Trending December 2023 # Apple’s Patched A Bluetooth Exploit Allowing An Attacker To Brute # Suggested January 2024 # Top 19 Popular

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A major vulnerability discovered in the Bluetooth wireless protocol, officially acknowledged by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG), has been patched by Apple in the latest iOS, macOS, watchOS and tvOS updates to the iPhone, iPad, Mac, Apple Watch and Apple TV devices.

A fix was implemented in the iOS 12.4, watchOS 5.3, tvOS 12.4 and macOS Mojave 10.14.6 updates released July 22, 2023. A pair of security patches issued the same day brought those fixes to older Macs powered by macOS High Sierra 10.13.6 and macOS Sierra 10.12.6.

According to Apple’s relevant support documents, an attacker in a privileged network position may be able to intercept Bluetooth traffic due to an input validation issue that existed in the Bluetooth specification. “This issue was addressed with improved input validation,” the iPhone maker noted in an August 13 update to the security documents.

Apple credits researchers Daniele Antonioli of SUTD, Singapore, Dr. Nils Ole Tippenhauer of CISPA, Germany and Prof. Kasper Rasmussen of University of Oxford, England.

Here’s how this bug could be exploited, as explained by 9to5Mac:

Bluetooth operates on the basis that both devices have to agree to the connection. One sends a request and the other must accept it. An exchange of public keys verifies the identities of the devices and encryption keys are generated for the connection, ensuring that it is secure. The Bluetooth security flaw means that an attacker could interfere with the encryption setup, forcing a much shorter encryption key — right down to a single octet, equivalent to a single character. That then makes it easy to try all possible encryption keys to establish the connection.

Bluetooth SIG has more in its security notice:

Since not all Bluetooth specifications mandate a minimum encryption key length, it is possible that some vendors may have developed Bluetooth products where the length of the encryption key used on a BR/EDR connection could be set by an attacking device down to a single octet.

In addition, the researchers identified that, even in cases where a Bluetooth specification did mandate a minimum key length, Bluetooth products exist in the field that may not currently perform the required step to verify the negotiated encryption key meets the minimum length. In such cases where an attacking device was successful in setting the encryption key to a shorter length, the attacking device could then initiate a brute force attack and have a higher probability of successfully cracking the key and then be able to monitor or manipulate traffic.

All companies making Bluetooth-enabled products have been asked by Bluetooth SIG to issue software updates to shorten the time window available for a spoofed connection, which should guard against such exploits. The organization has also updated the Bluetooth specification to require that pairing encryption keys have a minimum of seven octets.

I’m glad Apple has fixed this vulnerability.

As an industry standard when it comes to exchanging data between devices over short distances using short-wavelength UHF radio waves, Bluetooth certainly has its fair share of issues. The protocol’s ubiquitousness means a critical flaw discovered in its specifications requires an industry effort to patch across platforms and devices.

In fact, Bluetooth SIG took immediate action after learning of the issue by updating the official Bluetooth specification in such a way that should prevent the vulnerability from being exploited in the wild across hundreds of millions of Bluetooth hosts and accessories.

Apple, too, should be praised for squishing the bug before it had a chance to wreak havoc.

On a related note, another Bluetooth vulnerability, discovered back in July, makes it possible to track some devices, including iOS, macOS and Microsoft products. Apple has not yet issued a fix for that exploit but should in the near future, if history is anything to go by.

In 2023, the Cupertino tech giant became a Promoting Member of Bluetooth SIG and gained voting rights so it should be able to respond to those kinds of threats in a timely manner.

Are you glad that Apple has neutralized this particular attack vector?

You're reading Apple’s Patched A Bluetooth Exploit Allowing An Attacker To Brute

Apple’s Retail Challenge: An Increasingly Complex Relationship With Public Spaces

“We will know we have done really great if it feels like a town square,” explained Apple’s SVP of Retail Angela Ahrendts in May 2023. Ahrendts was specifically referring to Apple’s flagship Union Square store in San Francisco, but the goal was part of a broader initiative to reimagine the experience of all Apple retail stores.

