Trending February 2024 # 3 Ways To Evaluate The Credibility Of A Source # Suggested March 2024 # Top 3 Popular

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Look for high-end, professional finishes to websites and print publications.

Note that this does not mean that all information found in well-packaged sources is credible. Templates for well-designed websites are inexpensive and easily available.

Where does the author work? Do they have credible work or study experience?

If the author is affiliated with a reputable institution or organization, what are its values and goals? Do they benefit financially by promoting a particular view?

What is his or her educational background?

What other works has the author published?

What experience does the author have? Are they an innovator, or a follower and promoter of the status quo? Is the author capable of representing the topic with a good structure?

Has this author been cited as a source by other scholars or experts in the field?

Check the date. Find out when the source was published or revised. In some subject areas, such as the sciences and technologies, having current sources is essential; but in other fields, like the humanities, including older material is critical. It’s also possible that you’re looking at an older version of the source, and an updated one has since been published. Check with a scholarly database for academic sources (or an online bookstore for popular sources) to see if a more recent version is available. If so, not only should you find it, but you can also feel more confident about the source — the more printings or editions, the more reliable the information.

The publishing company is almost as important as the author when evaluating the credibility of a source.

Determine the intended audience. Scan the document in question for tone, depth, and breadth before absorbing the information in it. Are those three elements appropriate for your project? Using a source that is too specialized and technical for your needs may lead you to misinterpret the information given, which is just as hurtful to your own credibility as using an unreliable source.

Check the reviews. You should make use of resources like Book Review Index, Book Review Digest, and Periodical Abstracts to determine how and why others have criticized the source. If there is significant controversy surrounding the validity of the source, you may wish to avoid using it, or examine it further with a skeptical eye.

Evaluate the source’s sources. Citing other reliable sources is a sign of credibility. It is, however, sometimes necessary to verify that the other sources also show a pattern of credibility and are used in context.

Be conscious of wording that indicates judgment. Conclusions that describe something as “bad or good” or “right or wrong” should be examined critically. It is more appropriate to compare something to an objective standard than to label it with words that represent abstract concepts — for example, “…these and other illegal acts…” is preferable to “…these and other despicable acts…”

The former describes the acts in terms of the law (an objective source) whereas the second example judges the actions according to the author’s own belief of what is a despicable act.

Evaluate consistency. Sources that apply different standards to those who agree and disagree with them are suspect. If your source praises one politician for “changing to meet the needs of his constituency” but criticizes an opposing politician for “changing his position with opinion polls,” then it is likely that the source is biased.

For example, the BMJ (formerly the British Medical Journal) banned all tobacco research funded by tobacco companies in 2013 because they determined that the special interests of the research funders would lead to biased, unreliable conclusions.[11]


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3 Ways To Draw A Map

Use a planimetric map to show scale/position. A planimetric map is drawn to scale with the objects in the correct positions, but shows no indication of height. Imagine it like flying over the area and taking a photo. If you look at the photo, you can see where everything is in relation to each other, but because it is 2D, you can’t see how high up things are.

Decide on a scale. Wide area maps usually use 1:25,000 (4cm = 1km) or 1:50,000 (2cm = 1km) or even bigger. A small-scale map may use something like 1:100 (1cm = 1m) or 1:50 (2cm = 1m). Maps of really tiny stuff can use scales such as 10,000:1 (1cm = 1 micron), but you’ll probably never need to draw something like this (unless you need to draw a map of a computer chip that does homework, or something similar).

Decide on a key. Having a key makes it easier to put stuff on your map, without having to draw it out in miniature. Some usual symbols include blue lines for rivers, squares for buildings, triangles for hills and mountains, etc.

Pick a reference point. As everything is drawn to scale, you need to pick a reference point (usually the middle of the map, or a prominent feature). Imagine it like plotting a graph, you have to have an origin so that you know where the points are meant to go.

Decide which objects you want on your map. For each object, you need to know it’s distance from the reference point and it’s bearing (the angle between a line connecting the object to the reference point and a line connecting the reference point to the North Pole. Measured clockwise from North).

