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MSI and EXE files may appear to do the same thing in many ways; you could say they are the same but have different names. However, that is not the case because while they are similar, differences do exist.

Now, the differences between them are minor, but very important nonetheless. Is one definitely better than the other? This is something a lot of users are curious about.

Difference between an EXE file and an MSI file

An EXE file can be an installer, a program, or just code. An MSI file is a Microsoft Installer file use to install a program using the Windows Installer.

What is the EXE file format?

When we think about the EXE file format, the first thing that should come to mind is how customizable they are. This is because these files can execute any code, and as such, it gives developers a lot of flexibility.

If needs be, a developer can insert an installer, code, or other EXE file into a single one. But while that’s good, it opens the door to the main problem with EXE files.

Because of its flexibility, it’s not hard for bad actors to hide malware or viruses within the EXE file. So ensure that before downloading one of these files from an untrusted source, scan it with Windows Defender or your favorite antivirus software.

What is the MSI file format?

MSI file extension stands for Microsoft Software Installer for those who weren’t aware. It is a Windows Installer format that makes use of Microsoft’s Windows Installer service to configure installer packages such as update packages or Windows applications. MSI file extension can only be used on Windows and no other.

Compared to the EXE file format, the MSI format is limited. They are nothing but an installer package, so if you feel the need to run code through MSI, well, you’re out of luck. Furthermore, they must meet standardized requirements, so in essence, an MSI file is safer to run.

MSI has to be safe to run because it is a core component of Windows. The operating system manages the installation, removal of software, and maintenance.

Read: How to create self-extracting archives with IExpress

What is the difference between an EXE file and MSI file?

The MSI can only install applications, whereas the EXE file can install applications as the program’s primary executable. Furthermore, EXE files cannot be modified, but they can be repackaged by using a Repackager.

MSI or EXE, which is better?

As we’ve stated above, both have good and bad things about them, but from our point of view, one being better than the other depends on your needs. If security is paramount to you, then please try your best to avoid EXE, or download such files from a trusted source.

If security is not a concern, then the MSI file format wouldn’t do you any good, especially if you’re a developer who loves customizability.

However, if you are forced to make a choice no matter what, we suggest choosing MSI because security is better than loose security, no matter the customization options.

READ: How to block EXE files from running using Group Policy.

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What Is An Ogg File?

Have you ever looked at a file extension and wondered exactly what in the world you were looking at? With hundreds of different file extensions, it’s impossible to keep track of them all.

For example, what is an OGG file? Where did it come from, and what is it used for? Simply put, an OGG file is one of two file types: either an Ogg Vorbis Audio File or an Origin graph file.

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Ogg Vorbis Compressed Audio File

The .Ogg extension is a free, open container format originally created by the chúng tôi Foundation. This organization is a nonprofit group that creates and maintains various multimedia formats and software tools, giving creators and everyday users the ability to work with multimedia without paying exorbitant prices.

Vorbis is the most popular and common type of .ogg file, but there are numerous others. In addition to the .ogg extension, you may also see .ogv, .oga, .ogx, .ogm, .spx, and .opus.

If the name “Ogg” seems odd to you, it’s because it derives from an old gaming term called “ogging.” The 1988 game Netrek was one of the first online multiplayer games, and “ogging” referred to a kamikaze-style attack on an enemy ship or base. The .ogg extension is in homage to that history.

Like a kamikaze attack, the OGG Project was thought to be ambitious and not entirely possible due to the powers of computers at that time. The creators of the format sought to push the boundaries.

As an additional bit of interesting trivia, the “Vorbis” aspect of the name originates from a character in Terr Pratchett’s book Small Gods.

Opening An Ogg Vorbis File

OGG files are common. As a result, most major media players can open them, including VLC, Windows Media Player, and many more. You can even open an OGG file through Google Drive. However, Apple does not natively support OGG files. If you want to open one on an Apple device, you will need to download a compatible third-party application like VLC.

Opera and Mozilla Firefox also support OGG files without the need for a separate program. Simply drag or open the file in your browser and you can listen to its contents without opening another application.

OGG files can also be accepted by GPS devices. However, this is most commonly used whe audio mapping. It’s unlikely that you would ever use a GPS device to play music, but anything is possible. Maybe you want to hear your Tom Tom sing Bowie’s “Space Oddity.”

Converting Ogg Vorbis Files

If you need to switch an OGG file to something more universally acceptable, like an MP3 or WAV file, there are several easy options out there.