With more people shopping online than ever before, the success of the town square strategy is critical to Apple’s continued relevance in a changing space where other well established brands have struggled. Yet even for Apple, the road hasn’t been without bumps. The push to move closer to the hearts of communities is increasingly met with skepticism and even hostility from residents. Apple is faced with a significant and growing long-term challenge that it will need to tackle in order to fully realize its retail strategy.

If only it were that simple.

In each new city where Apple attempts to establish a significant contemporary store – typically adjacent to public space or inside a culturally notable building – a pattern of resistance is emerging. While every case is as unique and nuanced as the cities themselves, the broader sentiment is the same: citizens are wary of Apple’s reach.

“Some people may rejoice that they will have access to such a beautiful piece of architecture, but others will be clearly out of place,” writes Carlos Carmonamedina, a Washington D.C.-based artist, referring to Apple’s ambitious plan to restore the city’s historic Carnegie Library. Critics have argued that allowing a retail presence inside the library building, set to open later this year, undermines the original intent of the space as a public facility for learning. Apple’s answer is Today at Apple, a series of educational and community-driven sessions held at every store around the world. While the sessions are free and open to the public, signing up to attend still requires an Apple ID, and with the exception of live performances, getting the most out of a session often requires having your own devices.

Apple’s plans for Melbourne’s Federation Square (Photo: Foster + Partners)

Louder but sometimes less articulate are concerns raised over Apple’s proposed flagship store in Melbourne’s Federation Square. The project would be one of the company’s largest retail investments to date, placing a store not adjacent to public land, but on it. Construction would also come at the expense of the Yarra building, home of the Koorie Heritage Trust and numerous historic artifacts, all of which would be relocated. Apple says the proposal will improve the visibility and accessibility of the nearby Yarra River. The concerns of Melbourne citizens are justified, but difficult to parse amidst a wash of impassioned arguments that often devolve into attacks on Apple’s products and practices rather than the project itself.

In Sweden, a similar situation is unfolding. Apple and architecture firm Foster + Partners have revised renders depicting a retail presence at the head of Kungsträdgården, a historic park in Stockholm. Initial plans for the store were deemed too large and disruptive for the square. Even after redesigning the building with a more subdued footprint, nearly 80% of over 7,500 people surveyed in a recent Swedish poll viewed the store unfavorably.

Apple’s plans for Stockholm’s Kungsträdgården. (Photo: Foster + Partners)

“Personally, I think it would be a huge step up aesthetically from the (TGI) Friday’s restaurant that currently occupies the space, but I do think there could be even better use of the location than an Apple Store,” Stockholm-based software developer Andreas Hassellöf told me. In early July, public consultation began on the project, with hopes to facilitate similar civil discourse about the best use of the space.

Even Apple’s newly completed amphitheater in Milan, Italy has not gone without criticism. An unfavorable review in one Milanese newspaper called the store “an invasion.” Built underneath the historic Piazza Liberty, the space was formerly home to the Apollo Cinema.

In cities where town square-format Apple locations have already been established, communities have embraced the stores warmly, dissolving initial skepticism. Apple Michigan Avenue has quickly become an architectural destination and photography landmark in downtown Chicago. Apple Williamsburg in Brooklyn routinely draws crowds to star-studded live performances. So why are new projects so polarizing?

Apple’s earliest stores received little criticism, since most conformed to standard storefronts inside existing shopping malls throughout the United States. Even later and more ambitious projects were generally well received, with only a few exceptions like “there goes the neighborhood” concerns over New York’s Upper East Side store. Apple’s retail projects have long been lauded for their careful restoration and painstaking attention to detail.

