storage.
Phone app → Voicemail → Select the voicemail → Now, tap on it or swipe right to left to reveal the Delete button → tap on the Delete button.
To delete multiple voicemails, open the Phone app → Voicemails → tap Edit → select the voicemails → tap Delete.
Remove played and downloaded podcasts
Even if you haven’t used Podcasts recently, but you’ve subscribed to shows and enabled automatic download of new episodes, it may be occupying a lot of space without your knowledge. Make sure you delete them.
Clear more data and follow Apple recommendations
Open Settings and tap General. Next, tap iPhone Storage. If you see anything under RECOMMENDATIONS, make sure you read it properly. If the recommendations apply to your situation, tap Enable.
Next, scroll down and tap On My iPhone. If it’s occupying substantial space, tap On My iPhone. Next tap Edit and then the red minus icons. Finally, tap Delete.
This is how you can clear Documents and Data on iPhone and iPad.
Additionally, restarting your device and force restarting (they’re not the same thing) may also clear the iPhone cache, and even reduce the size of Documents and Data. Make a habit of restarting your iPhone at least once a week
At last, you may also like to look at these excellent helpful related posts to make the most of your iPhone storage.
Extra Info: You may also wonder what “System” under iPhone Storage is. Well, it’s the space occupied by the actual operating system (iOS.) It varies according to the device and iOS version. You can’t modify it in any way.
Marcus is a freelance tech writer/editor with a focus on succinctly explaining consumer devices and their software. His previous work has been published on MakeUseOf where he covered everything from iOS to Git and UI design.
Windows 11 22H2 receives its first Patch Tuesday update KB5018427.
Windows 11 21H2 gets another update (KB5018418) with fixes and changes.
These updates are available for download now through the Windows Update settings.
As part of the Patch Tuesday rollout for October 2023, Microsoft is now making available the update KB5018427 for Windows 11 22H2 and the update KB5018418 for version 21H2 with various fixes and improvements.
KB5018427 represents the first update for Windows 11 22H2, and according to the company, it bumps the version number to build 22621.674 and delivers the fixes and changes previously available on September 30 with the update preview KB5017389. For example, build 22621.674 fixes issues with the Microsoft Store app, the sign-in process with Microsoft Office 365 apps, Windows Search, Task Manager, and more. The update also brings badge notifications for the Widgets icon in Taskbar.
If you prefer manually installing the October 2023 update for version 22H2, download it from the Microsoft Update Catalog website. Or you can use this link to download the update for version 21H2.Windows 11 22H2 update KB5018427
These are the fixes and new features available with the latest update of Windows 11:
Fixed an issue that affects some apps that were not signed by the Microsoft Store. You must reinstall them after you upgrade the OS.
Fixed issues that cause updates to the Microsoft Store to fail.
Fixed an issue that stops you from signing in to various Microsoft Office 365 apps. This affects Outlook, Word, Teams, and so on.
Updated the start date for daylight saving time in Chile. It will start on September 11, 2023 instead of on September 4, 2023.
Fixed an issue that affects the Windows Search service. It causes the indexing progress for the service to be slow.
Fixed an issue that affects some processors. This issue occurs when you turn on Hyper-V and kernel Direct Memory Access (DMA) protections.
Fixed an issue that affects a network’s static IP. The issue causes the configuration of the static IP to be inconsistent. Because of this, NetworkAdapterConfiguration() fails sporadically.
Fixed an issue that affects Task Manager. It stops working when you switch between light and dark mode or change the accent color.
Fixed an issue that affects the font of three Chinese characters. When you format these characters as bold, the width size is wrong.
Fixed an issue that affects graphics drivers that use d3d9on12.dll.
We reduced the power that the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol uses on some devices when they are in Sleep mode.
Fixed an issue that forces the IE mode tabs in a session to reload.
Fixed an issue that affects chúng tôi in IE mode.
Fixed an issue that successfully opens a browser window in IE mode to display a PDF file. Later, browsing to another IE mode site within the same window fails.
Fixed an issue that affects the Microsoft Japanese input method editor (IME). Text reconversion fails when you use some third-party virtual desktops.
Fixed an issue that might cause an application to stop responding. This might occur when the input queue overflows.
Fixed an issue that affects XML Paper Specification (XPS) viewers. This might stop you from opening XPS files in some non-English languages. These include some Japanese and Chinese character encodings. This issue affects XPS and Open XPS (OXPS) files.
Fixed an issue that creates a duplicate print queue. Because of this, the original print queue stops working.
Fixed an issue that might bypass MSHTML and ActiveX rules for Windows Defender Application Control (WDAC).
Fixed an issue that affects the Miracast UI. Sometimes it closes too soon when you cast to devices that use the DeviceObjectType:Aep.
Added more dynamic Widgets content to your taskbar with notification badging. When you open the Widgets board, a banner appears at the top of the board. It provides more information about what triggered the notification badge.
Fixed an issue that affects the SharedPC account manager. The issue stops it from deleting many accounts during cleanup.
Fixed an issue that causes chúng tôi to stop working. Because of this, you cannot dismiss the lock screen to view the credentials screen.