One of the easiest options is an online converter like FileZigZag. You don’t have to download anything and you can convert more than one file at once. The downside is you’re limited to 10 conversions per day.

Another option is something like Convertio. It works entirely in your browser, but there is also a Chrome extension available for easy conversions. There doesn’t seem to be a daily limit to the number of conversions, but the max file size is capped at 100 MB.

Origin Graph Files

A less common type of OGG file is an Origin Graph. What is an Origin Graph OGG file? This is a data analysis tool and graphing application created by OriginLab Corporation and used most often by scientiests and engineers. It creates graphs that display a variety of types of data.

The only way to open an Origin Graph file is through Origin and Origin Viewer. Origin is only available through Windows, but Origin Viewer is a free alternative that is available to both Windows and Mac users.

In more recent iterations of Origin, files are saved in the .oggu format. This offers a performance upgrade over the old file type, but it still allows users to open OGG files.

Fans of open-source software will appreciate the OGG format due to its broad range of compatibility. It provides an efficient way to access and store audio files that doesn’t hog memory.

As for Origin Graph files, unless you’re in a relevant field, you aren’t likely to encounter them.

How To Fill Out And File An Hcfa Form

The HCFA form is what non-institutional practitioners use to bill insurance companies for services provided.

The HCFA form comprises medical billing codes and the patient’s demographic and insurance information.

To file an HCFA form, fill in all 33 boxes and run your form through a claim scrubber to identify errors.

This article is for medical practitioners and billers looking to understand the forms used to file medical claims.

Since 92% of Americans have health insurance, medical billing is inevitably part of a practice’s everyday tasks. Sure, most practitioners didn’t get into medicine to file paperwork all day, but the HCFA form – the primary medical claim form – is relatively easy to complete. This guide will tell you all about the form and how to fill out and file it.

Editor’s note: Looking for the right medical billing service for your business? Fill out the below questionnaire to have our vendor partners contact you about your needs.

What is the HCFA form?

The HCFA form, also known as Form HCFA 1500 or Form CMS-1500, is what non-institutional practitioners file to payers (insurance companies). They often comprise the basis of medical claims.

The abbreviation “HCFA” stands for “Health Care Finance Administration.” As you might guess from this name, the HCFA 1500 has official origins. It’s the work of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which initially devised it to facilitate Medicare and Medicaid reimbursements. 

Form HCFA is so comprehensive that private insurers have also adopted it as their standard. Additionally, federal law requires practitioners seeking reimbursement to file either these forms or UB-04 forms, which we’ll explain later in this article.

How does the HCFA form work?

Practitioners like yourself (or, more realistically, your front-office staff or third-party medical billing team) will complete the HCFA form after a patient encounter. A complete HCFA form will include Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes for all services provided. It may also include International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes for diagnoses. These codes standardize services, so payers more easily know what to reimburse.

Your HCFA form should also include your patient’s demographics and basic information. Just as importantly, the form should clearly state your patient’s insurance information. This way, payers know exactly which of your CPT and ICD-10 codes they can and can’t reimburse.

Who fills out an HCFA form?

Any of these kinds of individual practitioner can complete and file HCFA forms:



Nurse practitioners


Certified nurse anesthetic practitioners

Physician assistants

Clinical psychologists

Clinical social workers

Ambulance services

Laboratory services


Only non-institutional healthcare providers should fill out the HCFA form. Other providers must use Form UB-04.

What is the difference between UB-04 and HCFA?

Whereas individual, non-institutional practitioners file HCFA forms, institutional practitioners submit Form UB-04. This distinction means that hospitals, inpatient facilities, nursing facilities, and other medical facilities use Form UB-04. All other practitioners use Form HCFA instead.

This boundary between Form UB-04 and HCFA is admittedly a bit vague. However, medical billing experts completely understand the difference. Better yet, the medical billing experts who work at third-party medical billing companies (see our AdvancedMD review for an example) can complete and file these forms on your behalf. 

If you’d prefer to avoid the headache of choosing the right forms and spending time on paperwork, visit our medical billing best picks page. There, you’ll find our recommendations for third-party medical billing services based on your practice size, specialty, billing complexity and other factors. The medical billing process can be tedious, but with outsourced medical billing, it becomes significantly easier.