Even the idea of Apple retail functioning as a gathering place isn’t entirely a new concept. Stores like Puerta del Sol in Madrid and Passeig de Gràcia in Barcelona bordered public areas long before the rollout of Today at Apple. Widespread skepticism didn’t begin until Apple started explicitly promoting their stores as modern community hubs. A new wave of negative press coverage lamenting the privatization of public space followed when Angela Ahrendts used the words “town square” during an Apple keynote. Customers hear a message that Apple is trying to replace, not complement their cherished public spaces.

Misaligned expectations may also contribute to skepticism. Anyone who has been to a contemporary Apple store with the latest design elements, video wall, and Forum will immediately recognize how dramatically different the spaces feel compared to “classic” locations. But in Australia, only one store has been refreshed with the new design. In Sweden, none. Globally, only around one fifth of all locations can offer the full Today at Apple experience. Without visiting a new store or taking a Today at Apple session, it’s difficult for concerned citizens to form an accurate picture of how Apple will impact their community.

“Gadget store can’t be the best possible use—not in the District,” writes Kriston Capps for CityLab in an argument against an Apple store in Mount Vernon Square. The perception of Apple stores as simply electronics outlets – no different than a shiny Best Buy – is not uncommon, and it speaks to a need for more thorough communication from Apple to the communities they prepare to enter.

While Apple can’t send every Stockholm citizen to Milan to see what’s in store for Kungsträdgården (although a few local journalists were offered a preview), they can take a proactive role in the community before construction even begins. Hosting Today at Apple-esque events and sessions in local venues – even without an accompanying store – would reap goodwill and offer residents a preview of what they can look forward to. Projects like the former Apple Music Festival come to mind. “…After seeing what they have done here in Milan, I’m not particularly worried that it will be bad in Stockholm,” writes Feber.

History has shown that commercial activities and public space can live hand in hand when executed in way that provides a perceived value to every party involved. Broader acceptance of modern-day town squares will continue to be a significant challenge for Apple as their retail ambitions trend toward increasingly grand architecture projects. The success of a store can’t be measured only by completion and profitability, it must also be valued as a resource by those who live and work around it. An upfront effort to set the stage and educate people about a significant store wouldn’t be a frivolous expense, rather it demonstrates a long-term investment in a community that’s about to do the same.

Related reading:

Today at Apple worldwide: The first year in review

Trying Today at Apple’s new app prototyping with Keynote session

Apple’s former retail stores: Where are they now?

Apple retail in 2023: A look at every store opened, closed, and remodeled

9to5Mac’s Apple retail guide

Check out 9to5Mac on YouTube for more Apple news:

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What Are Exploits And Exploit Kits?

We have seen what is meant by Security Vulnerabilities in computer parlance. Today we will see what is an Exploit and what are Exploit Kits. When a vulnerability is detected, an exploit follows, until a patch is issued to address the vulnerability. This is the basic difference in vulnerabilities and exploits. Now let us see them in a bit more detail – what are exploits and exploit kits.

A patch in time helps in preventing exploits. At the time of writing this article, the POODLE vulnerability was the biggest vulnerability known to people which made SSL 3.0 prone to exploits.

What are Exploits?

Exploits are based on vulnerabilities – before they are patched. They allow hackers and attackers to run malicious code on your computer, without you even bing aware of it. The common Exploits our in Java, Doc & PDF documents, JavaScript and HTML.

One can define exploits as:

Thus, it is clear that “exploits” follow “vulnerabilities”. If a web criminal detects a vulnerability in any of the products on the Internet or elsewhere, she or he may attack the system containing the vulnerability to gain something or to deprive authorized users of using the product properly. Zero-day vulnerability is a hole in software, firmware or hardware that is not yet known to the user, vendor or developer, and is exploited by hackers, before a patch for it is issued. Such attacks are called Zero-day exploits.

What are Exploit Kits?

Exploit Kits are malicious toolkits that can be used to exploit vulnerabilities or security holes found in software and services. In short, they help you exploit vulnerabilities. These exploit kits contain a good GUI interface to help even average users of the computer and Internet to target different vulnerabilities. Such kits are these days available freely on the Internet and come with Help documents so that the buyers of the service can use the kits effectively. They are illegal but are yet available and security agencies cannot do much about it, as the buyers and sellers go anonymous.