Use your scale to convert the real-life distances into map distances. Say you have an object 6km away, and your scale is 1:50,000. 6km = 6000m = 600,000 cm. 600,000/50,000 = 12. the object should be 12 cm away on the map.

Start drawing the objects onto the map. Say you have an object 6km away at a bearing of 255 degrees. Using the scale, it should be 12cm away from the reference point (see above). As the bearing is 255 degrees, it should be at an angle of 255 degrees clockwise from the North direction (usually towards the top of the map). You may wish to draw a faint pencil line from the reference point towards North. Measure the angles from this line. Remember: bearings are always given as clockwise angles.

Draw a square grid in the background. The lengths of the sides of the squares correspond to some distance, usually one kilometre. Make sure that you write down what this distance is, somewhere on the map. For the example, the squares would be 2cm across.

Draw a scale bar on the map. This is a little bar, usually 1 or 2 cm across, labelled with how long it would be in real life. For the example, a scale bar 1cm long would be labelled 1/2 km.

Write the scale (1:50,000) somewhere on the map. Some maps use a combination of these methods (e.g. the OS maps of Britain use all three).


3 Ways To Get Rid Of The Certificate Validation Failure On Vpns

3 Ways to Get Rid of the Certificate Validation Failure on VPNs




The most common reason for certificate validation failure on VPN is an expired certificate.

VPN certificates are essential because they are a more secure way for authentication than preshared keys.

Users reported that updating the certificate will solve the certificate validation failure error.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

VPN, an acronym for Virtual Privacy Networks has certificates by a public authority that manages them. They are essential electronic documents, as VPN devices use them to indicate if they are the ones you connect to. Thus, it is imperative to quickly fix any VPN certificate validation failure.

Digital certificates of VPN are also used for authentication, and this is more secure than preshared keys. VPN certificates expire due to security reasons and when there is a need to replace them.

It used to take a more extended period of time for a valid VPN certificate to last, however, in 2023, SSL certificate expiration was reduced and a valid certificate lasted for 12 months only.

Still, this may not be the sole reason you are getting a failure in certificate validation. There are many other reasons why this may be happening with Cisco or some other VPN service provider.

Virtual Privacy Networks improve your security and privacy as you browse the Internet, which is why people use them. Therefore if you cannot validate VPN security, the purpose of getting the VPN in the first place is defeated.

How do I get a VPN certificate?

To have access to generate a new VPN certificate, you need to create an Azure Microsoft account. Microsoft has a free trial that you can use to gain access before you need to pay.

When your VPN certificate expires, you need to update it. If you do not update your VPN certificate, you lose security and become exposed to threats that make your private and classified information vulnerable.

How do I update my VPN certificate?

Do VPN certificates expire?

VPN certificates are issued with an expiration date for the sake of increased security. After that date has passed, the certificates must be updated with fresh ones.

There is a validity period of three years attached to the VPN certificates that were issued by both the Internal RSA CA for Gateways and the Internal ECDSA CA.

How do I fix VPN validation failure? 1. Check the validity of your VPN certificate

After you check, and find that your VPN certificate may have expired, proceed to renew it.

To fix certificate validation failure VPN Cisco, and certificate validation failure VPN anyconnect, you have to first verify that the hostname and host address are still valid and then check if the certificate has expired before you proceed to install a new certificate or update the existing one.

3. Turn on OCSP Nonce on the Windows server

OCSP is Online Certificate Status Protocol, and it is a method that browsers use to ensure that a security certificate is valid. Enabling OCSP service nonce protects secure network communication.

Microsoft Windows uses RFC 5019 while Cisco AnyConnect VPN ASA uses RFC 2560. This disparity causes VPN validation failure, and as such needs fixing.

When OpenVPN certificate verification failed and VPN certificate validation failure occurs, these are the steps that you can follow to rectify them.

Also, for IBM VPN certificate validation failure, there is a renew certificate application in the IBM store that can help you with renewing your certificate if it is outdated.

How do I add a VPN certificate to Windows 10/11? Is there any good 3rd party VPN for business?