How To Repair An Outlook Pst File That’s Damaged Or Corrupt

Issues with Microsoft Outlook’s Personal Folders File format—commonly referred to as PST—have been a huge problem for years. Microsoft knows that, which is why Outlook comes with a built-in tool called Inbox Repair to help you fix corrupted PST files.

In most cases, simply running a damaged PST file through the Inbox Repair tool should be enough to patch it up. But sometimes, you must take extra action to recover lost items.

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How Outlook PST File Repair Works

Outlook’s Inbox Repair tool is buried deep within the Microsoft Office installation folder on your computer, so you need to do a bit of digging to get to it. Once you’ve located and launched Inbox Repair, all you need to do is select the damaged PST file to repair it. 

Important: Inbox Repair provides an option to create a backup of the damaged PST file. Make sure to select it since you may need a copy to retrieve missing data later on.

1. Completely exit Microsoft Outlook.

Note: The folder paths above apply to Outlook 2024, Outlook 2023, and Outlook 365. If you use an older version of Outlook, you must select the Office15 (Outlook 2013), Office14 (Outlook 2010), or Office12 (Outlook 2007) folder instead.

3. Locate the file labeled SCANPST and run it as an administrator.

4. Use the Browse button to select the Outlook PST file that you want to repair.

If you don’t know the location of the PST file, press Windows+S to open Windows Search. Then, search for it by name and include the .PST file extension. You will see the file location within the search results.

5. Select Start. The Inbox Repair tool will check the PST file for issues. That should take some time.

6. Check the radio button next to Make backup of scanned file before repairing and select Repair.

7. Select OK to finish repairing the PST file.

Open Microsoft Outlook and it should automatically start using the PST file without issues. You will find a copy of the corrupted PST file (with the .BAK extension) in the same location as the repaired original.

Recover Lost and Found Files

Sometimes, Microsoft Outlook’s Inbox Repair tool may end up repairing a severely damaged PST file. Suppose the tool fails to place any repaired items in their original folders or locations. In that case, it will lump them into a Lost and Found folder or a set of folders under the Recovered Personal Folders label. 

You can recover these items by creating a new PST data file in Outlook and moving the contents from Lost and Found or Recovered Personal Folders into it.

1. Open the Home tab in Outlook. Then, open the menu next to New Email, point to More Items, and select Outlook Data File. 

2. Pick the Outlook Data File option and select OK.

3. Specify a location on your computer, enter a name for the new PST file, and select OK.

4. Select the More icon (three dots) to the Outlook window’s lower-left corner and select Folders to switch the Outlook sidebar to Folder List view.

5. Drag the contents within Lost and Found or Recovered Personal Folders into the new data file.

Once you’ve done that, you can choose to remove the Lost and Found folder or the Recovered Personal Folders data file from Outlook.

Recover Additional Items from PST

Suppose you notice any missing items within the repaired data file. if you also can’t find them inside the Lost and Found folder or under Recovered Personal Folders, you can try retrieving them using the backup copy of the original. Basically, you try to import the contents within the file without duplicating any items that the Inbox Recovery tool has already recovered.

1. Copy the corrupted PST file backup to your desktop. 

2. Change the .BAK extension at the end of the file name to .PST.

Note: If you can’t see the file extension, open the File menu in a File Explorer window and select Change folder and search options. Then, switch to the View tab and uncheck the box next to Hide extensions for known file types.

4. Select Import from another program or file and select Next.

5. Select Outlook Data File (.pst) and select Next.

6. Select Browse and select the backup copy of the corrupted PST file (the one that you just renamed). 

7. Select Do not import duplicates and select Next.

8. Check the box next to Include subfolders. Then, select Import folders into the same folder and pick the account or data file that you want to import the items into.

9. Select Finish.

Once Outlook finishes importing any items, you must manually confirm if the previously missing items are now present. If not, try running the Inbox Repair tool another time.

Third-Party Outlook PST Repair and Recovery Tools

A cursory search online will reveal lots of paid third-party tools that claim to repair damaged or corrupted Outlook PST files. In almost all cases, though, the Inbox Repair tool should be more than good enough for the job. 

Only use a third-party recovery program if Inbox Repair fails to retrieve your data, and do your due diligence by checking online reviews thoroughly before spending any money on them.

Difference Between Opacity And Flow

The fundamental distinction between ‘opacity’ and ‘flow’ would be that ‘opacity’ determines the limit of darkness in addition to opaqueness, whereas ‘flow’ controls how rapidly the color is applied. Imagine flow to be a dial that controls how much water flows from the faucet. If you use 100%, you obtain all of the colors in one shot, but when you select a lower Flow, you receive lighter streaks that aggregate until the opacity limit.