Commercial exploit kits have existed since at least 2006 in various forms, but early versions required a considerable amount of technical expertise to use, which limited their appeal among prospective attackers. This requirement changed in 2010 with the initial release of the Blackhole exploit kit, which was designed to be usable by novice attackers with limited technical skills—in short, anyone who wanted to be a cybercriminal and could afford to pay for the kit, says Microsoft.

Exploit kits are readily available on the Internet. You need not go into the Darknet or Deepnet to purchase an exploit kit as standalone software or as a SaaS (software as a service). Though it is much available in the Darknet, payments are to be made in an electronic currency such as the Bitcoins. There are many malicious hacker forums on the normal Internet that sell the exploit kits as a whole or as a service.

According to Microsoft,

“In addition to one-on-one transactions in which buyers purchase exclusive access to exploits, exploits are also monetized through exploit kits—collections of exploits bundled together and sold as commercial software or as a service.”

Apart from keeping your operating system and installed software up-to-date at all times and installing a good Internet security software, tools like SecPod Saner Free can help you identify and patch vulnerabilities and protect yourself against such attacks.

Bluetooth L2Cap Interface Has A Driver Problem

Bluetooth L2CAP interface has a driver problem [Solved]




Getting the There is a problem with the driver for Bluetooth L2CAP Interface could cause performance issues on your device.

In this article, we will show you a few easy steps to help you solve this issue, so keep on reading.

Visit this

Windows 10 Devices section

as well for more interesting recommendations on the subject.

Make sure to check out our Errors Hub for more guides and articles that will help you solve any issue.



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This software will simplify the process by both searching and updating your drivers to prevent various malfunctions and enhance your PC stability. Check all your drivers now in 3 easy steps:

Download Outbyte Driver Updater.

Launch it on your PC to find all the problematic drivers.

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readers this month.

Users are getting the error message Reinstall device driver:  There is a problem with the driver for Bluetooth L2CAP Interface. Reinstalling the driver might fix this problem.

Unfortunately, if the L2CAP driver has become faulty then certainly the entire system trustworthiness is also jeopardized which makes fixing the issue a priority.

In this article, we will take a closer look at how you can solve this error and we recommend that you follow our recommendation in the same order as we have listed them.

How can I fix the L2CAP interface driver problem? 1. Use a third party software

If you get a Bluetooth L2CAP Interface driver error, then checking and installing the correct drivers is essential.

Using a dedicated software that will do this automatically would be recommended, as it will avoid installing the wrong ones.

There are many tools out there from which you can choose and after our team tested most of them, we recommend that you use Outbyte Driver Updater.

There are many versions of Bluetooth Interface drivers out there, and it’s important to make sure the appropriate one is being downloaded.

With Outbyte Driver Updater you will download the correct driver which will avoid any permanent damage to your device by downloading and installing the wrong driver version.

Using this tool is really simple. Once you download and install it on your PC, you can start the scan and wait until it finishes downloading and installing the latest drivers on your device.

In the case of missing or faulty drivers on your device, Outbyte Driver Updater will identify and update/fix those as well.

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Go to Device Manager and select the Bluetooth driver.

Next, go to View and select Check for hardware changes to install the latest Bluetooth driver.

3. Run the Bluetooth troubleshooter

Go to Start and select Settings.

Next, select the Troubleshoot option.

In the Fix and find other problems section select Bluetooth.

Go to Start and select Settings.

Next, select the Troubleshoot option.

In the Get up and running section select Windows Update.

Note: If everything is working with your Bluetooth device and you have updated it, you can run an Update Troubleshooter.

Microsoft delivers new drivers through Update almost every day, and if your Update service doesn’t work properly, you’ll be unable to receive a driver update for your Bluetooth device.

There you have it. We hope that one of the solutions listed above helped you solve the Bluetooth L2CAP Interface problem.