There is another security method to protect all your business data and avoid certificate validation failure for your VPN protection.

You can use the Perimeter 81 as a Zero Trust Application Access software and secure any sensitive data from public use. This way, you guarantee private communication with IPSec or WireGuard technology.

Plus, it provides safer digital support against data leaking or cyber threats with access by role, a cloud-based interface, or monitoring tools.

⇒ Get Perimeter 81

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3 Ways To Take Advantage Of Google Maps Ads

In this way, both physical and website traffic is bound to increase at your storefront, but only if you take note of these updates and make the necessary strides to get involved with the updates ASAP.

#1 Utilize Promoted Pins to Advertise Location & Rank First

Promoted pins utilize a company’s logo to mark it on the map. The company’s logo will only occur if the business decides to buy ad space, but will occur on the physical location as soon as the user does a search. These promoted pins are meant to blend well with the existing regular pins and be streamlined with the existing platform (Google doesn’t want them to be an eyesore).

Another bonus of promoted pins is they are marked by a purple pin, instead of a red pin. They will also be the first spot in the organic search results on the app.

You might be wondering what happens if there is a lot of competition for this spot, but Google has made it so that only two can actually rank in this position in a local search. This means it will not only be a highly prized position, but it will also gain more user attention.

To get started with Promoted Pins, you have to be eligible and you can check to make sure you meet Google criteria by doing the following:

Enable location extensions for AdWords

Update your Google My Business listing

Target a location / address and increase bids for locations near your business

Target keywords that relate to your location and what people look up in your area

Once you meet Google’s eligibility criteria, you can start thinking about ad payment.

Payment is ultimately the same principle behind standard AdWords PPC. If someone interacts with your ad, you pay for it.

#2 Create a Business Page to Show What You Have to Offer

Learn more about business page optimization here.

#3 Local Search Ads for the Win

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3 Quick Ways To Install The Intel Watchdog Timer Driver

3 Quick Ways to Install the Intel Watchdog Timer Driver The best three ways to seamlessly install the driver




To restart your app’s failed instances automatically, getting the updated version of the Intel watchdog timer driver is crucial


In this case, do not hesitate to a

ccess the manufacturer’s website, as described below.

Even though more cumbersome, using Device Manager is always an option.

To simplify the process considerably and ensure the correct driver is installed, using specialized software will help immensely.



To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

The Intel Watchdog Timer driver allows specific devices to leverage the platform’s hardware. It’s a critical driver that enables the system to perform well. And if you want the get it, we will tell you how to install the Intel watchdog timer driver.

It can also automatically restart the failed instances of your programs, logging the activity for troubleshooting. Therefore, it is essential to install its related driver properly.

Today’s article discusses some valuable recommendations to help you install the Intel watchdog timer driver.

What is a watchdog timer, and what is it used for?

A Watchdog Timer is a timer that identifies the programs that are not responding or have stopped working and alerts the necessary components if things are not automatically fixed within a given time frame.

It’s a critical device that prevents damage to the system and ensures an optimal experience by performing the relevant operation.

Do I need Intel Watchdog Timer driver?

You may notice a slightly higher boot time and, in some cases, a deadlock between the Watchdog Timer and Microcontroller Unit.

How do I install the Intel Watchdog Timer driver?

1. Access the manufacturer’s website


To easily install the driver, do not hesitate to check out this dedicated Intel Watchdog Timer guide by Intel.

2. Use Device Manager

You now know how to manually install the Intel watchdog timer driver and can easily do so from either the manufacturer’s website or the Device Manager.

Expert tip:

3. Use third-party software

You can easily install the Intel watchdog timer driver with the help of dedicated third-party software. Comparing it to the manual methods, this automatic software can save much more of your time.

Also, driver installers allow you to perform actions on a friendly and intuitive interface.

Here’s how to do it:

Download and install the Outbyte Driver Updater app.

Launch the software.

Wait for the app to detect all incompatible drivers.

Afterward, it will show you a list of the drivers found to select the ones to Update or Ignore.