In Photoshop, Opacity is accessible in both layer settings and the navigation menu, while the flow is only accessible in the menu bar beside Opacity. The Opacity of any corresponding tool can be adjusted, whereas the flow feature can only be used on brush tools. Opacity is described as a typically transparent structure due to a body’s nature or state that renders it impenetrable to light rays

In contrast, flow is described as going in a stream to progress with a constant change of position among the individual particles. The brush menu shows Opacity and flows as decimal percentages. The percentage of the brush’s Opacity and flow can be adjusted. It has two alternatives: grow or decrease. When we select the brush tool, a slider displays that can be used to control the Opacity and flow of the brush as required.

Opacity controls transparency, while flow regulates the flow and stroke of a brush-style tool. Opacity can be applied to multiple layers, but it only impacts the topmost layer. At the same time, flow could be given to any layer as well as the intensity will gradually decrease as additional levels stack up the layer. “Flow” and “opacity” are similar words used in Photoshop or other laptop editing applications for sketching and painting tools currently available for digital creation and e-painting.

Read this article to find out more about Opacity and Flow and how they are different from each other.

What is Opacity?

Opacity is a feature in film imaging and software, specifically Photoshop, that allows transparency areas in an image or image layer by adjusting the light passage on a layer. The Opacity of a substance is the extent to which it restricts light. When more of the basic picture is visible, the Opacity of levels, filters, and effects may be adjusted

Regarding Photoshop editing, the brush tool benefits the most from varying the intensity of the ‘opacity’ function. This happens because you use the paintbrush for hiding, which is intended for the most complex changes in Photoshop.

The broad definition of Opacity is a region in a typically transparent construction inaccessible to incoming light because of the nature or condition of a body. It is a feature used in creativity and art to manipulate the lightness and darkness of the color or the whole layer.

When you change the Opacity of a level or a function, you make the surface or instrument effect less or more visible. An opacity of 0% signifies that the level of utility effect is fully transparent, 100% indicates no transparency, and 50% means that the surface or tool impact is 50% clear.

What is Flow?

The trace will gradually get darker, comparable to shading back and forth between pencils in the same location. Pushing firmly enough to make the pencil mark completely black is comparable to Photoshop’s 100% Flow option.

The more you go beyond a specific point, such as a low Flow setting, the more the ink accumulates. Once more, when masked in Photoshop, this is extremely handy

Another point to remember is that when using a low-flow option, you should employ a soft brush. The ink will come out of a pointed end if you employ a strong brush. Using a soft bristle brush, on the other hand, the ink will mix as it exits the paint.

Differences between Opacity and Flow

The following table highlights the major differences between Opacity and Flow −





An opaque region in a normally transparent change induced by a body’s nature or circumstance renders it resistant to light rays

The usual definition of the phrase ‘flow’ in English is to go in a stream, to progress with a constant


Transparency is the opposite of Opacity. However, the opacity feature in many editing software packages can be used to adjust the transparency level

The flow option does have an indirect impact on transparency because it can be changed when using the brush tool.


The opacity tool is employed to control layer transparency and regulate an image’s light intensity.

When the paint or stroke fills the layer, the flow function is used to adjust the intensity of the brush bristles.


Select the layer from the Options menu. In the Layers option, enter a value ranging from 0 and 100 for Opacity, or press the button to the side of the Opacity box to move the Opacity slider, which appears instantly.

In Photoshop, the flow parameter is located next to the Opacity choice and controls the speed at which paint is applied.

Factor of Dispersion

Opacity does not affect the dispersion factor.

Flow setting can be used to modify and increase the dispersion factor


To summarize, both Flow and Opacity could be ideal Brush Tool choices, especially the flow tool. The difficulty is knowing how and when to use which choice. In Adobe, utilizing Opacity in Layers is extremely straightforward; simply drag the slider to create a somewhat opaque level. Whenever used in your tools, it is more hard and time- consuming to learn

The flow feature, in contrast, is restricted to the brush tool and strokes, which is an extremely aesthetically pleasing element to use, particularly for font insertion and drawing. Opacity and Flow could be an effective choice for Photoshop, and it is widely used in editing

Difference Between Joomla And WordPress

A content management system (CMS) is used to generate and update digital files. CMS allows for web-based posting, content management, version control, and many other features. There are various CMSs, two of which are Joomla and WordPress. Joomla is more adaptable, versatile, and durable than WordPress.