As you could see, the issue can be solved very easily by updating either the Bluetooth driver or updating your Windows.

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Telegram Paid Publications: A New Fight Against Apple’s Tax

One of the new features that were being developed, the introduction of paid publications on Telegram, was abandoned due to the “restrictive ecosystem of Apple” in Durov’s words. The Telegram CEO, however, pledges to continue fighting for his cause.

“Some content creators started using third party payment bots to sell access to individual posts in their Telegram channels. This way, content creators could receive close to 100% of whatever their subscribers paid, which was great” said Durov.

Telegram looks for new ways to get around Apple’s limitations

First of all, Telegram was getting ready to launch a new monetization system on its platform, according to software analyst @MattNavarra. More specifically, the publications for which we would need to make a payment in order to view them.

This would be one of the means employed by those in charge of Telegram. To find additional revenue streams for its users, particularly the professional public. It would also serve as an additional source of income for the business itself.

Gizchina News of the week Telegram’s paid posts are the latest “victim” of the Apple fee

It is significant to note that this week the Android and iOS app users were introduced to this new feature. We are talking about the launch of paid publications. However, the iOS application on iPhone quickly removed this option, depriving users of this system.

We should note that this function has not been available formally for Telegram’s stable version. However, users of the Beta version (trial version) for both mobile OSs already had access to it.

According to Telegram, this innovation would include a brand new way for users to receive payment. And in reality, we would only be able to view specific messages and contents after paying for them.

“This is just another example of how a trillion dollar monopoly abuses its market dominance at the expense of millions of users who are trying to monetize their own content. I hope that the regulators in the EU, India, and elsewhere start taking action before Apple destroys more dreams and crushes more entrepreneurs with a tax that is higher than any government levied VAT. In the meantime, we at Telegram shall work to offer creators powerful and easy to use tools to monetize their content. Outside of Apple’s restrictive ecosystem.” said Durov.

Apple vs Pavel Durov

This function wouldn’t prevent current users from using the platform’s other features. In other words, it wouldn’t interfere with the app’s current functionality. Rather, it would be an addition. In other words, a premium subscription already includes this feature. But it was still possible to pay a fee to view a specific message without being part of the paid plan.

This function, though, violated Apple’s rules because it represented a brand new payment system. In fact, the Cupertino tech firm promptly informed Telegram of this limit. And requested that it adhere to the payment of the 30% tax.

Due to this restriction, the Telegram CEO said that the measure was losing its financial viability. And that iOS users were rapidly losing access to it. He did, however, promise to look into alternatives to Apple’s abusive policy.

What To Expect At Apple’s Mac Event: All

Apple is said to be introducing an entirely refreshed lineup of Macs later this month. The event is said to be on October 27th, which we first speculated earlier this month. The new Macs are expected to be available to consumers this month, as well.

As is often the case with Apple events, we already know a good portion of what the company has up its sleeve. Read on for a roundup of what to expect…

MacBook Air

The MacBook Air certainly isn’t expected to be the star of the show this year, but the lineup will receive some attention. It has been reported that Apple will discontinue the 11-inch model in order to direct its attention to the 12-inch MacBook and 13-inch MacBook Air. Some sources, however, have cast doubt as to the likelihood of this happening.

Should the 11-inch MacBook Air get discontinued, it’s possible that Apple will cut the price of the 13-inch model, as Ben speculated this morning. The 12-inch MacBook’s price point could also benefit from the death of the 11-inch Air, too.

Nevertheless, the MacBook Air clearly won’t be the focal point of this year’s changes, but some upgrades will occur to bring it up to par.


Much like the MacBook Air, the iMac isn’t expected to receive a major overhaul this year, though Apple is planning some under-the-hood changes to keep it somewhat up to date.

The biggest change will come to the graphics performance. Apple is said to be planning new options for GPUs from AMD, while other under-the-hood specs will likely also be bumped up. Design and scree specifications are expected to remain the same. The addition of USB-C is also possible.