Restart your PC to ensure the applied changes.

Outbyte Driver Updater

Use this software and solve all driver-related issues from your PC.

Free trial Download now

Disclaimer: You may need to upgrade the app from the free version to perform specific actions.

How do I turn on my watchdog timer?

After you have installed the Intel Watchdog Timer Utility, launch it, head to Advanced settings, and then tick the Hardware watchdog checkbox.

Once done, restart the computer for the changes to come into effect. Also, the watchdog timer may be disabled from the BIOS, so you will have to check there as well, the steps for which would be different for all manufacturers and should be available on their official website.

If you were wondering how to install the Intel watchdog timer driver, you would find that we’ve selected the best options by scouring various forums and online blogs.

Ensure you also check some valuable recommendations about updating drivers in Windows 10.

Comment in the section below and let us know which of our suggestions worked best for your Intel watchdog timer driver installation.

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3 Easy Ways To Find The Airpods Pro Serial Number

Nowadays, the serial number of every Apple product is very essential as you require the serial number to check the coverage of Apple products. Similarly, Apple AirPods Pro’s serial number is also very crucial as it is needed whenever you need to replace the broken AirPods.

Earlier Apple used to print the serial number on the back of the iPhone and Apple Watches, but nowadays you will not find the serial number on the back of the products. However, on Apple AirPods Pro serial numbers are displayed inside the charging cases.

But it will be a daunting task to read the serial number of Apple AirPods Pro because it may sometimes fade off or even the serial number may be too small to read. Therefore, in this article, we will show you three easy methods to find and check AirPods Pro’s serial number, in case if you find it difficult to retrieve the serial number which is displayed inside the charging case.

How to Check AirPods Pro Serial Number: Three Method Explained

If you search on the Internet, you will come across several methods to find the serial number of Apple AirPods Pro, but some of the methods are confusing and don’t work. In this section, we will discuss three easy ways to get the serial number of any AirPods Pro.

Each and every user who is facing trouble to retrieve the serial number of their AirPods Pro can efficiently execute all the methods which we are going to discuss below and can eventually get the serial number of their AirPods Pro without much fuss.

Method #1: Retrieve the Serial Number of AirPods Pro with the Help of your iPhone

Step #1. First and foremost, you need to connect your AirPods Pro with your iPhone.

Step #2. Once the AirPods Pro is connected with your iPhone, you need to go to the Settings of your iPhone and eventually tap on the “General” option.

Step #3. Now you need to tap on “About”, and then tap on the “AirPods Pro” option.

Step #4. Here you will be directed to a new screen where all the information about your AirPods Pro will be displayed including the serial number.

Note: Apart from the serial number, you will also find information about the manufacturer of your AirPods Pro along with its model number, hardware version, and firmware version.

If you still cannot find the serial number of your AirPods Pro even after following the first method successfully, you must immediately go for the second method given below.

Method #2: Check AirPods Pro’s Serial Number from the Packing Box

In this method, you need to find out the packing box of your AirPods Pro and eventually need to note down the serial number which will be definitely printed on the packing box.

Generally, users throw away the packing box after using the gadget for a long span of time, but if you can somehow get hold of your packing box, then you can easily find the serial number of your AirPods Pro.

Method #3: Find AirPods Serial Number from the Original Invoice of the AirPods Pro

You can also use the original invoice to get the serial number of your AirPods Pro. Moreover, the original bill will also be very beneficial for you in case the AirPods gets broken or damaged.

So without wasting much time, you need to grab the original bill of your AirPods Pro and write down its serial number in a safe area so that you can get the number whenever you require it in the future.


As promised at the beginning of this article, we have given the three most obvious methods to retrieve the serial number of any AirPods Pro. So, you must go through all the methods which are mentioned above and eventually select the best process as per your preferences.

You may want to take a peek at:

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The founder of iGeeksBlog, Dhvanesh, is an Apple aficionado, who cannot stand even a slight innuendo about Apple products. He dons the cap of editor-in-chief to make sure that articles match the quality standard before they are published.

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