Two open-source content management systems are Joomla and WordPress. The main differentiation between Joomla and WordPress is that Joomla is better suited for e-commerce, social media, and moderate to large businesses. In contrast, WordPress is best suited for small to medium-sized companies, blogs, and smaller e-commerce sites.

WordPress and Joomla are both content administration systems written in the same language; both are free and outstanding. Most people would claim WordPress is the greatest for blogging; however, Joomla has missed out on effective blogging growth, which is significantly superior to WordPress. Several of these extensions are not free. When it involves serious work, you must stick with Joomla since there are virtually no limitations to the kind of websites you may build, ranging from web journals to e-commerce.

Both softwares are powerful CMSs. They allow users to create, update, and manage website content. However, WordPress is easier to operate than Joomla. For beginners, the training in Joomla is much higher. Working with WordPress is pretty simple, despite its equal ability in content management.

The first scenario might be on a service such as chúng tôi while the second could be on a PC running the software package Web journal Equipment, Distributing Stage, and CMS. A nearby computer might be configured to operate as its web server, enabling WordPress to be evaluated or taught by a single user. Features include plugin development and design architecture. When comparing the SEO of both systems, Joomla has a small benefit.

Read this article to find out more about Joomla and WordPress and how they are different from each other.

What is Joomla?

Joomla is an open-source content management system that enables you to create websites and web applications without creating code from scratch. There is no need for the client to have programming knowledge or experience. Building on one’s website while linking the backend to databases such as MySQL and PostgreSQL is simple. It supports the development and publishing of web content. The uploaded articles could be organized in any way the user sees fit.

Joomla has evolved to become one of the most extensively used content management systems worldwide. Joomla is an open-source project that is free to use. But just because it is free does not mean it is indeed lacking in functionality. In reality, the user-friendly interface will astonish you with its WYSIWYG function, which generates identical results each time. Another aspect of being happy is the frequent updates.

Joomla is constantly being enhanced with new functionality and features. It becomes easier to use for each new update. Anyone can participate in a Joomla forum as a contributor. Joomla is an open-source project that encourages volunteers and their contributions.

What is WordPress?

WordPress is a free, open-source content management system (CMS) that can dynamically adjust blogs and websites. It is built in PHP. WordPress enables users to create, edit, delete, view, and publish content. As a result, it is simple to set up and operate. Due to its simplicity of use, it is famous among learners. Plugins allow the user to enhance the application. User management operations such as shifting consumer roles, adding and deleting users, and resetting passwords are also supported by WordPress.

Themes include templates, so the user does not need to start from scratch. The user can have photos, audio, and video to make the web pages more visually appealing. WordPress has a user-friendly admin interface and a simple learning experience.

WordPress contains posts and pages by default. Pages are more useful as constant material, informative instead of topical than posts, which are intended for frequent blog posts. While a webpage written in HTML and published to a server is considered “static,” WordPress depends on a database to keep and display content. This is known as “dynamic.”

WordPress takes significantly less technical knowledge than hand-coding a website from the start. Although dealing with code is still an option, it is possible to build attractive, fully working sites using only the graphical user interface. WordPress can handle websites of any size if the web host package has adequate resources.

Differences between Joomla and WordPress

The following table highlights the major differences between Joomla and WordPress −





Open Source Matters, Inc. created Joomla, a free and open-source content management system for producing web content.

WordPress is a content Management System that is built on PHP and MySQL and it is an open-source platform.


Joomla is not particularly SEO-friendly.

WordPress is better for SEO.


MySQL and other database management systems are supported by Joomla

WordPress supports only MySQL.


Extensions may be used to extend the Joomla application.

Plugins allow the WordPress application to be expanded.

Learning Edge

Joomla is a medium-level learning tool.

WordPress is simple to use and suitable for beginners


Joomla is most commonly used for social networking and e-commerce websites. Similarly, WordPress was first launched as a blogging platform. You may now develop any website you desire using either platform. Joomla can provide greater protection and versatility when managing different types of content for a developer or a user wanting to hire one.

One reason for concern is that Joomla’s CMS share of the market is declining, whereas WordPress’s is growing. Joomla is not going anywhere anytime soon. However, investing in the leading contender seems logical if you wish to develop your profession on a website.

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