External 5K Display

Apple officially discontinued its outdated and overpriced Thunderbolt Display earlier this year, paving the way for a newer and more capable model. It is expected that Apple will introduce a new 5K external display at its event this month that also includes a built-in GPU. We first reported on Apple’s plans for a 5K display with an integrated GPU earlier this year.

The display is expected to feature a 5K resolution of 5120 x 2880, while the powerful internal GPU will be able to assist lower-powered Macs in pushing that many pixels.

It’s unclear how Apple plans to price its new 5K display, but we should know more following the event next week. Don’t expect it to be cheap, though, given the $1000 price point of the Thunderbolt Display and the addition of a GPU.

One thing to note, however, is that the release date for this display has changed several times already, so it’s possible that Apple has indeed pushed it back again and we won’t see it at this year’s event.

MacBook Pro

The star of the show this month is widely expected to be the MacBook Pro. Apple’s “Pro” laptop hasn’t seen a major overhaul in 4 years and is well overdue for one, and the company certainly seems to have a lot planned for this year’s refresh.

First off, let’s talk design. The new MacBook Pro is expected to be much thinner and lighter than the current models, though it’s unlikely that they will feature a wedge design like the MacBook Air and 12-inch MacBook. Nevertheless, the overall footprint of the laptop is expected to smaller, while the trackpad will be slightly bigger.

The design changes extend to the port options, as well. The new MacBook Pros will likely ditch all of its traditional ports in favor of USB-C connectivity. MagSafe is also getting the axe this year, as charging can be done via USB-C.

The biggest change to the design, however, will be the addition of a new OLED touch display in replace of the standard function keys at the top of the keyboard. This display is expected to provide quick action buttons for common tasks that vary depending on which app is open. Apple is said to be working with third-party app developers to ensure that a variety of software is optimized for the new touch bar at launch, as well.

Touch ID is also expected to come to the MacBook Pro this year, likely being located on the power button of the machine. While Auto Unlock allows Apple Watch users to unlock their Mac when their Apple Watch is in close proximity, Touch ID will allow for all users to unlock their machine without typing in the actual password.

The MacBook Pro lineup will also get speed boosts under-the-hood. While specifics of the spec upgrades are unclear, Apple is expected to offer one of AMD’s Polaris GPUs and Intel’s Skylake processors. The design of the Polaris GPU is small enough to fit in the smaller footprint of the Pro, while also offering the best combination of power and battery usage.


Another thing we should expect to see at next week’s event is the release of Apple’s truly wireless AirPods, or at least the announcement of an actual release date. At the iPhone 7 event last month, Apple teased that AirPods would be available in late October, but the company has not said anything since.

If Apple sticks to its word, then we should expect an AirPods release sooner rather than later.

Odds and Ends

A refresh of Apple’s AirPort accessories isn’t out of the question for this year’s event. The AirPort Express is still stuck on 802.11n, while the AirPort Extreme and Apple’s Mac lineup have been updated to support the newer and faster 802.11ac. So it seems logical for the AirPort Express to finally receive that update.

Colorware’s custom jet black accessories; read Jordan’s review here

Additionally, it’s possible that Apple introduces new peripherals, such as a new Magic Keyboard with an OLED touch bar. While it’s unlikely, new colors of the peripherals would likely be met with fanfare, such as rose gold, gold, space grey, and jet black.

This is speculative, though, and likely won’t be a big portion of Apple’s announcements.

Mac Pro/Mac Mini (or what not to expect)

While minor under-the-hood refreshes aren’t out of the question, it’s unlikely that Apple has anything major planned for the Mac Pro or Mac Mini.


It’s clear that the MacBook Pro and external display will be the star of Apple’s October event this year, and rightfully so. Both are due for their respective upgrades and it sounds as if Apple has quite a bit planned for each.

While Apple has not yet sent out press invites for the October 27th event, we should expect them to come at any moment. As always, we’ll have live coverage of Apple’s event as it happens.

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