Fixed an issue that affects Dual SIM calling. If you select no SIM on your phone and initiate a call on your device, Dual SIM functionality does not work.
Fixed an issue that affects the FindNextFileNameW() It might leak memory.
Fixed an issue that affects robocopy. Robocopy fails to set a file to the right modified time when using the /IS
Fixed an issue that affects chúng tôi A stop error occurs when it is used with Microsoft OneDrive.
Fixed an issue that affects Roaming User Profiles. After you sign in or sign out, some of your settings are not restored.
Fixed an issue that affects the LanmanWorkstation service. It leaks memory when you mount a network drive.Windows 11 21H2 update KB5018418
These are the fixes and new features available with the latest update preview of Windows 11:
Introduces WebAuthn redirection. It lets you authenticate in apps and on websites without a password when you use Remote Desktop. Then, you can use Windows Hello or security devices, such as Fast Identity Online 2.0 (FIDO2) keys.
New! Adds more dynamic Widgets content to your taskbar with notification badging. When you open the Widgets board, a banner appears at the top of the board. It provides more information about what triggered the notification badge.
Addresses an issue that requires you to reinstall an app if the Microsoft Store has not signed that app. This issue occurs after you upgrade to a newer OS.
Addresses an issue that stops codecs from being updated from the Microsoft Store.
Addresses a race condition in framework autorepair registration. This issue occurs because a registration key is missing.
Addresses an issue that affects the Network Policy Server Management (NPSM) service. This issue causes major delays when you sign out.
Addresses an issue that affects the Windows Search service. Indexing progress is slow when you use the service.
Addresses an issue that affects cached credentials for security keys and FIDO2 authentications. On hybrid domain-joined devices, the system removes these cached credentials.
Addresses an issue that affects a network’s static IP. The issue causes the configuration of the static IP to be inconsistent. Because of this, NetworkAdapterConfiguration() fails sporadically.
Addresses a rare stop error that happens after you change the display mode and more than one display is in use.
Addresses an issue that affects rendering in Desktop Window Manager (DWM). This issue might cause your device to stop responding in a virtual machine setting when you use certain video graphics drivers.
Addresses an issue that affects graphics drivers that use d3d9on12.dll.
Addresses an issue that forces the IE mode tabs in a session to reload.
Addresses an issue that successfully opens a browser window in IE mode to display a PDF file. Later, browsing to another IE mode site within the same window fails.
Addresses an issue that affects chúng tôi in IE mode.
Introduces a Group Policy that enables and disables Microsoft HTML Application (MSHTA) files.
Addresses an issue that affects the Microsoft Japanese input method editor (IME). Text reconversion fails when you use some third-party virtual desktops.
Addresses an issue that occurs when the input queue overflows. This might cause an application to stop responding.
Addresses an issue that might cause a black screen to appear on your display. This might occur when you use a pen to turn on high dynamic range (HDR).
Addresses an issue that affects the App-V client service. The service leaks memory when you delete App-V registry nodes.
Addresses an issue that might change the default printer if the printer is a network printer.
Addresses an issue that affects Windows Defender Application Control (WDAC) path rules. This issue stops .msi and PowerShell scripts from running.
Addresses an issue that might bypass MSHTML and ActiveX rules for WDAC.
Addresses an issue that causes WDAC to log 3091 and 3092 events in audit mode.
Addresses an issue that affects Windows Defender Application Control (WDAC). It stops WDAC from logging .NET Dynamic Code trust verification failures.
Addresses an issue that affects WDAC policies. If you enable SecureLaunch on a device, WDAC policies will not apply to that device.
Addresses an issue that occurs when a WDAC policy fails to load. The system logs that failure as an error, but the system should log the failure as a warning.
Addresses an issue that affects Code Integrity logging. It logs issues as errors instead of warnings. Because of this, automatic repair is triggered.
Addresses an issue that affects the touch keyboard. The touch keyboard immediately closes when you tap to switch apps.
Addresses an issue that causes chúng tôi to stop working. Because of this, you cannot dismiss the lock screen to view the credentials screen.
Addresses an issue that affects the FindNextFileNameW() function. It might leak memory.
Addresses an issue that affects robocopy. Robocopy fails to set a file to the right modified time when using the /IS option.
Addresses an issue that affects chúng tôi A stop error occurs when it is used with Microsoft OneDrive.
Addresses an issue that affects the LanmanWorkstation service. When you mount a network drive, the service leaks memory.
Addresses an issue that affects the Get-SmbServerNetworkInterface cmdlet. It only retrieves a subset of the available network interfaces.
Addresses an issue that affects the Get-SmbServerConfiguration cmdlet. It only allows you to run it if you are an administrator.
Addresses an issue that affects Roaming User Profiles. After you sign in or sign out, some of your settings are not restored.
Addresses a known issue that affects XML Paper Specification (XPS) viewers. This might stop you from opening XPS files in some non-English languages. These include some Japanese and Chinese character encodings. This issue affects XPS and Open XPS (OXPS) files.
Addresses a known issue that affects daylight saving time in Chile. This issue might affect the time and dates used for meetings, apps, tasks, services, transactions, and more.Install Windows 11 build 22000.1098 or 22621.674
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